Chinese Dynasties Timeline


Shang Dynasty

1766 BCE - 1122 BCE

• Second Dynasty following the mythical Xia Dynasty. ("Wikipedia"
• This dynasty controlled North Eastern China. ("MNSU"
• The Shang is the first group of people in China that could write. ("Wikipedia"
• The Shang people were very weak due to their constant warfare against neighboring peoples. ("MNSU"

Zhou Dynasty

1045 BCE - 256 BCE

• This dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty in China. ("MNSU"
• They began as a small group of nomads. Then grew stronger than the Shang and took over. ("Wikipedia"
• They made the Mandate of Heaven to make it seem as if they were meant to take over the Shang. ("MNSU"

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

• This was the dynasty that built the Great Wall of China. ("Wikipedia"
• This dynasty was innovative in military warfare and techniques, such as cavalry troops. ("MNSU"
• They also formed Groups of families which had anywhere from five to ten families and had group penalties if any member of the group committed a crime. ("MNSU"

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 AD

• The Han Dynasty wakened the amount of peasants and increased the economy. ("MNSU"
• The land was divided into many different, sort of states, which were each governed by a small group of men. ("MNSU"
• Daoism/Taoism and Confucianism were very big religions at this time. ("Wikipedia"

Sui Dynasty

581 AD - 618 AD

• The emperors of this Dynasty were very irresponsible with the government’s money and were very cruel to the people. ("Wikipedia"
• Despite being quite short, the Sui Dynasty extended the Great Canal, and improved the internal administration. ("MNSU"
• The Sui Dynasty could be and has been compared to the previous Qin Dynasty, which was also very ruthless to the people. ("MNSU"

Tang Dynasty

618 AD - 907 AD

• Large period of stability and progression. ("MNSU"
• They used a political system similar to the one used by the Sui Dynasty to rule their land and control their people."MNSU"
• They once estimated a census of about fifty million people (50,000,000). ("Wikipedia"

Sung Dynasty

960 AD - 1279 AD

• First ever government in world history to issue bank notes or paper money, and the first to establish a permanent standing navy. ("Wikipedia"
• Also, it was the first group of people to use gunpowder, and invented the compass.("MNSU"
• The main religions were Buddhism, Taoism/Daoism, and Confucianism. ("MNSU"

Yuan Dynasty

1279 AD - 1368 AD

• First of two times that all of China was ruled by foreigners, China was being ruled by the Mongols, Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan. ("Wikipedia"
• The Mongols and Chinese spoke different languages which made ruling China very difficult. ("MNSU"
• Chinese refused to teach in government schools and were much better educated than Mongols. ("MNSU"

Ming Dynasty

1368 AD - 1644 AD

• "One of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history," ("Wikipedia"
• Built a military ranked higher than any servant in China in case Mongols attack. ("MNSU"
• Reduced the Chinese Alphabet to 214 characters instead of the previous 540 characters. ("MNSU"

Qing Dynasty

1644 AD - 1911 AD

• Also known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the last ruling Dynasty of Imperial China.("MNSU"
• The borders were expanded to their greatest extent ever. ("Wikipedia"
• The Chinese/Russian border was made and a treaty was signed.("MNSU"

Mao Zedong

12/23/1893 - 9/9/1989

• As a teenager, Mao Zedong married a girl, who died at age 21; later, he found another wife. ("Asian History"
• Mao was a revolutionary leader against communists. ("Wikipedia"
• Developed a brand of thinking called Maoism. ("Wikipedia"

Deng Xiaoping

8/22/1904 - 11/9/1989

• Leader of Communist party of China. ("Wikipedia" )
• He was born into a farming background and then rose up to be a political leader. ("People Daily"
• Nicknamed “the architect”, and created a new brand of socialist thinking. ("People Daily"

Republic of China

1911 AD - 1949 AD

• Only lasted thirty-seven years but made big changes. ("China Knowledge"
• When it was not possible to control China with one emperor, a western-style government was introduced. ("China Knowledge"
• Was founded on October 10, 1911; but was not formally established until January 1, 1912. ("China Knowledge"