World War II Timeline

Main

End of World War 1

1918

Germany forced to give up land and banned from having an army.

Adolf Hitler Comes to Power

1933

The German people vote the leader of 'The Nazi' party, their new leader.

Gas Masks

09/26/1938

issued to the people of Britain.

Munich Agreement

09/29/1938

signed by Neville Chamberlain and Hitler. There is hope for peace.

Germany invades Czechoslovakia

3/1939

Evacuation

09/01/1939

Plans made to evacuate children ready for German air attacks.

Germany Invades Poland

09/01/1939

Anderson Shelters

09/1939

By September, half a million shelters had been installed in British gardens.

World War Two Begins

09/03/1939

Britain and France Declare war on Germany.

National Registration Act

09/07/1939

All households provide information for Identity and Ration Cards.

Dig for Victory

10/1939

Campaign launched.

Rationing Begins

01/07/1940

Winston Churchill

05/10/1940

Replaces Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister.

Italy

06/10/1940

Join forces with Germany and enter the war.

Battle of Britain

07/10/1940

The Luftwaffe (German air force) attempt to destroy the British RAF (Roval Air Force)

The Blitz

09/07/1940

Nearly 2000 Brits killed or injured in London on the first night alone.

Underground stations used as public air raid shelters

09/21/1940

Coventry

11/1940

10 hours
500 enemy aircraft
1000 casualties
4330 homes destroyed

Morrison Shelters

03/1941

Introduced for people without gardens.

House of Commons

05/10/1941

German air raid destroys the house of commons and the Holborn theatre.

Clothes Rationed

06/01/1941

British government introduces clothing and furniture.

'V' for Victory

09/28/1941

BBC launches campaign.

Historic Cities

09/28/1942

The Luftwaffe begins bombing Exeter, Bath amongst others.

Italy Surrenders

09/28/1943

Italians swap sides

10/10/1943

Italy declares war on Germany.

D-Day

06/06/1944

Allied troops land in Northern France for the Battle of Normandy.

US troops enter Germany

09/11/1944

Battle of the Bulge

12/16/1944

Germany launches a final offensive on the west, officially called The Ardennes Offensive.

Hitler commits suicide

04/30/1945

Germany Surrenders

05/07/1945

German General Alfred Jodl signs an unconditional surrender of all German forces.

VE Day (Victory in Europe)

05/08/1945

End of World War 2

09/02/1945

Japan surrenders sparking the official end of the war across the world.

Rationing ends

07/04/1954

People tear up ration books to celebrate.