Irish satirist. Author of 'A Modest Proposal,' and 'Gulliver's Travels.' Generally writing mockingly against a wide assortment of subjects.
"All we know of the world is sense-based knowledge; all sense-based knowledge of matter is really knowledge of ideas of matter... to be is to be perceived; what appears to be in the physical universe is really only our idea of matter... all ideas reside, ultimately, in God's mind.
English satirist and poet
Born into a Presbyterian family at Wantage, Berkshire, England. Died in Bath, Somerset, England.
French satirist. Popularizes views of Isaac Newton and John Locke. Endorses key values of enlightenment.
Hume begins in empiricism but ends in skepticism. We can know nothing of cause and effect or any of the laws and principles that guide nature.
the social contract; "the supposed agreement among citizens and their rulers as to their mutual obligations."
Penn, a Quaker, was arrested several times for his practices in Anglican England. He is given a tract of land from King Charles II as a repayment of debt owed to Penn's father. Penn's colony affords provisions for religious toleration as well as various other freedoms to other groups.
a.k.a. the revolution of 1688. William III and Mary II take the throne of england from King James II.
Parliament draws up the Declaration of Right detailing the unconstitutional acts of King James II. James' daughter and her husband, his nephew, become joint sovereigns of Britain as King William III and Queen Mary II. Parliament passes the Bill of Rights. Toleration Act grants rights to Trinitarian Protestant dissenters.
An organization in which anglican missionaries promoted Christianity to slaves
Succeeded by his sister in law, Queen Anne.
Succeeded by the Elector George of Hanover, King George I.
Characterized by "sunlit landscapes and the idyllic entertainments of the aristocrats. In interior design, brightly painted walls, gilded curves, floral splay and fanciful shells created light, airy environments." This is contrasted with the "dark, dramatic themes of the Baroque period."
Opens in Edinburgh; "Gulliver's Travels" published the same year.
Occurring in English colonial America. Important to consider in understanding its role in undermining ecclesiastical authority while emphasizing a personal, immediate, and intense connection with God. Really, the "end" is a little ambiguous, but the program doesn't allow me to do "1760's ish"
wife of King George II
John & Charles Wesley
Student at Jones' Academy. Butler was sent here in preparation for the Presbyterian ministry, but later moves towards Anglicanism.
Student at Oriel College; Butler is moved here by his father after Joseph decides to follow after the Church of England rather than the Presbyterian church.
Chancery Lane, London
Served as chaplain until the Queen's death in 1737
Bristol was one of the poorest sees and Bishop is said to have "expressed some displeasure in accepting it."
Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in London
One of the richest bishoprics, served until his death.
Fifteen Sermons Preached at the Rolls Chapel Upon the following Subjects. Upon Humane Nature. Upon the Government of the Tongue. Upon Compassion. Upon the
Character of Balaam. Upon Resentment. Upon Forgiveness of Injuries. Upon SelfDeceit. Upon the Love of our Neighbour. Upon the Love of God. Upon the Ignorance of Man. By Joseph Butler, L.L.B. Preacher at the Rolls, and Rector of Stanhope in the Bishoprick of Durham. London: Printed by W. Botham, for James and John Knapton, 1726, 312p.
Several editions reprinted of the work, some posthumously.
The Analogy of Religion, natural and revealed, to the constitution and course of nature. To Which are Added, Two Brief Dissertations: I. Of personal identity. II. Of the nature of virtue. London, printed for James, John and Paul Knapton, 1736, x, 11-320p
A Charge deliver'd to the Clergy, at the primary visitation of the Diocese of Durham, in the year, MDCCLI. Durham, I. Lane, 1751, 29p