Under Francis I, made French king recognize Pope as power over church councils (b/c of conciliar movement) pope recognizes kings authority over french church
She was the mother of three incompetent sons and she was a very successful politique except for when she went and butchered all of the Huguenots on Bartholomew day.
This was when catherine de medici decided to start slaughtering some Huguenots and the pope was so thrilled that he gave the messenger a bag of gold
Paris is well worth a mass. He was a Huguenot then switched to catholic to not die, then back to Huguenot to get support then to become king back to Catholic. he was a politque because he passed the edict of nantes and he was stabbed 41 times by some zealot
he turned power over to his cardinal richelieu because he was lazy, richelieu decided to create a french academy in order to standardize the french language and make a dictionary. Controlled the nobles brutally and took away their castles, allowed the Huguenots to practice but made them not have walls, hot pockets, finally he hated the hapsburgs so he did whatever was possible to be a thorn in their side
richelieu sent the french troops because he despises the hapsburgs, by the time this was over france was the strongest country in europe
He was a bro and had great shins I am the state, spent a ton of money on versailles and on dumb wars , controlled the nobles made them live in his cool palace, revoked edict of nantes hated Huguenots. Scared due to fronde
it was all about some dummy in Spain named charles ii who gave up his throne to phillip of anjou who was louis' kin. This didnt work out to well because no one wanted this and France lost
Got it on with madame du pompadour and he adored rococco
this was amazing because it said we should separate powers and have checks and balances. what?
It was France vs england on the continent of america and guess what france lost. they do that a lot. on europe it was prussia and austria
he loved free speech basically he talked a lot and he hated the church said crush the thing.
He wrote emile which was like go education and let them teach themselves teacher not neccesary. His other book the social contract talked about the general will which means the will of the people but not a democracy
his wife was marie antoinette otherwise known as madame deficit because she spent a lot of money. Louis was killed by the french for treason
France hated England so they decided to fight them and it bankrupted them.
Abee siyes wrote a book what is the third estate championing the poor what? assignats was money backed by the church, banned catholics, go reaso, and then decided to make france a constitutional monarchy
the national convention was the next stage of the assembly with representatives, the committee of public safety decided what was safe for france and killed the rest. reign of terror killed people that were not french enough lol and the thermidorian reaction was the backlash and they killed robbespierre
this was made up of five people who ruled france, definition of oligarchy really,
concordat of 1801 said catholics are allowed to exist, pope had to say not head of the church, napoleonic code was enlightened because had equality under the law unless you are a woman or in a union, continental system was aimed against the British no one could trade with them, the penisular war was against the spanish who were just too good, the spanish ulcer, invaded russia everyone died, hundred days of 1815 came back to party then got beat down at waterloo bummer.
louis xiv grandson and in the charter of 1814 constituition that kept napoleonic code and religion stuff but added chamber of deputes which was rep body
three goals reparations, balance of power and returning legitimate monarchs, france representative talleyrand and france treated leniently.
he was conservative and the july ordinances were series of decrees that undid much of what louis xviii did and such. reactionary took away freedom of the press. people were pissed and revolted in july rev.
against charles x and in the barricades of the street mainly done with smashed furniture workers and middle class joined in to barricade.
called the citizen king and his reign was know as july monarchy or middle class monarchy. he was different because he reduced prop qualifications and he abolished press censorship. he ignored the demands of the urban worker and that caused the february revolt.
louis napoleon bonaparte was elected pres. all males could vote. unicameral legislature influenced by socialism
They revolted against louis phillipe and provisonal coalition gov took over
louis blanc was in charge of this gov and wanted national workshops they didnt work which sucks
rioting against the national workshops closing second french rep took over
he invented the printing press which is just solid and spread lots of ideas all around
He said oh ya catholic church are a bunch of jerks. you only need faith to be redeemed not the saints. priesthood of all believers is that you know what all can be redeemed through faith, equal in eyes of the lord. but govt very conservative
called universal monarch got spain from maternal grandparents and hre from his other grandparents. Spain goes to son, hre goes to brother.
This was called so that luther would recant, he refused to actually do this and went into hiding
They revolted using luthers priesthood of all believers luther said hold the phone you murderous and thieving horde
called by pope paul iii it was used to attempt to reform the catholic church. IT was pretty successful
Protestant trade league against catholic princes ends in peace of augsburg rule rchooses religion is some latin phrase
cuios religio cuios regio or something he who rules chooses
It was the swedish against the hapsburgs of the HRE it started because of protestant v catholic in the hre and france came in just to fight the hapsburgs defenestration of prague
basically says freedom of religion except for jews in each country and the netherlands could be free of spain.
broke up the hre into this
three goals were balance of power legitamacy and reperations, poland given to russia, and the concert of europe was something that attempted to maintain the balance of power
The ottomans atacked vienna but the polish king sobieski saved the day
this was the system of work in austria which repressed the serfs, a labor tax, worked a while unpaid.
the pragmatic sanction was made so that maria theresa could inherit austria and no other hapsburgs grr. broken by frederick the second
Reformed stuff like lessened the robot and eased oppression of the serfs
Frederick the second of prussia against maria theresa of austria and prussia ended up winning silesia
Prussia against Austria and england won go figure
He was crazy didnt mind jews abolished serfdom takes control of church and reduces taxes mother was maria theresa
Center of music dancing congress etc
First chancellor bla bla he does the metternicht system which is a series of conservative political policies which help to keep down rebellions. The concert of europe was established to keep the balance of power in europe hated nationalism and liberalism. carlsbad decrees were restrictions placed upon the press universities, created secret police bla bla dictator
The people wanted a more liberal government, the govt becomes slightly more lenient but not enough, metternich flees, and frans joeseph walks in and crushes the rebellions
soldier king because he loved soldiers and made a ballin military
Enlightened reforms included easing of the serfs and tax reform he violated the pragmatic sanction and attacked austria seizing silesia.
Austria against prussia and prussia kinda won because they received Silesia.
austria against prussia and engalnd wins yay
magus of the north started sturm und drang movement, fostered new political thought, Treatise on the Origin of Language go german speakers. important to romanticism sparked german nationalism
big germany against a small germany. basically does austria get to be included and dominate this alliance or should prussia get to.
Created german idealism umm viewed history as that it repeated itself from thesis to anti thesis in a series on conflicts.
They wanted the unification of germany basically a constitutional monarchy with a parlimentary elected offical body. They offered the crown to frederick wilhelm iv but he turned it down viewing it as a dirt crown since not offered by the princes
political organization: multiple city states
humanism: humans are in the form of god therefore we can do whatever we want and are awesomely powerful
this renaissance began in florence italy. yay
ruled by lorenzo de medici and it was powerful because lorenzo sponsored the arts and sciences in order to increase his prestige
He was the son of pope alexander vi and he was admired by machiavelli because he attempted to unify italy
he was the ruler of florence obviously powerful member of the family
This guy ruled florence after kicking out the medicis but then they hated him and killed him
This was in Rome because it was ballin.
This says do whatever it takes in order to maintain power, better to be feared than loved mu hahah
IT ended when ludvico il moro invited charles V to invade italy bummer
This says that the ideal renaissance man should be good at everything
This said that the earth revolved around the son and this was not well received placed under house arrest forever
We should treat prisoners humanly and give them actual rights
three goals are once again balance of power reparations and legitimate monarchs much of italy given to austria http://www.alternatehistory.com/discussion/attachment.php?attachmentid=138083&stc=1&d=1303441551
this was the push for italian unification three groups were young italy:democracy. Neo gulfs or whatever: theocracy. Sardinia: constitutional monarchy
He was the leader of young italy important italian thinker in the push for unification and he wanted unification and democracy
the unification movements were unsuccesful due to the fact that all groups wanted a different objective