South Carolina TimeLine

Main

Eastern WoodLand Indians

1000 - 1400

The Indians in the Eastern Woodland Culture lived east of the Plains Indians. At that time much of the land between the Mississippi River and the east coast was covered with forest.

Triangle Slave Trade

1450 - 1750

The best-known triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave trade, that operated from the late 16th to early 19th centuries, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North America.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

Mercantilism is an economic system that dominated the major European trading nations during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. This “mercantile system” was based on the premise that national wealth and power were best served by increasing exports and collecting precious metals in return

San Miguel de Gualdape

1562 - 1564

.San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settle meant inside what is now United States territory, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526

Plantation system

1600 - 1700

A system which is based on agricultural mass production

Proprietary colony

1625 - 1652

A proprietary colony was a colony in which one or more individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state’s sanctions, retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state, and in all cases eventually became so.

Slave Code

1650 - 1712

were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters

Port Royal

1660 - 1730

Port Royal is a Lowcountry town in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Rice was grown successfully in South Carolina as early as 1680. By the early 18th century, with the slave system established on a large scale, rice became a major export crop of the region

13 English Colonies

1697 - 1733

were some of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America. The Declaration of Independence announced that the 13 English colonies in North America were a sovereign nation: the United States of America.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes, including the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba…..etc

Stono rebellion

1739 - 1740

The stono rebellion was a slave rebellion that commenced on September 9th 1739. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution.

The French And Indian War

1754 - 1763

The American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years’ War. The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War. The British and the Cherokee had been allies at the start of the war, but each party had suspected the other of betrayals

Sugar Act

1763 - 1776

It was an increase on taxes in the colonies. The colonists were very unhappy about these taxes.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

North and South Carolina uprising, in which citizens took up arms against corrupt colonial officials.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

It required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper made in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies.

Sons Of Liberty

1765

A group of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government.

Tea Act

1773

Great Britain was in a lot of debt and they has a surplus of tea, so they started over pricing the tea in the colonies to help pays off their debt.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The war that the American colonists and Great Britain fought. The Americans won, and we are now free from Britain.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The document that the United States sent to Great Britain to declare our independence.

South Carolina Constitution 1776

1776

It’s much like the U.S. constitution. It said that South Carolina free from Britain and part of the United States

Articles of Confederation

1777

An agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

This battle was a failure to the Americans but a great victory for British. Even though the colonists outnumbered them 2-1.

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7, 1780

This was a major win for the patriots after the British leader died the rest surrender but were killed in cold blood.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

It was an American win. It was a turning point in the war of gaining back control of South Carolina from the British.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

The Americans won the battle after taking all of Britians supplies.

3/5 compromise

1787

That every five slaves count for three people

Great Compromise

1787

It was the agreement between the states to have a dual congress. The House of Representatives, and the Senate

Commerce Compromise

August 29, 1787

Constitution allows tax imports but not exports

Constitution

September 17, 1787

The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the Unites States of America. Iit was signed by the constitutional convention in Philedelphia, Pennsylvania.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1860

With the help of cotton gin, cotton was at an all time high during this time

Cotton Gin

March 14, 1794

is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds

Total War

1800

During the 1800s this type of warfare was just starting to be used. The U.S. army used it during the civil war. Its when you take away all the other sides resources and take no mercy.

Embargo Act

1807

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized because of the war between the French and British navies.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

In the war of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, the cause was the restriction of the U.S. trade.

Wiliam T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

He was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Nullification Controversy

1830

The Nullification Crisis arose in the early 1830s when leaders of South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal aw and could in effect, “nullify” the law.

Abolitionists Movement

1830

Movement to end slavery and free the blacks.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

He was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship’s pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Dred Scott Decision

1847

Dred Scott went to trial to sue for his freedom. His trial eventually got to the Supreme Court, and they ruled that slaves are not U.S. citizens, so they cannot sue.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

Secessionist

1860

The withdrawal of 11 Southern states from the Union in 1860-1861, precipitating the U.S. Civil War.

Creation of The Confederate States of America

1861

The creation of the confederate states of America was in response to the election of Licoln.

Fort Sumter

1861

Confederates demanded the union surrender the fort they refused starting the civil war.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1882

Slaves were going to revolt against their masters but word got out and it failed.