The History of the World After WWII

Civil Rights

Committee of Civil Rights

December 5, 1946 - December 1947

Executive order 9808 designed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country.

Integration of Military

1/1/47 - 1/2/47

Truman integrated the military and combined the forces

Jackie Robinson

April 15, 1947 - April 16,1947

Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play professional sports

Earl Warren Court

1953 - 1969

Reformist Supreme Court justice who helped to end school segregation.

Beatniks

1954

The Beat Generation which brought out the hipsters

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

Segregation in public schools unconstitutional because of 14th amendment, Supreme Court agreed & overturned Plessy case. Separate facilities unconstitutional and segregation in schools should end.

Montgomery, AB

1955

Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks failed to give up her seat to a white man.

Greensboro, NC

1957

Greensboro Sit-ins, which was a non-violent protest for equality, including people like Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and David Richmond.

1957 Civil Rights Act

1957

Under Eisenhower, gave voting rights to blacks, being the first act to give blacks rights since Reconstruction.

Eisenhower

1960

Election of 1960 results in Eisenhower winning

SNCC

April 1960 - 1969

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, an organization that
fought of civil rights in the south

Mapp v. Ohio

1961

The Supreme Courts ruling that unreasonable searches may not be allowed in state courts.

Mississippi

1962

This was the poorest state of the time and prohibited blacks to vote.

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

People were covered if their crime involved debt

Alabama

1963

Many protests occurred for equal rights; bombings in Birmingham.

March on Washington

1963

The largest political rally in history and MLK jr. did his “I Have A Dream Speech.”

The Feminine Mystique

1963

A book that is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.

Civil Rights Act

1964

It outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.

24th Amendment

1964

It prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.

Escobedo v. Illinois

1964

It upheld that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment.

Riots

1965 - 1968

Major riots for civil rights especially for African Americans.

Malcolm X

1965

Assasinated for striving for Civil Rights

Voting Rights Act

1965

It outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

After this case aresties were told their rights as they were being arrested.

NOW

1966

National organization for Women began organizing petitions for women's rights.

Thurgood Marshall

1967

Won the Supreme Court Case of Brown v. Board of Education.

MLK Assasination

1968

Civil rights leaders was assassinated.

Woodstock

1969

A concert that represented peace on earth, and equality for all.

Cold War

HUAC

1938 - 1969

House Un-American Activities Committee made to investigate private citizen communism

Cold War

1945 - 1991

Trinity-First Atomic Bomb

August 1945

First nuclear device detonated in Alamogordo, New Mexico by the United States under the Manhattan Project

National Security Act

1947

Merged the Departments of War and Navy

Truman Doctrine

March 12, 1947

A doctrine that supported NATO nations like Greece and Turkey militarily and economically, making them, in sense, equal to the US

Marshall Plan

April 1948 - 1952

Support European Nations after WWII to stop the spread of communism

Berlin Airlift

June 24, 1948 - July 28, 1948

Supplies needed to be brought in to the blocked off Berlin. U.S. made airlift plan so as to not alarm soviets

NATO

1949

An alliance by the US (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and its allies as a unified power

Joseph Maccarthy

1950

Made claims against many people being communists and spies

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

A war between North and South Korea and their respective allies, in the end gaining nothing but a loss of life

Truman vs MacArthur

April 11, 1951

MacArthur was fired for wanting to use nuclear weapons on North Korea

Rosenberg Case

June 19, 1953

Rosenberg was convicted of espionage during the war time. He was believed to have given the USSR the plans for the Atomic Bomb, and he was sentenced to death.

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

This war (police action) was a war that united Vietnam under communism, a big win for the USSR

Sputnik

October 4, 1957 - January 4, 1958

Sputnik became first man-made object in space, launching the Space Age

U-2 Incident

May 1, 1960

America was forced to admit surveillance of USSR, causing embarrassment to the US

Bay of Pigs Invasion

April 17, 1961 - April 19, 1961

A group of rebels fought Castro forces in the Bay of Pigs in an attempt to overthrow Castro

Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961 - October 3, 1990

Berlin Wall separated East and West Berlin, and remained until the German Reunification

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Closest the US and USSR came to Nuclear War (US went to DEFCON 2 for the only time)

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

August 7, 1964

Congress allowed Johnson to send forces to Southeast Asia without declaring war

Vietnamization

1968

Policy of Nixon's presidency to arm the South Vietnamese forces and to withdraw the US from the war

Tet Offensive

January 30, 1968 - September 23, 1968

Series of attacks by North Vietnam against the South and US, but was met with failure

SALT II

1972 - 1979

Peace Talks between Soviets and the US centered around the reduction of the production of Strategic Nuclear weapons. Ended in reduction of delivery vehicles for nuclear payloads on both sides.

Fall of Saigon

April 30, 1975

Ended the war

Star Wars

1983 - 1994

A system of Defenses in space and on the ground that would provide homeland defense for the US. Proposed by Reagan, finished because of cost restraints and lack of scientific knowledge.

Gorbachev Elected

1985

A Dynamic reformer was elected to be the chairman of the communist party on the USSR.

Glasnost

1985 - 1990

A system of openness that occured in the USSR towards the end of the 80’s

Tienanmen Square

1989

Western libertarian broadcasts in China spurred student demonstrations in Beijing’s Tienanmen square. The protests were broken up by the peoples army when tanks rolled in and started killing hundreds of people.

Eastern Europe

1989 - October 1990

Gorbachev withdrew soviet support of communists nations in eastern Europe. The Communists parties fell from power one by one culminating in East and west Germany reuniting in October of 1990