Amazing euro timeline yes!



1400 - 1600

Age of Exploration

1450 - 1600


1517 - 1600

scientific revolution/enlightenment

1550 - 1800


1600 - 1750

French Revolution

1789 - 1815

Reaction and romanticism

1815 - 1850


Concordat of Bologna

1/1/1516 - 12/31/1516

Under Francis I, made French king recognize Pope as power over church councils (b/c of conciliar movement) pope recognizes kings authority over french church

Catherine de medici

1559 - 1589

She was the mother of three incompetent sons and she was a very successful politique except for when she went and butchered all of the Huguenots on Bartholomew day.

St Bartholmews day massacre

january 1 1572 - December 31 1572

This was when catherine de medici decided to start slaughtering some Huguenots and the pope was so thrilled that he gave the messenger a bag of gold

Henry iv

1589 - 1610

Paris is well worth a mass. He was a Huguenot then switched to catholic to not die, then back to Huguenot to get support then to become king back to Catholic. he was a politque because he passed the edict of nantes and he was stabbed 41 times by some zealot

Louis xiii/ Richelieu

1610 - 1643

he turned power over to his cardinal richelieu because he was lazy, richelieu decided to create a french academy in order to standardize the french language and make a dictionary. Controlled the nobles brutally and took away their castles, allowed the Huguenots to practice but made them not have walls, hot pockets, finally he hated the hapsburgs so he did whatever was possible to be a thorn in their side

Thirty Years war

1618 - 1648

richelieu sent the french troops because he despises the hapsburgs, by the time this was over france was the strongest country in europe

Louis Xiv

1643 - 1715

He was a bro and had great shins I am the state, spent a ton of money on versailles and on dumb wars , controlled the nobles made them live in his cool palace, revoked edict of nantes hated Huguenots. Scared due to fronde

War of spanis succesion

1702 - 1713

it was all about some dummy in Spain named charles ii who gave up his throne to phillip of anjou who was louis' kin. This didnt work out to well because no one wanted this and France lost

Louis XV

1715 - 1774

Got it on with madame du pompadour and he adored rococco

Montesquieu spirit of the laws

January 1 1748 - December 31 1748

this was amazing because it said we should separate powers and have checks and balances. what?

Seven Years war

1756 - 1763

It was France vs england on the continent of america and guess what france lost. they do that a lot. on europe it was prussia and austria

voltaire candide

January 1 1759 - December 31 1759

he loved free speech basically he talked a lot and he hated the church said crush the thing.


January 1 1762 - december 31 1762

He wrote emile which was like go education and let them teach themselves teacher not neccesary. His other book the social contract talked about the general will which means the will of the people but not a democracy

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

his wife was marie antoinette otherwise known as madame deficit because she spent a lot of money. Louis was killed by the french for treason

American Revolution

1776 - 1783

France hated England so they decided to fight them and it bankrupted them.

national assembly/legislative assembly

1789 - 1791

Abee siyes wrote a book what is the third estate championing the poor what? assignats was money backed by the church, banned catholics, go reaso, and then decided to make france a constitutional monarchy

First French republic

1792 - 1795

the national convention was the next stage of the assembly with representatives, the committee of public safety decided what was safe for france and killed the rest. reign of terror killed people that were not french enough lol and the thermidorian reaction was the backlash and they killed robbespierre

Directory/ Oligarchy

1795 - 1799

this was made up of five people who ruled france, definition of oligarchy really,


1799 - 1815

concordat of 1801 said catholics are allowed to exist, pope had to say not head of the church, napoleonic code was enlightened because had equality under the law unless you are a woman or in a union, continental system was aimed against the British no one could trade with them, the penisular war was against the spanish who were just too good, the spanish ulcer, invaded russia everyone died, hundred days of 1815 came back to party then got beat down at waterloo bummer.

Louis xviii

1814 - 1824

louis xiv grandson and in the charter of 1814 constituition that kept napoleonic code and religion stuff but added chamber of deputes which was rep body

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

three goals reparations, balance of power and returning legitimate monarchs, france representative talleyrand and france treated leniently.

Charles x

1824 - 1830

he was conservative and the july ordinances were series of decrees that undid much of what louis xviii did and such. reactionary took away freedom of the press. people were pissed and revolted in july rev.

July Revolutions

January 1 1830 - December 31 1830

against charles x and in the barricades of the street mainly done with smashed furniture workers and middle class joined in to barricade.

Louis Phillipe

1830 - 1848

called the citizen king and his reign was know as july monarchy or middle class monarchy. he was different because he reduced prop qualifications and he abolished press censorship. he ignored the demands of the urban worker and that caused the february revolt.

second french republic

1848 - 1852

louis napoleon bonaparte was elected pres. all males could vote. unicameral legislature influenced by socialism

February Revolt

February 7 1848 - March 16 1848

They revolted against louis phillipe and provisonal coalition gov took over

Provisional government

march 1848 - may 1848

louis blanc was in charge of this gov and wanted national workshops they didnt work which sucks

June days

June 7 1848 - June 11 1848

rioting against the national workshops closing second french rep took over

Holy Roman Empire


1465 - 1500

he invented the printing press which is just solid and spread lots of ideas all around


1517 - 1518

He said oh ya catholic church are a bunch of jerks. you only need faith to be redeemed not the saints. priesthood of all believers is that you know what all can be redeemed through faith, equal in eyes of the lord. but govt very conservative

Charles V

1519 - 1556

called universal monarch got spain from maternal grandparents and hre from his other grandparents. Spain goes to son, hre goes to brother.

Diet of worms

1521 - 1522

This was called so that luther would recant, he refused to actually do this and went into hiding

German peasants revolt

1525 - 1526

They revolted using luthers priesthood of all believers luther said hold the phone you murderous and thieving horde

Council of trent

1545 - 1563

called by pope paul iii it was used to attempt to reform the catholic church. IT was pretty successful

Schmalcadilc war

1546 - 1548

Protestant trade league against catholic princes ends in peace of augsburg rule rchooses religion is some latin phrase

Peace of Augsburg

1555 - 1556

cuios religio cuios regio or something he who rules chooses

Thirty years war

1618 - 1648

It was the swedish against the hapsburgs of the HRE it started because of protestant v catholic in the hre and france came in just to fight the hapsburgs defenestration of prague

Peace of Westphalia

1648 - 1649

basically says freedom of religion except for jews in each country and the netherlands could be free of spain.

Confederation of the Rhine

1806 - 1815

broke up the hre into this

German Confederation

1815 - 1871

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

three goals were balance of power legitamacy and reperations, poland given to russia, and the concert of europe was something that attempted to maintain the balance of power


Battle of Vienna

1683 - 1684

The ottomans atacked vienna but the polish king sobieski saved the day


1690 - 1691

this was the system of work in austria which repressed the serfs, a labor tax, worked a while unpaid.

Charles VI

1711 - 1740

the pragmatic sanction was made so that maria theresa could inherit austria and no other hapsburgs grr. broken by frederick the second

Maria Theresa

1740 - 1780

Reformed stuff like lessened the robot and eased oppression of the serfs

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Frederick the second of prussia against maria theresa of austria and prussia ended up winning silesia

Seven Years war

1756 - 1763

Prussia against Austria and england won go figure

Joseph II

1765 - 1790

He was crazy didnt mind jews abolished serfdom takes control of church and reduces taxes mother was maria theresa


1777 - 1790

Center of music dancing congress etc


1821 - 1848

First chancellor bla bla he does the metternicht system which is a series of conservative political policies which help to keep down rebellions. The concert of europe was established to keep the balance of power in europe hated nationalism and liberalism. carlsbad decrees were restrictions placed upon the press universities, created secret police bla bla dictator

!848 Revolts

1848 - 1849

The people wanted a more liberal government, the govt becomes slightly more lenient but not enough, metternich flees, and frans joeseph walks in and crushes the rebellions


Frederick William I

1713 - 1740

soldier king because he loved soldiers and made a ballin military

Frederick william II

1740 - 1786

Enlightened reforms included easing of the serfs and tax reform he violated the pragmatic sanction and attacked austria seizing silesia.

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Austria against prussia and prussia kinda won because they received Silesia.

Seven years war

1756 - 1763

austria against prussia and engalnd wins yay

Johan Herder

1780 - 1790

magus of the north started sturm und drang movement, fostered new political thought, Treatise on the Origin of Language go german speakers. important to romanticism sparked german nationalism

Gross deutsch vs. kleine deutsch debate

1810 - 1820

big germany against a small germany. basically does austria get to be included and dominate this alliance or should prussia get to.

George Friederick Hegel

1830 - 1831

Created german idealism umm viewed history as that it repeated itself from thesis to anti thesis in a series on conflicts.

Frankfurt Assembly

1848 - 1849

They wanted the unification of germany basically a constitutional monarchy with a parlimentary elected offical body. They offered the crown to frederick wilhelm iv but he turned it down viewing it as a dirt crown since not offered by the princes


political organization: multiple city states
humanism: humans are in the form of god therefore we can do whatever we want and are awesomely powerful

Early Renaissance

1450 - 1500

this renaissance began in florence italy. yay

Prestige of Florence

1460 - 1470

ruled by lorenzo de medici and it was powerful because lorenzo sponsored the arts and sciences in order to increase his prestige

Cesare Borgia

1476 - 1507

He was the son of pope alexander vi and he was admired by machiavelli because he attempted to unify italy

Lorenzo de Medici

1478 - 1492

he was the ruler of florence obviously powerful member of the family

Friar Savonarola

1494 - 1498

This guy ruled florence after kicking out the medicis but then they hated him and killed him

High Renaissance

1500 - 1527

This was in Rome because it was ballin.



This says do whatever it takes in order to maintain power, better to be feared than loved mu hahah

End of Italian Renaissance


IT ended when ludvico il moro invited charles V to invade italy bummer



This says that the ideal renaissance man should be good at everything



This said that the earth revolved around the son and this was not well received placed under house arrest forever

Cesare Beccaria


We should treat prisoners humanly and give them actual rights

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

three goals are once again balance of power reparations and legitimate monarchs much of italy given to austria



this was the push for italian unification three groups were young italy:democracy. Neo gulfs or whatever: theocracy. Sardinia: constitutional monarchy

Giuseppe Mazzini


He was the leader of young italy important italian thinker in the push for unification and he wanted unification and democracy



the unification movements were unsuccesful due to the fact that all groups wanted a different objective