Magical midterm timeline

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The Eastern Woodland Indians were a group of Native American tribes that lived in the the northeastern part of the US.

Triangle slave trade

1450 - 1790

A slave trade between Africa, Britan and the America's

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

A belief that colonies existed only for the benefit of the mother country.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First Spanish settlement north of Florida

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1783

Life was difficult in the early British colonies. Food was scarce and colonists survived off of only the bare necessities.

Royal colony

1607 - 1781

Colonies owned and controlled by the king of England.

Proprietary colony

1660 - 1690

Wealthy British citizen were given control of different parts of the British colonies.

Plantation System

1679 - 1865

Thanks to indentured servitude and slave labor large plantations were able to plant and harvest an astronomical amount of product. And they could also expand and grow even more product because they had such a large cheap workforce.

Rice and indigo trade

1680 - 1750

Rice and indigo were the two major cash crops of the southern colonies. These two crop were a big part of the southern economy.

French and Indian war

1689 - 1763

A colonial war between the British and the French over their North American colonies. The native Americans sided with the French.

Slave codes

1705

Series of laws passed in an attempt to prevent rebellious behavior by the slaves.

Yemasse war

1715 - 1725

The yemasse Indian tribe attacked the English settlers of South Carolina with the help of the Cherokee. However the Cherokee soon betrayed the yemasse and helped the English settlers push the yemasse out of South Carolina.

Stono rebellion

1739 - 1740

A large slave uprising near the stono river

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

Members of the Cherokee Indian tribe snuck into a British settlement and burned it to the ground. This was the beginning of a lot of tensions between the British and the Indians.

Regulator movement

1760 - 1768

Citizens of south Carolina wished to have equal benefits throughout the state. They set up their own system of courts and law enforcement in the upcountry since the Carolina general assembly wouldn't do it for them.

Sugar act

1764 - 1765

A tax enforced on the British colonies on all sugar and molasses products. It was an attempt by parliament to raise money.

Stamp act

1765 - 1766

And act passed by parliament requiring a stamp to be purchased for any paper document.

Sons of liberty

1765 - 1783

A group of Boston colonists who gathered together to protest British control.

Tea act

1773 - 1783

A tax in the British colonies on all tea products. Tea was in very high demand in the colonies.

South Carolina constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

South Carolina declared itself independent of British control.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

A document stating that the 13 English colonies wished to be to be free from British rule.

Revolutionary war

1776 - 1783

A war fought for the independence of the American colonies.
The opponent was the British.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

More than half of the American troops who entered the battle were killed of wounded. With their victory the British were on the verge of taking control of South Carolina.

Battle of kings mountain

1780 - 1781

Turning point of the war in the south. Big win for the Americans.

Battle of cow pens

1781 - 1782

After their defeat the British left South Carolina for good.

Battle of eutaw springs

1781 - 1782

One of the bolo digest battles of the American revolution.

Commerce compromise

1787 - 1788

Imports from forgein countries were to be taxed but exports would not be taxed.

great compromise

1787 - 1788

Compromise that resulted in a bicameral (two part) congress. In one branch representation was to be based on population (the house of representatives) and in the other each state was to have an equal amount of delegates (the senate).

Constitution

1787 - 1788

A document stating the framework of the United states government.

Articles of confederation

1787 - 1789

The first constitution of the United States. Did not work well and was eventually replaced by the current U.S constitution.

Cotton Gin

1793

A machine which removed seeds from raw cotton at a very fast rate. Cotton production in the south skyrocketed in the south thanks to this invention, and so did slavery.

Cotton trade

1793 - 1865

From the invention of the cotton gin until about the end of the civil war the American South supplied most of the worlds cotton. This made them a very powerful in the Worldwide cotton trade.

embargo act

1807 - 1809

a law passed by president Jefferson stopping all trade between america and any other country. the embargo act failed miserably.

3/5 compromise.

1808 - 1865

Agreement between the north and south that 3/5 of slaves would be counted towards the official population.

war of 1812

1812 - 1815

A rematch of the revolutionary war between Great Britain and America. Great Britain attacked american soil and once again the Americans were able to defeat the British.

Denmark vessey

1822 - 1823

More than 9,000 slaves planned a massive slave revolt in Charleston SC. However the plan was never conducted because someone tattled about their scheme and all of the leaders were executed.

Nullification controversy

1828 - 1832

Congress passed a bill requiring high protective tariffs and South Carolinians objected to it. It's led to high tensions between South Carolina and the federal government.

Abolitionist movement

1830

Idea that slaves sould be freed immediately fought for equal rights and treatment for slaves.

Kansas Nebraska act

1854 - 1855

This act allowed territories to decide for themselves whether or not they wished to have slavery. This concept was called popular sovereignty.

Dread Scott decision

1856 - 1857

Decision by the U.S Supreme Court stating that african americans were not U.S citizens and were not protected under the constitution.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

Abraham Lincoln was elected as president of the United States. His election into office was the last straw so to speak for the south and they seceded from the union shortly after.

Secessionist

1860 - 1865

A person who secedes advocates secession or claims secession as a constitutional right.

Civil war

1861 - 1865

War between the northern states ( the union) and the southern states ( the confederacy) mainly over the issue of slavery. The union won the war eliminating slavery in the United States.

Fort Sumpter

1861 - 1862

Southern forces fired on fort sumpter which was under union control. This conflict was the spark that started the civil war.

Battle of Port Royal

1861 - 1862

A major union victory early in the civil war.

Creation of the confederate states off America

1861 - 1862

Eleven southern states seceded from the union and formed a new country, the confederate states of America.

Robert Smalls

1862 - 1863

A free black man who helped many slaves escape by sailing his ship out of Charleston harbor an across union lines.

Total war

1864 - 1866

Strategy of war used by the union in which all of the enemies property is destroyed leaving them completely helpless. Therefore they are forced to surrender.

William T. Sherman

1864 - 1865

Union general William T. Sherman led a path of destruction through most of Georgia burning and destroying everything in his path. The goal was to leave the confederacy so crippled an helpless that they were forced to surrender.

Lincoln's assasination

1865 - 1866

Abraham Lincoln was shot and killed by John Wilkes booth on April 14th 1865.