World War II

World War II

Invasion of Manchuria

September 19 1931

Allowed Japanese the get the natural resources that was in Manchuria

Hitler takes power

January 30 1933

Allowed Hitler to take over the German Army and expand Germany, which was one of the causes of World War II

Spanish Civil War

July 17 1936 - April 1 1939

Battlefields of Spanish Civil War were a proving ground for German forces and new weapons, especially for airforce

Japanese invasion of China

July 1937

Japan would take over a large country that produces many goods, therefore was one of the reasons for America joining the war

Munich Agreement

1938

Britain and France appeased Germany by giving them the Sudetenland back. Trying to stop the world from a war.

German invasion of Czechoslovakia

1938

Hitler wanted Germans to have more living space and to control its natural resources

Neutrality Acts

January 1939

Tried to keep the United States out of the war.

Non-aggression Pact

August 23 1939

Nations signed the Pact, so Germany would not attack them, even though they would.

Invasion of Poland

September 1 1939

The event that marks the start of World War II.

Invasion of Denmark/Norway

April 1940 - May 1940

Allowed Hitler to safeguard supply routes of Swedish ore and also to establish a Norwegian base where he could break the British naval blockade on Germany.

Fall of France

June 22 1940

After France fell, the United States and Britain would have to defeat the Axis powers by themselves.

Battle of Britain

August 1940 - September 1940

The Battle of Britain was the first battle that Germany was defeated in World War II.

Lend-Lease

March 1941

Hitler saw it as an act of war and started sinking American ships.

Atlantic Charter

August 1941

Became the "Declaration of the United Nations", and the common purpose of the Allies

Pearl Harbor

December 7 1941

The bombing of Pearl Harbor forced the United States to enter the war.

Battle of the Atlantic

January 1942 - June 1943

Allowed the United States the supply Great Britain and the Soviet Union with food and war materials

Doolittle's Raid

April 18 1942

Pulling off a Pearl Harbor-style air raid over Japan lifted America's sunken spirits and dampened spirits in Japan.

Battle of Midway

June 3 1942

Turning point in the Pacific War.

Battle of Stalingrad

August 1942

With the Soviet Union winning the battle, it marked a turning point and allowed the Soviets to move west toward Germany.

Operation Torch/North African Front

November 1942 - May 1943

If Britain and America could secure North Africa, they could start an invasion across the English Channel, which would force Hitler to divert troops from the Soviet front.

Italian Campaign

June 1943 - May 1944

Hitler was determined to stop the Allies in Italy. The effort to free Italy did not succeed until 1945, when Germany was going to collapse.

D-Day

June 6 1944

It marked the start of the Allies' invasion of Western Europe and paved the way for Allied victory.

Liberation of France

August 1944

Germany got exterminated from France and could not use France as launch zones for their weapons.

Battle of Leyte Gulf

October 23 1944 - October 26 1944

By defeating the Japanese, the U.S. cut off their supply lines and destroyed the majority of the Japanese fleet.

Battle of the Bulge

December 16 1944

Once the battle finished the Nazi's could do little, but retreat.

Nuremberg Trials

1945 - 1946

Established a important principle that, the idea that individuals are responsible for their own actions even in times of war

Yalta Conference

February 1945

Divided Germany into four zones, one each for the Americans, the British, the Soviets, and the French. Stalin agreed to join the war against Japan and take part in an international conference.

Iwo Jima

February 19 1945

Critical to the Untied States as a base from which heavily loaded bombers might reach Japan. Once captured, there was only one island keeping the Allies from attacking Japan

Okinawa

April 1945 - June 21 1945

Gave a chilling foretaste of what the Allies imagined the invasion of Japan's home islands would be.

FDR's Death

April 12 1945

Harry S. Truman became the nations 33rd President.

V-E Day

May 8 1945

General Eisenhower accepted the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich. The war in Europe was finally over.

Hiroshima

August 6 1945

An important Japanese military center, and after bomb was dropped every building in the city collapsed.

Nagasaki

August 9 1945

A second atomic bomb destroyed the city, which cause the Japanese to surrender on September 2nd.

V-J Day

August 14 1945

The defeat of Japan marked the end of World War II.