Alexxis' Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The Eastern Woodland Culture consisted of Indian tribes inhabiting the eastern United States and Canada.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

The economic doctrine that government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the military security of the country.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

This was the best-known triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave trade. It carried slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers.

Port Royal

1518 - 2013

An island founded in 1518. Many battles were fought there.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

It was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory. It was founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón.

Plantation System

1600 - 1900

When the economy is based on agricultural mass production, usually of a few staple products grown on large farms called plantations.

Cotton Trade

1600 - 2013

Cotton has been distributed around the world for hundreds of years. It is mainly used to make clothing.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1700

A colony, as New York, administered by a royal governor and council appointed by the British crown, and having a representative assembly elected by the people.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The Thirteen Colonies were a few of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America.

The 13 colonies were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1712

These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1681

A colony in that one or more individuals, usually land retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state.

Rice & Indigo Trade

1680 - 1725

Rice was grown in South Carolina. By the early 18th century, with the slave system established on a rather big scale, rice became a major export crop of the region. It was extremely profitable.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

A conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

The largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies before the American Revolution.

French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France. British Victory.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War. The British and the Cherokee had been allies at the start of the war, but each party had suspected the other of betrayals.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1765

It was an indirect tax, although the colonists were well informed of its presence. A good part of the reason was that a significant portion of the colonial economy during the Seven Years War was involved with supplying food and supplies to the British Army. Colonials, however, especially those affected directly as merchants and shippers, assumed that the highly visible new tax program was the major culprit. As protests against the Sugar Act developed, it was the economic impact rather than the constitutional issue of taxation without representation that was the main focus for the colonists.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, and other duties, in the British colonies and plantations in America.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The War of the Regulation (or the Regulator Movement) was a North and South Carolina uprising.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government. They are best known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773, which led to the Intolerable Acts (an intense crackdown by the British government), and a counter-mobilization by the Patriots.

Tea Act

1773 - 1774

The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. Its principal overt objective was to reduce the massive surplus of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The war that resulted in America breaking free from Great Britian.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

It talked about how we are an Independant Nation.

The South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

It describes the structure and function of the state's government.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1778

An agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

A battle in the Revolutionary War that the British won.

Battle of King's Mountain

1780 - 1781

A battle fought in King's Mountain, NC. The Patriots defeated the Loyalists.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

The turning point in the war for America.

The Battle of Eautaw Springs

1781 - 1782

The bloodiest battle in the Revolutionary War.

The 3/5 Comprimise

1787 - 1788

3/5 of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

The Constitution allowed the federal government to tax imports but not exports.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1788

The convention decided that there would be two houses, one house will have equal representation, while the other is based on population of the state.

Nullification Controversy

1787 - 1816

This declared that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional.

Constitution

1788 - 1789

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. IT states the three branches of government. Legislative, Judicial, and Executive.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1794

Invented by Eli Whitney, this machine quickly separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation. This caused the slave population to grow massivley.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808

A law passed by Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson in 1807. This law stopped all trade between America and any other country.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

A conflict between the United States and the British Empire.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

It was plot created by Vesey. Slaves were supposed to revolt against their masters. Word got out about it and it failed. Vesey and other people involved in the plot were killed.

Fort Sumter

1829 - 1861

A fort in Charleston where many famous battles were fought.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1840

A movement attempting to end slavery completely and have blacks equl to whites.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1887

He was an enslaved African American who became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

It allowed settlers in the Kanas and Nebraska territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

It said that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that people of African descent (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

The 19th presidential election. Lincoln won.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

When the North and South were fighting for their beliefs. Mainly slavery.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

A government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.

“Total War”

1864 - 1865

Philip Sheridan's purpose was to eliminate food and supplies vital to the South's military operations, as well as to strike a blow at Southern civilian morale.

Lincoln’s Assassination

1865 - 1866

Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth while watching a play at Ford's Theatre.

Secessionist

0 - 1

The act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or especially a political entity.