South Carolina State History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The eastern woodland Indians lived east of the plains Indians and depended on natural resources for their needs.

Port Royal

1518 - 1519

The Town of Port Royal is located between the Beaufort River and Battery Creek in the heart of South Carolina’s Low Country.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape is in the United States territory, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

Mercantilism is the belief in the benefits of profitable trade.

Triangle Slave Trade

1600 - 1900

The triangle slave trade is a route to receive slaves.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The colonies were Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhone Island.

Royal Colony

1624 - 1752

a colony, administered by a royal governor and council appointed by the British crown, and having a representative assembly elected by the people.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1681

A proprietary colony was a colony in which one or more individuals, usually land owners, remain in their birth state.

Rice and Indigo trade

1680 - 1730

South Carolina grew rice and indigo and that made the Carolina rich.

Slave Codes

1705 - 1865

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yamasee was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and Native Americans. It was a battle in Easterm South Carlolina. Hundreds of colonists and settlements were destroyed.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1787

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion in the colony of South Carolina. It recruited 60 slaves and killed 22-25 whites. This took place on September 9, 1739.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought between British America and New France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee War was part of the western revolution.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1776

The sugar act was when the British placed taxes on wine, sugar and many other products.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp act imposed a direct tax by the British Parliment specifically on the colonies of North America

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Designated for two groups, one in South Carolina, the other in North Carolina, that tried to effect governmental changes.

Son of Liberty

1765 - 1773

The sons of liberty were American Parriots that organize pre independence North American British Colonies. They are most famous for undertaking the Boston Tea Party.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

The Denmark Vesey Plan was a African- Carribean most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States.

Tea Act

1774 - 1775

The Tea Act was one of the several measures that lead up the the Ameican Revoluonary War.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The revolutonary war was known as the American war of independence in the United States and gradually spread to a world war.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

The Declaration of Independence was a document that said the thirteen colonies are now independent and no longer part of the British Empire.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

The current constitution took effect on December 4, 1895. South Carolina has had six other constitutions.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

The Articles of Confederation was a agreement between 13 states established by the United States.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

The Battle of Kings Mountain was between the Patriots and the Loyalists.

Battle of Cadmen

1780 - 1781

The battle of Cadmen was a victory for the British in the South during the Revolutionary War.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

The Battle of Cowpens was a victory for the Contental Army Forces.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

The Battle of the Eutaw Springs was the last major battle of the Carolina's, during the Revoluonary War.

3/5 Compromise

1786 - 1787

The 3/5 Compromise was a compromise between northern and southern states and reached the Pheledelphia state convention in 1787.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

An agreement during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 protecting the interests of slaveholders by forbidding Congress the power to tax.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

The Great Compromise. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention came from different backgrounds and held different political views.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1794

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium. The fiber is almost pure cellulose.

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1865

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds.

Plantation System

1800 - 1820

The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808

The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a 32 mounts between the United Sates and British Empire.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Civil War.

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1832

The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency
of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The Abolitionist Movement was the immediate emancipation of all the slaves and the end to racial discrimination and segregation.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot.

“Total War”

1850 - 1900

Total war is a war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. It opened new lands for settlement and repealed the Missouri Compromise.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

Dred Scott first went to trial to sue for his freedom in 1847. Ten years later, after a decade of appeals and court reversals, his case was finally brought.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860. Abraham Lincoln won this election.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

Secession is the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or especially a political entity.

Ft Sumter

1861 - 1862

Fort Sumter is a fort located in Charelston Heabir, South Carolina. The first battle of the civil war took place their on April 12 & 13, 1861.

Creation of the confederate States of America

1861 - 1862

The Confederate States of America was created by secessionists in Southern slave states who refused to remain in a nation that they believed was turning on them.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War, also known as the War between the States was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865. The result was reconstruction and slavery was abolished.

Lincoln's Assassination

1865 - 1866

John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington.