Executive order 9808 designed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country.
Integration of Military
1/1/47 - 1/2/47
Truman integrated the military and combined the forces
April 15, 1947 - April 16,1947
Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play professional sports
Earl Warren Court
1953 - 1969
Reformist Supreme Court justice who helped to end school segregation.
Brown v. Board of Education
Segregation in public schools unconstitutional because of 14th amendment, Supreme Court agreed & overturned Plessy case. Separate facilities unconstitutional and segregation in schools should end.
The Beat Generation which brought out the hipsters
Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks failed to give up her seat to a white man.
1957 Civil Rights Act
Under Eisenhower, gave voting rights to blacks, being the first act to give blacks rights since Reconstruction.
Greensboro Sit-ins, which was a non-violent protest for equality, including people like Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and David Richmond.
Election of 1960 results in Eisenhower winning
April 1960 - 1969
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, an organization that
fought of civil rights in the south
Mapp v. Ohio
The Supreme Courts ruling that unreasonable searches may not be allowed in state courts.
This was the poorest state of the time and prohibited blacks to vote.
The Feminine Mystique
A book that is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
March on Washington
The largest political rally in history and MLK jr. did his “I Have A Dream Speech.”
Many protests occurred for equal rights; bombings in Birmingham.
Gideon v. Wainwright
People were covered if their crime involved debt
Escobedo v. Illinois
It upheld that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment.
Civil Rights Act
It outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.
It prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
Voting Rights Act
It outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
1965 - 1968
Major riots for civil rights especially for African Americans.
Assasinated for striving for Civil Rights
National organization for Women began organizing petitions for women's rights.
Miranda v. Arizona
After this case aresties were told their rights as they were being arrested.
Won the Supreme Court Case of Brown v. Board of Education.
Civil rights leaders was assassinated.
A concert that represented peace on earth, and equality for all.
1938 - 1969
House Un-American Activities Committee made to investigate private citizen communism
1945 - 1991
Trinity-First Atomic Bomb
First nuclear device detonated in Alamogordo, New Mexico by the United States under the Manhattan Project
National Security Act
Merged the Departments of War and Navy
March 12, 1947
A doctrine that supported NATO nations like Greece and Turkey militarily and economically, making them, in sense, equal to the US
April 1948 - 1952
Support European Nations after WWII to stop the spread of communism
June 24, 1948 - July 28, 1948
Supplies needed to be brought in to the blocked off Berlin. U.S. made airlift plan so as to not alarm soviets
An alliance by the US (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and its allies as a unified power
Made claims against many people being communists and spies
June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953
A war between North and South Korea and their respective allies, in the end gaining nothing but a loss of life
Truman vs MacArthur
April 11, 1951
MacArthur was fired for wanting to use nuclear weapons on North Korea
June 19, 1953
Rosenberg was convicted of espionage during the war time. He was believed to have given the USSR the plans for the Atomic Bomb, and he was sentenced to death.
November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975
This war (police action) was a war that united Vietnam under communism, a big win for the USSR
October 4, 1957 - January 4, 1958
Sputnik became first man-made object in space, launching the Space Age
May 1, 1960
America was forced to admit surveillance of USSR, causing embarrassment to the US
Bay of Pigs Invasion
April 17, 1961 - April 19, 1961
A group of rebels fought Castro forces in the Bay of Pigs in an attempt to overthrow Castro
August 13, 1961 - October 3, 1990
Berlin Wall separated East and West Berlin, and remained until the German Reunification
Cuban Missile Crisis
October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962
Closest the US and USSR came to Nuclear War (US went to DEFCON 2 for the only time)
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
August 7, 1964
Congress allowed Johnson to send forces to Southeast Asia without declaring war
Policy of Nixon's presidency to arm the South Vietnamese forces and to withdraw the US from the war
January 30, 1968 - September 23, 1968
Series of attacks by North Vietnam against the South and US, but was met with failure
1972 - 1979
Peace Talks between Soviets and the US centered around the reduction of the production of Strategic Nuclear weapons. Ended in reduction of delivery vehicles for nuclear payloads on both sides.
Fall of Saigon
April 30, 1975
Ended the war
1983 - 1994
A system of Defenses in space and on the ground that would provide homeland defense for the US. Proposed by Reagan, finished because of cost restraints and lack of scientific knowledge.
1985 - 1990
A system of openness that occured in the USSR towards the end of the 80’s
A Dynamic reformer was elected to be the chairman of the communist party on the USSR.
1989 - October 1990
Gorbachev withdrew soviet support of communists nations in eastern Europe. The Communists parties fell from power one by one culminating in East and west Germany reuniting in October of 1990
Western libertarian broadcasts in China spurred student demonstrations in Beijing’s Tienanmen square. The protests were broken up by the peoples army when tanks rolled in and started killing hundreds of people.