China Dynasties

Main

Shang Dynasty

1766 bc - 1027 bc

The Shang dynasty was basically based on agriculture. Millet, wheat, and barley were the primary crops grown. In addition, they raised silkworms, pigs, dogs, sheep, and oxen. Shang dynasty was also advanced in metallurgy. Bronze ships, weapons, and tools were found from that era. They had big armies. They had some wheel vehicles. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/shang.html)

Zhou Dynasty

1122 bc - 256 bc

The Chinese Civilization expanded during the Zhou dynasty. So much, that it was hard to control it because of poor communication. Was based on agricultural production. The religious practice of the Zhou empire reflected their hierarchical way of life. The Zhou kings believed that they were given a mandate from heaven to rule. During this dynasty the most influential religion was Confucianism. In addition Taoism and Legalism were another two religions. The bronze technology was developed during this dynasty. Longest dynasty.(http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/zhou.html)

Qin Dynasty

221 bc - 206 bc

During this dynasty China was reunited. This emperor conquered all the states that had separated from China before. This started the emperor "tradition", he named himself the first emperor. The emperor standardized writings, weights and measures throughout the whole kingdom. All school were outlawed, only legalism was allowed. The Great Wall of China was built during this dynasty. Poeple who criticized were killed, basically like dictatorship. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/qin.html)

Han dynasty

206 bc - 220 ad

During this dynasty some policies were modified. For example, taxes were reduced drastically, and the government the government played a smaller role in economic policies. Confucianism was established as the official religion over legalism. The way the empire was run got changed, now people that worked on the government was chose by the emperor based on merit. This policies didn't last so much, because Emperor Wu wanted to expand it's empire, and this led to re establish old policies. During this dynasty a new bureaucracy emerged. China had to be separated again in different states. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/earlyHan.html)

Sui Dynasty

589 ad - 618 ad

In the Sui Dynasty China was reunited again. The emperor reestablished the government system from the Han dynasty. There was also a reestablishment of religion. Confucianism rises again, but Taoism was acknowledged and during this time Buddhism flourished. Also the Great Wall was repaired and a canal system was constructed to carry water through out of china. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/sui.html)

Tang Dynasty

618 ad - 907 ad

During this Dynasty china's empire was huge. An elaborate code of administrative and penal laws was created. During this dynasty many great poets emerged, such as Li, Po, Tu Fu, and Po Chu-i. During this period Buddhism declined and Confucianism was more popular due to a massive persecution of all Buddhists. Also handicraft guilds and the use of paper money started during this dynasty. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/tang.html)

Sung Dynasty

969 ad - 1126 ad

During this dynasty the military subordinate was made into the civil government. Every aspect of government and society was controlled by the civil government. The education flourished a lot, and the economy continued to expand. The literature that had been created in the last dynasty continued to flourish as well. As an economic plan to increase the income of the government, farmers were given equal allotments of land , loans to cultivators to assist planting and harvesting, and a graduated tax on wealth. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/sung.html)

Yuan dynasty

1279 ad - 1368 ad

During this dynasty the Mongol capital was moved from Karakorum to somewhere near Beijing. The mongol empire was vast, it stretched from eastern Europe to Korea and from northern Siberia to the northern rim of India. Many missionaries and merchants influenced the Chinese. The most notable foreigner that visited during this time was Marco Polo. The Mongol control fell, and they were able to push them back to Mongolia. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/yuan.html)

Ming Dynasty

1368 ad - 1644 ad

During this dynasty literature became more important, schools were created and the justice system was reformed. The Great wall and the Grand Canal were improved. It was divided into 15 provinces. They started to re-establish a tribute which required that these states acknowledge the moral and cultural supremecy of the Chinese. To this point China had a strong navy. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/ming.html)

Qing Dynasty

1644 ad - 1912 ad

During this dynasty china reached its highest point during its long life time, and collapsed from internal and external pressure. The government was centralized and regulated by an institution called grand council. The bureaucracy and civil service examination was the same as in precious Chinese dynasties. (http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/manchu.html)

Rebublic of China

1912 ad - 1949 ad

During this dynasty china was separated in different states. They had a weak, powerless national government in Beijing. Warlords had the control of the territories. China was able to reunify, and was in a stage of political growth where it became a democratic state. When Japan surrendered in WWII china won, but they financially declined. A civil war emerged because of the distrust of nationalists and communists. (http://www-chaos.umd.edu/history/republican.html#republic)

Mao Zedong

1949 - 1976

During his dynasty communism seized power in china. Being ambitious he became a military power and forced his image and personality upon the Chinese people. He was a threat to the west because he wanted to export communism. Under his rule china had a series of political disasters and political terrorism. (http://www.lycos.com/info/mao-zedong.html)

Deng Ziaopeng

1978 - 1997

During his leadership Deng Ziaopeng did very important accomplishments. He improved relationships with the outside world drastically. China started to open up. He eliminated many of Mao Zedong principles, which were related more to capitalist, changing the principles towards socialism.

Bibliography

2000 ad - 2010 ad

"Mao Zedong". .

"Chinese Dynasties". .

"History Timeline". .

"Timeline of Chinese Dynasty". .