Chinese Dynasties Timeline

Main

Shang Dynasty

1766 BCE - 1122 BCE

• Second Dynasty following the mythical Xia Dynasty. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Dynasty)
• This dynasty controlled North Eastern China. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/ancient_china/shang.html)
• The Shang is the first group of people in China that could write. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Dynasty)
• The Shang people were very weak due to their constant warfare against neighboring peoples. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/ancient_china/shang.html)

Zhou Dynasty

1045 BCE - 256 BCE

• This dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty in China. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/ancient_china/zhou.html)
• They began as a small group of nomads. Then grew stronger than the Shang and took over. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Dynasty)
• They made the Mandate of Heaven to make it seem as if they were meant to take over the Shang. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/ancient_china/zhou.html)

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

• This was the dynasty that built the Great Wall of China. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_dynasty)
• This dynasty was innovative in military warfare and techniques, such as cavalry troops. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/qin.html)
• They also formed Groups of families which had anywhere from five to ten families and had group penalties if any member of the group committed a crime. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/qin.html)

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 AD

• The Han Dynasty wakened the amount of peasants and increased the economy. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/han.html)
• The land was divided into many different, sort of states, which were each governed by a small group of men. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/han.html)
• Daoism/Taoism and Confucianism were very big religions at this time. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_dynasty)

Sui Dynasty

581 AD - 618 AD

• The emperors of this Dynasty were very irresponsible with the government’s money and were very cruel to the people. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sui_Dynasty)
• Despite being quite short, the Sui Dynasty extended the Great Canal, and improved the internal administration. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/sui.html)
• The Sui Dynasty could be and has been compared to the previous Qin Dynasty, which was also very ruthless to the people. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/sui.html)

Tang Dynasty

618 AD - 907 AD

• Large period of stability and progression. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/tang.html)
• They used a political system similar to the one used by the Sui Dynasty to rule their land and control their people."MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/tang.html)
• They once estimated a census of about fifty million people (50,000,000). ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tang_Dynasty)

Sung Dynasty

960 AD - 1279 AD

• First ever government in world history to issue bank notes or paper money, and the first to establish a permanent standing navy. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sung_Dynasty)
• Also, it was the first group of people to use gunpowder, and invented the compass.("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/song.html)
• The main religions were Buddhism, Taoism/Daoism, and Confucianism. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/song.html)

Yuan Dynasty

1279 AD - 1368 AD

• First of two times that all of China was ruled by foreigners, China was being ruled by the Mongols, Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuan_Dynasty)
• The Mongols and Chinese spoke different languages which made ruling China very difficult. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/yuan.html
• Chinese refused to teach in government schools and were much better educated than Mongols. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/yuan.html)

Ming Dynasty

1368 AD - 1644 AD

• "One of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history," ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ming_Dynasty).
• Built a military ranked higher than any servant in China in case Mongols attack. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/qing.html)
• Reduced the Chinese Alphabet to 214 characters instead of the previous 540 characters. ("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/qing.html)

Qing Dynasty

1644 AD - 1911 AD

• Also known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the last ruling Dynasty of Imperial China.("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/ming.html)
• The borders were expanded to their greatest extent ever. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ming_Dynasty)
• The Chinese/Russian border was made and a treaty was signed.("MNSU"http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/later_imperial_china/ming.html)

Mao Zedong

12/23/1893 - 9/9/1989

• As a teenager, Mao Zedong married a girl, who died at age 21; later, he found another wife. ("Asian History"http://asianhistory.about.com/od/timelinesmaozedong/a/maoonepage.htm)
• Mao was a revolutionary leader against communists. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_Zedong)
• Developed a brand of thinking called Maoism. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_Zedong)

Deng Xiaoping

8/22/1904 - 11/9/1989

• Leader of Communist party of China. ("Wikipedia"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deng_Xiaoping )
• He was born into a farming background and then rose up to be a political leader. ("People Daily"http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/dengxiaoping.shtml)
• Nicknamed “the architect”, and created a new brand of socialist thinking. ("People Daily"http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/dengxiaoping.shtml)

Republic of China

1911 AD - 1949 AD

• Only lasted thirty-seven years but made big changes. ("China Knowledge"http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Rep/rep.html)
• When it was not possible to control China with one emperor, a western-style government was introduced. ("China Knowledge"http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Rep/rep.html)
• Was founded on October 10, 1911; but was not formally established until January 1, 1912. ("China Knowledge"http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Rep/rep.html)