Civil Rights in the United States

Civil Rights Events

1857 Dred Scott Case

1857

Dred Scott

1857 The Supreme Court rules in the Dred Scott case that slaves do not become free when taken into a free state, that Congress cannot bar slavery from a territory and that blacks cannot become citizens.

1863 Emancipation Procolamation

1863

1863 President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation freeing "all slaves in areas still in rebellion."

1865 Civil War Ends

1865

Ku Klux Klan

1871

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1896

Plessy

1896 The Supreme Court approves the "separate but equal" segregation doctrine.

Ku Klux Klan Demonstrates Publicly

1925

1925 In its first national demonstration the Ku Klux Klan marches on Washington, D.C.

Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, KS

1954

Rosa Parks

1955

Rosa Parks Bus

Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to move to the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. A boycott follows, and the bus segregation ordinance is declared unconstitutional.The Federal Interstate Commerce Commission bans segregation on interstate trains and buses.

Little Rock Nine

1957

1957 Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus uses the National Guard to block nine black students from attending Little Rock High School. Following a court order, President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to allow the black students to enter the school.

Supreme Court rules in Transportation Facilities

1962

The Supreme Court rules that segregation is unconstitutional in all transportation facilities.

James Meredith attends the University of Mississippi

1962

1962

President Kennedy sends federal troops to the University of Mississippi to end riots so that James Meredith, the school's first black student, can attend.

Integration in the Department of Defense

1962

The Department of Defense orders complete integration of military reserve units, excluding the National Guard.

Medgar Evans

1963

Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is killed by a sniper's bullet.

Bombing in Birmingham, AL

1963

A church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, leaves four young black girls dead.

"I Have A Dream" speech

1963

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech to hundreds of thousands at the March on Washington, D.C.

Civil Right's Act

1964

Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, declaring discrimination based on race illegal.

What Was Going On at the Time

Jim Crow Laws

1870 - 1920

World War I

July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918

World War II

1939 - 1945

Vietnam War

1959 - 1975

JFK Jr.'s Presidency

January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963

Amendments to the US Constitution

13th Amendment is Ratified

1865

14th Amendment

1868

1868 The 14th Amendment, which requires equal protection under the law to all persons, is ratified.

14th Amendment

15th Amendment

1870

1870 The 15th Amendment, which bans racial discrimination in voting, is ratified.

15th Amendment

24th Amendment

1964

The 24th Amendment abolishes the poll tax, which originally had been established in the South after Reconstruction to make it difficult for poor blacks to vote.