Mid Term Timeline- SC State History

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The Eastern Woodland Indians were made up of many tribes such as the Powhatan, Mohawks, Iroqoius, and the Susquehanna. Most of the tribes belonged to a group called the Iroquois Nation.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1899

Triangle trade is term indicating trade among three ports or regions.The triangle trade was between England, Africa, and America over slaves, raw materials,and finished products.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1799

Mercantilism is the economic belief that government control of foreign trade is of extreme importance for ensuring the military security of the country.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was founded by spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón. It was the first European settlement in US territory, It only lasted three months of winter before being abandoned in early 1527.

Proprietary Colony

1600 - 1699

A proprietary colony was a colony in which one or more individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state's sanctions, retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state.

Slave Codes

1600 - 1800

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1981

The Royal Colony was a type of colonial administration of the English and later British Empire. Crown, or royal, colonies were ruled by a governor appointed by the Monarch.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The thirteen colonies were on the Atlantic coast of North America, they were founded by a variety of interests from England. The colonies were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1799

Rice and indigo was grown successfully in South Carolina. By the early 18th century, with the slave system established on a large scale, rice became a major export crop of the region. Because of the seasonal nature of rice and indigo, both crops could be grown using the same labor force.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yamasee War was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes like the Yemasse. The result of the Yemasse War was that the power of the Yamasee was broken, South Carolina colonists established uncontested control of the coast, the Catawba become the dominant tribe in the interior.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the Colonies prior to the American Revolution.

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

The French and Indian War is the American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years' War. The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France. The British won the war and the battle lead to the Treaty of Paris. The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven Years' War

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War. The Cherokee War was a victory for the British.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The British placed a tax on sugar, wine, and other important things. The British did this because they wanted more money; the British wanted this money to help provide more security for the colonies. The British also hoped that the act would force colonists to sell their goods to Britain as opposed to selling to other countries.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act 1765 was a imposed direct tax by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America, and it required that many printed materials such as legal documents, magazines, newspapers, etc in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The Regulator movement was the designation for two groups, one in South Carolina, the other in North Carolina, that tried to effect governmental changes

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

Denmark Vesey originally Telemaque, was an African-Caribbean who was most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States. He was enslaved in the Caribbean before being brought to the United States. After purchasing his freedom, he planned what would have been one of the largest slave rebellions in the United States.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. Its objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The American Revolutionary War, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent, The Colonies were fighting for independence from Britain. In the end America won independence against the British.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The Constitution of the State of South Carolina is the governing document of the U.S. state of South Carolina. It describes the structure and function of the state's government.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

The Articles of Confederation, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

Battle of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War. British forces under Lieutenant General Charles, Lord Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General Horatio Gates.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War, it was a major turning point in the war.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, and was the last major engagement of the war in the Carolinas. The battle resulted in a British tactical victory and an American strategic advantage.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The Battle of Cowpens was a decisive victory by Continental army forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America.The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court. The authors were the Philadelphia Convention, Signatories 39 of the 55 delegates, Purpose to replace the Articles of Confederation.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise refers to a compromise between the Northern and Southern States during the Constitutional Convention as to how the federal government could regulate commerce.The Commerce Compromise is when The Constitution allows the federal government to tax imports but not exports because Southerners and Northerners were feuding over the government's tariffs and the Commerce Compromise was born.

Great Compromise

1787

The great compromise was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1794

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, a job that otherwise must be performed painstakingly by hand. The fibers are processed into clothing or other cotton goods, and any undamaged seeds may be used to grow more cotton or to produce cottonseed oil and meal. Was the first modern mechanical cotton gin was created by American inventor Eli Whitney in 1793, and patented in 1794.

Plantation System

1800

Plantations System was a system of large-scale agriculture involving the cultivation of industrial and food crops, primarily tropical and subtropical ones, such as sugarcane, coffee, cacao, tea, rice, bananas, pineapples, tobacco, cotton, rubber trees, and indigo.

Cotton Trade

1800

Cotton is an enormously important commodity throughout the world. However, many farmers in developing countries receive a low price for their produce, or find it difficult to compete with developed countries. The cotton trade has also increased slavery in the south.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a 32-month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change, but a resolution of many issues which remained from the American War of Independence. The battle resulted in US invasions of British Canada repulsed; two of three British incursions into US territory repulsed: military stalemate,
Successful Royal Navy blockade of the US coastline; significant pressure on American economy; British and American merchants call for treaty negotiations
Defeat of Tecumseh's Indian confederacy; end of plans for independent Indian state.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.

Nullification Controversy

1832

The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls (April 5, 1839 – February 23, 1915) was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it to freedom beyond the Federal blockade.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1860

The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1868

The Dred Scott Decision, was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court. It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that people of African descent (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

A secessionist is one who joins in a secession or maintains that secession is a right.

Fort Sumter

1860 - 1861

Fort Sumter is a Third System masonry sea fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.[4][5] In 1966, the site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[

Election of 1860

1860 - 1864

The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.The election was between Abraham Lincoln and John C. Breckinridge, Abraham Lincoln was victorious.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederate States of America (CSA), also known as the Confederacy, was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States. The Confederacy recognized as members eleven states that had formally declared secession, two additional states with less formal declarations, and one new territory. The Confederacy was eventually defeated in the American Civil War against the Union.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War, also known as the War between the States or simply the Civil War (see naming), was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the United States (the "Union" or the "North") and several Southern slave states that had declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America (the "Confederacy" or the "South"). The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, and, after four years of bloody combat (mostly in the South), the Confederacy was defeated, slavery was abolished, and the difficult Reconstruction process of restoring unity and guaranteeing rights to the freed slaves began.

Port Royal

1861

The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet and United States Army expeditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, on November 7, 1861.

“Total War”

1864

Total war is a war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population.Its purpose was to eliminate food and supplies vital to the South's military operations, as well as to strike a blow at Southern civilian morale.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

The assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln took place on Good Friday,April 14, 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close. The assassination occurred five days after the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army of the Potomac. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated,though an unsuccessful attempt had been made on Andrew Jackson thirty years before in 1835. The assassination was planned and carried out by the well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth, as part of a larger conspiracy in a bid to revive the Confederate cause.