Art/Music Periods

Musical Periods

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476

Middle Ages

476 - 1450

Music Notation

1030

Western music is written in an organized way for the first time, by Guido de Arezzo, the monk from Italy.

Renaissance

1450 - 1600

Martin Luther starts Reformation

1517

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Catholic Church reformation

Baroque

1600 - 1750

Classical

1750 - 1820

Romantic

1820 - 1900

Impressionist

1880 - 1920

Modern

1900 - 1985

Post-Modern

1945 - Present

Composers

Guido de Arezzo

990 - 1050

Italian. Invented what is recognized as Western Music notation today. 5 lines.

Hildegard of Bingen

1098 - 1179

Woman of many talents. Some catholic sects have named her a Saint, she is officially a "Doctor of the Church" by the Pope.

Beatriz de Dia

1140 - 1200

*Countess of Dia

Perotin

1190 - 1245

Guillaume de Mauchet

1300 - 1377

Messe de Notre Dame: Kyrie

Guillaume Dufay

1397 - 1474

Josquin Desprez

1455 - 1521

Motets

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

1525 - 1594

Saved church music, wrote music with clear words in polyphony.

Claudio Monteverdi

1567 - 1643

Italy, his work marked transition from Renaissance to Baroque.

Antonio Vivaldi

1678 - 1741

Famous for the Four Seasons

Johann S. Bach

1685 - 1750

Wolfgang Mozart

1756 - 1791

Austrian

Frédéric Chopin

1810 - 1849

French

Sergei Prokofiev

1891 - 1953

Russian, Soviet composer

Artistic Periods

Roman

500 B.C - 476 A.D

Roman realism: practical and down to earth; the arch.

Rome falls (a.d. 476)

Byzantine and Islamic

476 - 1453

Heavenly Byzantine mosaics; Islamic architecture and amazing maze-like design

Hagia Sophia, Andrei Rublev, Mosque of Córdoba, the Alhambra

Birth of Islam (a.d. 610) and Muslim Conquests (a.d. 632–a.d. 732)

Middle Ages

500 - 1400

Celtic art, Carolingian Renaissance, Romanesque, Gothic St. Sernin, Durham Cathedral, Notre Dame, Chartres, Cimabue, Duccio, Giotto
Viking Raids (793–1066); Battle of Hastings (1066); Crusades I–IV (1095–1204); Black Death (1347–1351); Hundred Years' War (1337–1453)

Early to High Renaissance

1400 - 1550

Rebirth of classical culture
Ghiberti's Doors, Brunelleschi, Donatello, Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael

Gutenberg invents movable type (1447)

History

Works of art, people, and significant events.

Julius Causer Assassinated

44 bc

Augustus proclaimed Emperor

27 bc - 14 ad

Christ as the Good Shepherd

200

Christ as the Good Shepherd, ca. 150-250, Early Christian
Catacomb of Priscilla, Rome.

Moses Giving Water to Twelve Tribes of Israel

245

Moses Giving Water to Twelve Tribes of Israel, Dura
Europos Synagogue

Synagogue at Dura Europos

245

Jewish

Christ as Good Shepherd (2)

300

Early Christian.

Constantine is Emperor

306 - 337

Born: February 27, 272 AD, Niš
Died: May 22, 337 AD, Constantinople

Old Saint Peter's Basilica

333 - 390

with nave, apse, clerestory, and aisles, ca. 333-390, Early Christian

Sarcophagus with Philosopher, Orant, and Old and New Testament scenes

350

Early Christian

Santa Costanza

350

Santa Costanza, ca. 350, Early Christian

Altar, ambulatory, clerestory

Suicide of Judas and Crucifixion of Christ

420

Early Christian

Christ as the Good Shepherd (3)

425

Christ as the Good Shepherd in Galla Placidia, ca. 425-426, Early Christian

Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

425

Mausoleum of Galla Palcidia, ca. 425-426, Early Christian
Roman building, Ravenna, Italy.

Justinian proclaimed emperor

527 - 565

Justinian I, commonly known as Justinian the Great, was Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565. During his reign, Justinian sought to revive the Empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire.

Hagia Sophia

537

Byzantine

Christ with San Vitale

547

Christ with San Vitale, Bishop Ecclesius, and two angels, ca. 547, Byzantine

Court of Justinian

547

Byzantine

Transfiguration of Christ

550

ca. 550-565, Byzantine

Iconoclasm Controversy

726 - 843

Virgin and Child Enthroned

1020

ca. 1020, Byzantine

Crucifixion of Christ

1020

Byzantine

Christ Pantokrator (as Judge)

1400

Christ Pantokrator (as Judge) with the Virgin Mary
and St. John the Baptist (Deëis), 13th century,
Byzantine

Turks conquer Constantinople

1453

Columbus lands in New World

1492