HERE IS THE GREATEST TIMELINE EVER CREATED BY THE HANDS OF MAN
Here it is.
Issued by King Francis I, it said that France is Cathloci as long as it recognized the Pope.
Catherine had to rule as regent for her two incompetent sons om France and was not successful as a politique.
Catherine de Medici ordered the Hugunots, who were gathered in Paris for Henry of Navarre's wedding to be slaughtered. Pope laughed.
His famous quote was "Paris is well worth a mass." He was a flip flop on religion because he converted to catholicism to appease majority of France. His Edict Nantes gave huegonots freedom in their on fortified settlements. He was a politique because he allowed them to be huegonots who were protestants. He was killed in his carriage by a religious zealot.
Louis XIII turned power to his minister Carnidal richelieu who basically ran europe. He opened the French academy to further education and standardize the language (dictionary). He controlled nobles by taking away a lot of their rights and kicking them out of their castles. He dealt with the Hapsburgs by sending support for the Hapsburg's enemy during the 30 years war. And fof the Huegonots he took down their fortified settlements.
Richilieu sends French troops so they can fight against the Hapsburgs because he doesn't like them. "By the time this is over, France will be the strongest country in Europe."
"I am the state!" He spent a lot of money on versailles and revoked the edict of nantes and lost a big tax base. He was not religiously tolerant.He was very good at controlling nobles.
In this war Charles gave his throne to Phillip of Anjous who was Louis' grandson, so the war was to keep the thrones of spain and france from uniting into one big super country. Everyone but france one.
Madame du Pompador was his famous mistress and his art was ROCOCCO
Voltaire was a huge believer in free speech, and hated the church.
Austria and Prussia fought eachother on continent over territory. Off continent, Austria's alies France and Russi fought prussias allies which were britain. PR AND BR ARE WINNERS! Treaty of Paris no major changes inn Europe off continent britain gets france's colonies.
In his book he talked about seperation of powers and checks and balances. He also thought climate affected government.
In Social Contract, he talked about the will of the people and how that is trusted in the hands of governemtn and that is their big concern. In his book emile he believed in naturalistic education and thought the only job of a teacher was to make sure kids didn't get hurt. It was against the time because it was based on decisions that were on instinct and impulse.
He was timid, shy, weak and not fit to be a king. His wife was maria antoinette and people hated her because she want french and she was very self indulgent. He was killed and people went crazy.
The French helped America because they wanted to get at Britain and try to weaken them. It totally bankrupted France and helped spark revolutionary attitudes.
Abee Sieyes wrote the book "What is the Third Estate?" This book wrote of the Thrid Estate and how it was very important and was under represented. Assignats were the paper money that was to be used under the national assembly. Used to fight the national debt. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was issued in 1790 and restrained and controlled the Catholic Church in France. The Constitution of 1791 was a short lived document that was the first written in France after the collapse of the Monarchy.
The National Convention was the prime legislative assembly for the first few years of the Republic. They were very cruel and were partly responsible for the Reign of Terror. The Committee of Public Safety was created by the National Convention and was overseeing the military and propaganda operations. Small group of men lead that assembly. The Reign of Terror was a period of violence that included countless executions of those deemed enemies to the republic. The Thermidorian reaction was one that was to the Maximillian Robspierre and his excessive violence during the reign of terror.
The Directory took over after the National Convention and was a five member group. Fell because it relied too heavily on the military as well as a lot of deaths. It was overthrown by Napoleon and he took over in the coup of 18 Brumaire and turned it into an oliogarchy although he had the power.
The Concordat of 1801 made the Catholic Church the main church of France again, but the power was more Napoleon's than the Pope's. The Napoleonic Code of 1804 was enlightened because it granted rights to more people while instituting a fair legal system. Except for women. The Continental System was a way of economic warfare with Britain which did not allowed trade with them and trade was only allowed in the continent and wasn't successful. The Peninsular War was an occupation of Spain by France and was marked by guerilla warfare and eventually defeated France. The Invasion of Russia was the ground war fought with Russia due to the Czar's refusal to use the system that Napoleon wanted to implement. It was a huge failure and caused Napoleon's downfall. Hundred Days was Napoleon's return to power after exile that lasted one hundred days, and was defeated at Waterloo in 1815 and finally exiled.
This guy was Louis XVI's brother. The charter of 1814 was important because it required Louis XVIII to craft a constitution before he was king.
The 3 goals of the congress of Vienna was to restore the Monarchy, establish old boundaries, and......
France's representative was Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord. France wasn't treated terribly!
Charles the tenth (Charles X) was more conservative due to some of his policies dealing with the nobility and clergy. The July Ordinances were a series of decrees that deprived many of voting rights and dissolved parliament and so on. People hated it and revolted.
The July Revolutions were against king Charles X. The barricades were set up in the streets of Paris against French troops. The people of France revolted.
Known as the Citizen King.
Louis Blanc was a member of the provisional government as well as a socialist. He wanted government to be more active and help the people. He wanted cooperatives and the government to make workshops and for a time it was actually a success.
It was against Louis Phillipe. It became a Republic.
In June, these were a series of uprisings staged by the workers of France. They were rioting against plans to close the national workshops. A new constitutional government was set up.
It was a republic. Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte was in charge. Mostly men could vote.
Here is the timeline of the Holy Roman empire. Cool stuff.
He was super important because he, aliong with a few others, invented the printing press which allowed for mass production of the written word.
Luther's idea of salvation through faith said that if you truly believed in god then you'd go to heaven, so no predestination. The idea of the Priesthood of all believers was that everyone could belive in god and that you didn't have to be special or anything. He did believe in sterong government and didnt like peasants.
He was known as the Universal Monarch. He got so much land because he was king of Spain from his mom's side and the Holy Roman Empire from his dad's side. After he retired from the throne, he split his holdings with his son phillip and his brother Ferdinand got all the Holy Roman Empire stuff.
In this Diet the king Charles V confronted Marttin Luther and all of the clergy or whaterver asked him to recant his teachings and bliefs and he said NO.
These guys used luther's beliefs like priesthood of all believers to get all riled up about equality and being mistreated and Luther was not happy about this and said peasants shouldn't do stupid stuff like that.
These guys got together to reform the cathlic church and get back followers, and it was moderatley successful.
League of Augsburg fought the Catholic Princes. League of Augsburg pretty much won and then the Peace of Augsburg happened. SWEET.
The princes could choose between protestantism or catholicism. No calvanists. Queos Regio Ous Regalo?
Protestant vs Catholic at first, but then it became everyone against the Hapsburgs. It started at the Defenistration of PRAGUE. The French got invlved to DEFEAT THE HAPSBURGS
The religious settlement of the peace of westphalia included calvanism. And it recognized the DUTCH
The three goals are THIS: Restore the old monarchies, balance of power, and war reperations. For Poland and the Congress of Vienna, Poland gets DIVIDED between Poland Austria and Prussia. The Concert of Europe was a system of checks and balances post Napoleon Europe.
"What killed the dinosaurs? THE ICE AGE." -Austria's finest, Arnold Schwarzenaager
These were people who had to do crazy amounts of manuel labor. This was a tax placed on them that was determined by how much they worked. BUMMER
In 1528 this man publishes the Bokk of the Courtier. In this book, he describes what the ideal Reannaissance man whould be. It spoke of being chivalrous and talented. The book was a big success and influence.
The Ottoman Empire attacked Austria's city Vienna, and Poland came to save the day!
The city was a center of music. Good for them.
Pragmatic Sanction put Maria Theresa in charge of Austria.
Maria Theresa's enlughtened reforms included reduced the robot and imrpoved serf living conditions.
In the war, the issue was obver Maria Theresa's legitamacy as a successor to the austrian throne, so Prussia attacked and europe got riled up. Austria wins!
Joseph II's mom was Maria Theresa. MOOOMMMMMMMM!
He freed the serfs, as well as took control of church and gave religious freedom! Even to the JEWS!!!!!! Reduction of taxes.
The Metternich System was a series of political and religious censorship in his country while suppressing nationalist movements. The Carlsbad decrees were issued in the German Confederation to keep down any revolutionary movements. The Concert of Europe was a series of meetings between eauropean powers after the Congress of Vienna just to make sure everything was going alright.
The people wanted civil liberties like napoleonic code. Another would be the idea of a unified germany. They wanted ALL of the states together. Government was slightly more liberal. SLIGHTLY.Franz Joseph comes in and CRUSHES THE REVOLT.
Frederick William the first is named the soldier king BECAUSE he is obsessed with the military and creates a great one. Weird dude.
Frederick the second had all kinds of enlightened reforms like ending serfdom and modernized bureaucracy and civil service. Patron of the arts. nFrederick was doing the pragmatic sanction stuff in terms of him taking silesia from austria.
In the war, the issue was obver Maria Theresa’s legitamacy as a successor to the austrian throne, so Prussia attacked and europe got riled up. Austria wins!
Austria and Prussia fought eachother on continent over territory. Off continent, Austria’s alies France and Russi fought prussias allies which were britain. PR AND BR ARE WINNERS! Treaty of Paris no major changes inn Europe off continent britain gets france’s colonies.
He is an enlightnened author and is important because of his works in philosphy, the arts, and sturm and drang. Also German Nationalism.
This was a debate over the best way to unify germany. Austria wanted the unification with Auistria included.
Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences.
This book spoke of history and how history is defined y the actions of great men. GREAT MEN.
They wanted German Unification and fair contistution. Basic Rights, etc.....
They offered the crown to Frederick the Fourth. He declined the crown.He said it was a "Crown from the Gutter". RUDE
Florence is where it all begannnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn
Italy was organized into independent city-states.
The Medicis ruled Florence and were very powerful due to their established banker history.
He was an illigitamate son of Pope Alexander and really really wanted to unite all of Italy. He was not successful.
Lorenzo de Medici was the ruler of florence at this time and was the greatest patron of the arts.
THIS GUY GOT THE PEOPLE OF FLORENCE TO KICK OUT THE MEDICIS.He was responsible for the bonfire of the manatees. The people soon realized how not fire we was and they killed him. Flroence suffered.
Humanism is the belief of the beauty and power of man and a celebration of life.
The High Renaisaance took place in ROMEEEEEEEEE
In this year Machiaveli published the highly influentia l book "The Prince". This book spoke of how rulers should be ruthless and practical in their rulings.
The Rennaissance ended when France invaded Italy by Charles the Fifth.
This book stated that he proved that the sun was the center of the solar system, not the earth. It was not well recieved by the Catholic church at all and was forced to recant.
In this year this man published a book called On Crime and Punishment. The book spoke opf fair treatment of criminals and prisoners.
Risorgimento wanted unification fo Italy. Young Italy, the Sardinians, and the Neo Geulfs all were trying to get unification.
The three goals of the Congress were to restore old monarchies, balance of power, compensation for war loss. Italy was still not united and Austria got some of it.
This man was in charge of a group knwon as Young Italy, and they wanted democracy. He was a fighter for unification and freedom!
The unification movements proved largely unssucessful due to lack of organization in groups.