Norway

Main

Viking Age

800 - 1100

During the Viking age, seafarers set out to conquer and pillage other lands.

Rule of King Harold

850 - 870

Viking King Harold Fairhair united Norway into one Kingdom

Greenland Settled

985

Erik the Red leads settlers to Greenland.

Mission to Convert Iceland

1000

King Olav I sent mission to christianize Iceland

Beating Columbus

1000

Leif Erickson discovered North America

Death of the Norse Gods

1015

Olaf II Haraldsson declared himself King of Norway after returning from war with the Danes. Over time, King Olav establishes Christianity as the region's main religion.

Loss of the Homeland

1028

King Olav II forced to flee Norway by Canute, King of England and Denmark.

Loss of a Hero

1030

King Olav II killed at battle of Stiklestad

Rise of a Saint

1031

King Olav II, a norwegien named patron saint

Loss of King Canute

1035

King Canute died from unknown causes

Bergen

1070

City of Bergen founded

Alliance

1261

Greenland and Iceland formed union with Norway

Bubonic Plague Arrives

1349

Bubonic plague, called the Black Death, kills more than two-thirds of population

United Under One Crown

1397 - 1523

Under the Kalmar Union, Norway, Sweden and Denmark agree to share a monarch. The union lasts until 1523, when Sweden becomes independent.

Exiled

1523

Christian II exiled after civil war in Denmark; Frederick I became king of Denmark and Norway

King of Denmark and Norway

1523 - 1533

Frederick I became king of Denmark and Norway

Danish Rule

1536

Norway is proclaimed a Danish province.

The Great Poet

1647

Petter Dass, priest and poet and hymn writer was born

Christian Jensen Lofthuus

June 13, 1750

Christian Jensen Lofthuus, revolutionary peasant leader died

Envold de Falsen

October 17, 1808

Envold de Falsen, lawyer, poet, actor and statesman died 1808.

14 day war for independence

1814

Denmark gives up Norway to Sweden. Although ruled by a Swedish king, Norwegians adopt a constitution and elect a king. After a 14-day war, Norway accepts Sweden's king, but keeps its constitution.

Immigrants

1825

First immigrants left Norway for America

Search for the Northwest Passage

1903

Norwegian explorer, Roald Admundsen, searched for Northwest Passage through Arctic ocean to America.

Sovereignty at Last

1905

Norway proclaims its independence from Sweden. Prince Carl of Denmark becomes king.

Peace Broken

1915

Germans torpedoed Norwegian ship Regin

Win for Women

1918

Women gained right to vote

Decesion for Peace

1939

World War II began; Norway remained neutral

Invasion and Occupation

April 9, 1940 - May 8, 1945

German forces start full scale invasion into neutral Norway. They occupy Norway until the end of the World War II, in 1945.

Martial Law

1941

Germans enforce martial law introduced

UN

1945 - 2013

Norway joined United Nations

NATO

1949 - 2013

Norway joined North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Oil and Gas

1962

Oil and gas are discovered in waters near Norway, boosting the country's economy.

No to the EU

1972

Norwegians vote against joining the European Union. They reject the EU again in 1994.

Peace Talks

1993

U.S., Israeli and Palestinian leaders meet in Oslo to discuss Middle East peace.

Norway role as mediator

2000 - 2009

Norway acts as a mediator in solving the conflict between the government of Sri Lanka and Tamils who want to separate from it.

Kidnapped

2006

Eight foreign workers on Norwegian oil rig off Nigeria kidnapped;

Disorder

2006

Protesters set fire to Norwegian Embassy in Syria due to cartoons in newspaper

New Bussniess

2006

largest underwater gas pipeline in world opened to transport gas from Norway to Britain

Discovery

2006

Researchers discovered remains of prehistoric marine reptile on Svalbard Islands.

Disaster at Land

2007

Rockslide in Alesund demolished lower floors of building, five missing

Disaster at Sea

2007

Norwegian oil rig support vessel capsized; five people missing

al-Qaeda Caught Red Handed

2010

Three Norwegian residents arrested for ties to AL-Qaeda, bomb plots in USA and UK.