These series of legislations addressed slavery and the boundaries of territories that were acquired during the Mexican-American war. California became a free state; Texas received financial compensation; New Mexico was organized with popular sovereignty; the slave trade was abolished in DC.
Fugitive Slave Act
A law instituted which made it a illegal to help runaway slaves. If a person was convicted they would face up to 6 months in prison and a $1,000 fine. This motioned people to help capture any runaway slaves.
The political theory that began in the government which subjected the will of the people to it. Votes were issued on whether or not slavery would be permitted in newly organized territory.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This was a novel which highly influenced England's view on America's southern slavery policies. The novel promoted abolition and intensified sectional conflict.
1854 - 1861
A series of violent events involving abolitions and those who supported slavery. These events took place in Kansas-Nebraska territory. The dispute strained relations between North and South further.
A bill organized by Douglas which divided the new territory into two states: Nebraska and Kansas. Through popular sovereignty it would be likely for Kansas to become a slave state which would satisfy the South
Dred Scott decision
Missouri slave who was sued for his freedom. The supreme court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was considered property, not a citizen. This court decision portrayed slaves out to be property and was constitutional.
Lincoln Douglass debates
Seven debates which were between Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas for a place in the senate. These debates led to Lincoln being elected to the senate and would further him into presidency in 1860.
J. Browns Raid on Harper Ferry
John Brown, an armed slave led this revolt by seizing a US arsenal at Harpers Ferry to make a stand to end slavery. Though the revolt failed and him and his men were defeated.
His election led to the South seceding due to Lincoln's agenda in abolishing slavery. His presidency was what leaded into the Civil War over the conflicts of sectionalism between the North and the South.