Midterm exam for sikora

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 bc - 800 ad

They lived in longhouses made out of hay, sticks, and animal skin. They ate oysters and clams very often.

Triangular trade

1500 - 1700

This was a trade of goods between three countries, Africa, Europe, and the Americans. They traded slaves and goods between the three continents.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón established this town near what is now george town. It failed within a year.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

Mercantilism was a law enforcing security on foreign trade. High tariffs, and manufactured goods were a part of mercantilism.

Royal colony

1600 - 1700

A colony ruled or administrated by the parent state.

13 english coloonies

1607 - 1733

The colonies were Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island. they were the first 13 coloniesf the united states.

Propriety colony

1664 - 1719

Any certain early North American colonies. Some examples were South Carolina and Pennsylvania.

Rice and indigo trade

1680 - 1730

Rice and indigo were big cash crops in South Carolina. They were also really profitable to trade and sell.

Plantation system

1700

The division of the land into smaller parts under private ownership became known as the plantation system.

Cotton trade

1700 - 1900

This was the trade of cooton between the the US and other countries around the world for other goods.

Slave codes

1705 - 1848

The slave codes wwere put in pplace to keep slaves from rebelling. The consequences for not following slave codes were very harsh, some including death.

Yemasse war

1715 - 1717

It was a war between British, South Carolina, and the yemasse Indians.

Stono rebellion

1739 - 1740

A group of slaves planned to rebel against white slaveowners and their families. They went through towns killing and burning down businesses and houses of the slave owners.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

It was the bloodiest american war in 18th century. The British won.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

British and Cherokee suspected opposite side betrayed them.

Sugar act

1763 - 1776

Made to earn money to pay off military debt.

Stamp act

1763 - 1776

This act was made to raise money not raised by the sugar act and taxed paper goods.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

They tried to effect governmental changes by backcountry settlers.

Sons of liberty

1765

Group of American citezens trying to protect rights against British taxation.

Tea act

1773 - 1778

This caused the Boston tea party. It also caused a monopoly that was unfair to American tea merchants.

Revolutionary war

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was the war that the 13 colonies gained freedom from Great Britain.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

In 1776 the constitution of South Carolina approved a new government.

Articles of Confederation

1776

This was the first set of laws for the new government in the 13 colonies.

Declaration of Independence

1776

It was ratified July 4, 1776. It was declared independence from Britain.

Battle of Camden

1780

The British won this battle and it was a major victory for them in the Revolutionary War. It was fought in Camden South Carolina.

Battle of kings mountain

1780

The patriots won and the loyalists were annihilated. This was a very important battle for the patriots in winning the Revolutionary War.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

This was a bloody battle fought in South Carolina. It was the last major battle fought in the Revolutionary War.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

This battle was a turning point in the war for the Patriots in the Revolutionary War.

Commerce compromise

1787

The commerce compromise was the commerce putting a tax on all imported goods but not exported goods.

Constitution

1787

The constitution of the United States was created to replace the articles of confederation. Since the articles of confederation weren't working they decided to revise them and make the constitution.

Great comprimise

1787

The great compromise was an agreement between large and small states on the amount of representatives per state.

3/5 compromise

1787

The three fifths compromise was when slaves were only counted as three fifths a person because they didn't want the southern states to have more representation.

Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney created the cotton gin in 1793 to make the production of cotton easier for the slaves. It automated the separation of the cottonseed from the cotton.

Embargo act

1807

The embargo act was a ban put on British ships. United States was not allowed to trade with foreign countries.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812, a war between the United States and the British. The United States won.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was a american soldier, a businessman, a educator and author. He also served in the civil war army as a general.

Denmark Vessey Plot

1822

The denmark Vesey Plot was a plot for slave owners to rebel against thier slave owners. This plan was to execute thier slave owners. It did not work out well for the slaves.

Abolisionist movement

1830 - 1870

The abolisionist movement was an attempt to stop racial segregation. It also tried to put an end to slavery. This helped lead into the civil war.

Nullification controversy

1832 - 1833

The nullification controversy was a disagreement between the president Andrew Jackson and South Carolinas senator John Calhoun.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an african american slave. He became a ships pilot, sea captain, and politician.

kansas nebraska act

1854

The kansas nebraska act gave kansaas and nebraska the right to vote for if they wanted slavery or not.

Dred scott decision

1857

The decision declared that congress had no power to prohibit slavery in federal teritories. It also said that people from african decent werent protected by the constitution.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Linclon won the presidental election. This caused South Carolina to break away from the US.

Creation of the confederate states of America

1860

The Confederate States of America formed after lincoln became president. Most of the southern states broke off from the US and became the confederate states.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

Secessionist was the secession of 11 states from the United States.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1865

Fort sumter was a fort in south carolina. It was the Unions fort. The first shots of the civil war were fired here.

Port royal

1861 - 1865

Port Royal was a fort in South carolina. It was a fort used in the Civil War.

Total War

1861 - 1865

Total war was a type of warfare used in the civil war.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The civil war was a war fought between the north and south. They were fighting over slavery. The north won the Civil War and slavery was lifted.

Lincolns assasignation

1865

President Abraham Lincoln was killed while while watchimg a play in Fords Theatre. The Civil War had ended.