Social Studies Midterm :D Antonia

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

Native Americans who lived in the south portion of the United States before the Europeans came.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

A historical term stating trade between three ports/regions

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First settlement from the Europeans in the United States.

Proprietary Colony

1600

Any North American colony that own more than one estate has full governmental rights.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The beginning of the United States. They were on the Atlantic Coast.

Royal Colony

1624

Colony administrated by royal governer appointed by the British

Mercantilism

1637

Economic theory that trade builds wealth and government should encourage by protectionism. 1637 was the peck of mercantilism

Slave Codes

1650 - 1833

South Carolina established its slave code in 1712, based on the 1688 English slave code employed in Barbados.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Conflict between the British

Stono Rebellion

1739

Slave Rebellion, largest slave rebellion in the British mainland, September 9, 1739

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

was also known from the Anglo-European perspective as: the Cherokee War, the Cherokee Uprising, or the Cherokee Rebellion. The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War

Rice and Indigo Trade

1763 - 1783

The Indigo was needed for its blue dye and that was responsible for slave Uprising.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The Sugar Act, also known as the American Revenue Act or the American Duties Act, was a revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Imposed a direct tax by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America, and it required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

An uprising that was started by the North and South Carolina. people started an attack on the colonial officials

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. Its principal overt objective was to reduce the massive surplus of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Revolutionary War in the United States, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a world war between Britain on one side and the newly formed United States, France, Netherlands and Spain on the other. The main result was an American victory and European recognition of the independence of the United States, with mixed results for the other powers.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

South Carolina Constituion of 1776

1776

South Carolina got independence from Great Britian four months before tthe Continental Congress declared independence and five months before South Carolina learned the decleration

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

was a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The actual battle took place on October 7, 1780, nine miles south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina in rural York County, South Carolina

Battle of Camden

1780

was a major victory for the British in the Southern part of the American Revolutionary War

Battle of Cowpens

1781

was a decisive victory by Continental army forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, and was the last major engagement of the war in the Carolinas.

Articles of Confederation

1781

was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives

Commerce Compromise

1787

Northerners wanted to restrict foreign competition for raw good and finished products by taxing both imports and exports.

Great Compromise

1787

It was a compromise combinig both the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan.

Constitution

1789

The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court. The last four Articles frame the principle of federalism

Cotton Gin

1793

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, a job that otherwise must be performed painstakingly by hand.

Plantation System

1800

The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system.

Cotton Trade

1800 - 1860

At the onset of the Civil War, it was the policy of the newly-created Confederate States of America to withhold cotton from European markets in the hopes of inducing either foreign intervention or, at the very least, encouraging recognition of the fledgling Confederacy.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized as contraband of war by the belligerent European navies

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a 32 month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change, but a resolution of many issues remaining from the American War of Independence.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65),

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

The plot called for Vesey and his group of slaves and free blacks to execute their enslavers and temporarily liberate the city of Charleston

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1832

was a major milestone in the national debate over federal versus state authority. Coming at a time when agitation over slavery and other issues that tended to divide the country along sectional lines was growing, the nullification controversy brought the states rights debate into sharp focus.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it to freedom beyond the Federal blockade.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court. It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that people of African descent (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens.[

Election of 1860

1860

was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.

Secessionist

1860

a person who secedes, advocates secession, or claims secession as a constitutional right.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the United States (the "Union" or the "North") and several Southern slave states that had declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America (the "Confederacy" or the "South").

Port Royal

1861

Port Royal was a city located at the end of the Palisadoes at the mouth of the Kingston Harbour, in southeastern Jamaica.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

The assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln took place on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close.

“Total War”

1900

is war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully availble resources and population

Ft Sumter

1948

The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.