Aboriginal Issues in Canada

Main

Right to vote

1960

Aboriginals finally got the right to vote.

"White Paper"

1969

Jean Chretien releases a White Paper that proposes to abolish the Department of Indian Affairs, and eliminate special status for Indian peoples and lands.

Harold Cardinal

1970

The Red Paper by Harold Cardinal is drafted in response to the 1969 White Paper.

The Nisgáa First Nations

1973

Supreme Court of Canada states that the Nisgáa First Nations in British Columbia retains no Aboriginal rights over the Nass River Valley.

The James Bay Project

1973

A Quebec court says that work on the James Bay Project has to stop after hearing protests by Cree leaders.

Indian Statuses

1985

Sections of the Indian Act are declared to be in violation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms like the fact that all aboriginals living off reserve land and aboriginal women who married a non-aboriginal man lost their Indian status.

Oka Crisis

1990

Plans to create a golf course Aboriginal burial grounds lead to the Oka Crisis in Quebec because of land claim.

The Agreement

1997

Oka and the Canadian government reach an agreement about land for the Mohawk cemetery located in Oka.

The First Nations Act and the Indian Act

2002

The First Nations Act is proposed to replace the Indian Act. After much debate, the bill was abandoned. One of the reasons for this failure was there was not enough partnership with First Nations in the design of the Act.

Caledonia

2006

Aboriginal people and citizens of Caledonia enter into a heated and “much-publicized” land dispute. Several hundred demonstrators gather in Caledonia to protest against the native occupation and what they call police inaction. Dozens of police officers formed police lines between native and non-native protesters.

Second Layer

Aboriginal land claims

1973

Pierre Trudeau meets with Yukon Chiefs and agrees to negotiate Aboriginal land claims