Social-Studies Midterm

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

Native Americans who lived in the south portion of the United States before the Europeans came.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

A historical term stating trade between three ports/regions.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First settlement from the Europeans in the United States.

Proprietary Colony

1600

Any North American colony that own more than one estate has full governmental rights.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The begining of the United States. They were on the Atlantic Coast.

Royal Colony

1624

Colony administrated by royal governor appointed by the British

Mercantilism

1637

Economic theory that trade builds wealth and government should encourage by protectionism. 1637 was the peck of mercantilism.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1833

South Carolina made a slave code in 1712 based on the English slave codes in 1688.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Conflict between the British

Stono Rebellion

1739

Slave rebellion. Largest slave rebellion in the British mainland. September 9, 1739.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Fought between the British Americans and New France. - Seven Years' War

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

A conflict between the British, the American, Cherokee.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1763 - 1783

The indigo was needed for its blue dye and the was responsible for slave uprising.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Revenue-raising act passed by the Parlaiment of Great Britian. An act for granting duties in the British colonies.

Stamp Act

1765

It was passed by the British Parliament on March 22, 1765. It stated that all American colonist had to pay a tax on all printed paper.

Sons of Liberty

1765

A group of shopkeepers and artisans who called themselves The Loyal Nine.They were going against the Stamp Act. As the group got bigger they came to be known as the Sons of Liberty.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

An uprising that was started by the North and South Carolina. People started an attack on the colonial officials.

Tea Act

1773

It was passed by the Parliament on March 10, 1773. They were trying to get a lot of the tea that East Indian had. Which rose tax. It ended in December of 1773 because they people threw 342 cheats of tea into the harbour.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

It was many battles held between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies and gradually led into a war. They fought because the British was trying to pass more laws to get more control but the Americans didn't like it.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was drafted by Thomas Jefferson on June the 11 through the 28, 1776. It was made to show liberty for every person.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

South Carolina got independence for Great Britian four months before the Continental Congress declared independence and five months before South Carolina learned about the declaration.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

It was a battle between the Patriots and the Loyalists. (Patriots were defense). It happened at a campaign for the american Revolutionary War. This took place October 7, 1780 nine malis away from what we call Kings Mountain today, in Royal York town South Carolina.

Battle of Camden

1780

It was a battle won by the British. The fought as result of the British capture of Charlestown in May of 1780. On April 16, 1780.

Articles of Confederation

1781

It was an agreement between the 13 colonies, that sovereign states and was its first constitution.

The Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

It was a battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was the last major battle fought in the Carolinas.

The Battle of Cowpens

1781

It was a victory for the Continental army forces. It was a turning point on the reconquest of South Carolina from the British.

Great Copromise

1787

It was a compromise that joined the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan.

Commerce Copromise

1787

Northerners wanted to restrict foreign competition so they could get raw goods and finished products by taxing imports and exports.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between the Southern and the Northern states that happened during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. It said that 3/5 of the slave population was to be counted for representation purposes regarding the distribution of taxes and the apportionment for the Members of the House of Representatives.

Constitution

1789

The first three Articles of the Constitution established the rules and separation of the three federal branches; legislature, bicameral congress and an executive branch. The executive branch is run by the President and the judiciary led by the Supreme Court.The last four articles are about federalism.

Cotton Gin

1793

It was created by Eli Whitney. It pulled out the seeds and tore apart cotton. It was also one of the main reasons why slavery became popular.

Plantation System

1800

It was land that was split up to private owners. This is known as the plantation system.

Cotton Trade

1800 - 1860

It was a policy that meant America had to hold cotton from European markets in the hopes of including either foreign intervention or at the least making recognition of the fledgling Confederacy.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

It was made in response to violations that happened to the U.S. American merchants and all their cargo was captured by the European navies.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

It was a conflict between the United States and the British Empire. The conflict lasted 32 months, it resulted in no territorial change but resolved many issues that were from the American War of Independence.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

He was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. He was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

The plot was that Vesey and a group of slaves and some free blacks to execute their enslavers and to temporarily liberate Charleston.

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1832

It was a national debate over federal versus state authority. The time was coming when issues divide the country along the lines was growing. This nullification made people focus more.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1840

It was an attempt to end racial segregation and discrimination.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

He was once a slave but then became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families by putting them no the ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor and sailing to freedom beyond the federal blockade.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

It created new land between them that could be settles on. It repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery in both territory.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

A landmark decision by the U.S Supreme Court. It said that federal government had no right to regulate slavery and that African descents, free or enslaved, were not protected by the Constitution and weren't citizens.

Secessionist

1860

A person who claims secession as a constitutional right.

Election of 1860

1860

It was the 19th presidential election. It was the immediate outbreak of the American Civil War.

Port Royal

1861

It was a city at the mouth of Kingston Harbor.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

It was a group of slaves that declared their secession from the United States.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

It was fought between the U.S and the Union and several slave states that had made the Confederacy.

Lincolns Assassination

1865

Abraham Lincoln was the current president of the United States when he was assassinated on Good Friday, April 14, 1865. It happened while he was watching a play when John Booth, a famous actor, shot him.

"Total War"

1900

It engages complete mobilization of fully available resources or population.

Ft Sumter

1948

It was a famous battle that was part of the American Civil War. It is now a popular visiting sight.