All Europeans live in peaceful harmony all the time.
Gave French state power in the Catholic church to appoint bishops and things and whatnot. Whatever.
She ruled for her incompetent sons. She was awful at being a politique because she murdered Huguenots a lot and was kind of a witch.
Catherine ordered Huguenots to be slaughtered. Pope gave the messenger a bag of gold because he was just so excited about the mass murder based on religous differences.
"Paris is well worth a mass." He switched from Calvinism to Catholocism to survive. Edict of Nantes allowed Hugues to worship. Politique because EofN and toleration of different beliefs. Killed by a Catholic zealot.
Turned power to Riche
Riche sends troops against Hapsburgs because they have faaar too much powers. "By the time this is over, France is the strongest country in Europe."
Louis turned power over to him. French Academy fostered sciences and study. Rich hated nobles and outlawed their lavish lifestyles. Fought against les Hapsburgs. Modified EofNantes
I am the state. Bad at economics on Versallies and was bad at taxes, bad at religion because repeal edict of nantes, forced nobles to live in Versallies, kept Hugenot pockets (delicious in the microwave at 2:00, give or take. Be sure to unwrap and cover in paper towel and let sit for one minute after cooking.)
Fought over the feared possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under one Bourbon monarch.
Madame Pomadour. Rococo.
He will fight for your right to speech but also crush the thing; the thing is the church in case you didn't know that, if you didn't know that WHY WHY DIDN'T YOU KNOW THAT THE THING IS THE CHURCH DUH GUYS, DUH, OF COURSE THE THING IS THE CHURCH WHO WOULDN'T KNOW THAT COME ON GET IT TOGETHER.
government should be seperated into three branches
Caused by antagonism between Great Britain and Bourbons (France and Spain). France lost many of its colonial holdings in North America.
General will - decisions should be based on the majority will of the people. Emile - education should be practical; teachers role is solely to protect students from bodily harm. Against Enlightenment because he believes on decisions based on impulse emotion as opposed to logic and reason.
Tried to reform kind of, but was blocked by nobles; was conservative and kind of an awful king. Marie Antoinette was the symbol of the monarchy and squandered money on nothing, basically. He was executed for treason during the French revolution.
France helped Americans to get back at Britain. Put France into a near-insurmountable financial crisis.
Abee Sieyes - Writer for the revolution; wrote What is the Third Estate?.
Assignants - French money backed by church lands
Civil Constitution of the Clergy - Put the French Roman Catholic Church under the control of the French government'
Constitution of 1791- made France a constitutional monarchy
National Convention - was basically awful at any and all types of governing
Committee of Public Safety - slaughtered suspected conspirators
Reign of Terror - under Robespierre- extreme police state
Thermidorian - people rise up against Reign of Terror and COPS
Concordat of 1801 - Gave the church back much of its civil status
Napoleonic Code - created much quality for the peoples
Continental System - economic system aimed at harming Britain as much as possible
Peninsular War - "Spanish Ulcer," guerilla warfare
Invasion of Russia - Scorched earth policy, horrible failure
Hundred Days - Nap was welcomed back to france for 100 days but then was executed... again
Waterloo - got rid of Napolean
Brother of Louis XVI
Charter of 1814 established bicameral legislature and gave Louis less power
Goals - balance of power, compensation, reinstatement of governments before Nap.
French rep. - Talleyrand
At first France was treated pretty good, but after 100 days the other powers were much harder on her.
July Ordinances severely limited the rights of the French people
People revolted... again.
Called the "citizen king"
Ignored the demands of the middle class and caused the february rebellion
Against Charles X, barriers were erected in the streets, middle class revolted
Overthrew bourbons and instituted Second French Republic
Socialism -- badly because they didn't do it right, really.
In response to plans to close the National Workshops. Second French Empire Happened
Universal suffrage -- Louis Napoléon Bonaparte was President. Socialist
Dese are dah states dat become gernmania ventually
He did the printing press of printing.
Salvation through faith alone
All believers are equal -- forgiveness of sins can be given to everyone
Inherited Spain from his parents, gave Spanish holding to son, gave everything else to his brother.
They used the Priesthood of all Believers to justify political equality.
Luther didn't like them because he believes in respect for authority.
A meeting to try to get Luth to recant called by Charles V. Luther responded by saying.
Council reformed the Catholic church. Reformed some of the corruption.
Protestants fought the Catholics; catholics win; peace of augsburg
Cuius regio, euius religio.
"His realm, his religion."
started with the Defrenestration of Prague
Catholics v. Protestants
France entered wanted to decrese Hapsburgian power.
ends 30 years war, allowed for Calvinism, Netherlands is recognized as a thing
Balance of power, restoration of things, compensation.
Partition of Poland happened.
Concert of Europe - everyone decided to not shoot each other and to talk about thier problems.
LOLOLOLOLOL EUROPE TALKING ABOUT PROBLEMS LAWL
Robot - required work days for people.
Ottomans attacked Austria, king of Poland came and helped out
Pragmatic sanction allowed Maria Theresa to remain in control of lands.
Austria and GB v. Spain and Prussia over Maria Theresa's alleged inability to succeed in Austria. Austria wins and keeps everything except Silesia, which goes to Prussia
Financial and educational reforms, reorganized military,
Hohenzollerns v. Hapsburgs; GB and friends win
Mother - Maria Theresa
Gave freedom to serfs
concert of europe - powers would try to talk to each other instead of shooting each other.
People wanted pan-Germanism and political freedom. It was basically a failure
It's a place.
Soldier King - he's pretty much at war all the time. Which, you know, whatever, but... like, lots of murder happened. Which sucks.
Modernized bureaucracy and promoted religious freedom. Violated pragmatic sanctions like a stupid idiot.
German critic; Furthered the German enlightenment
by George Hegel
History always evens itself out with a thesis and antithesis.
Italy organized into loosely connected and competitive city-states.
Began in Florence
The Medicis rules -- Powerful because of their patronage of the arts.
Tried to unite Italy. He was very state-power orientated; he would do whatever necessary to increase the power of the state
Ruled florence and patroned the arts.
Dominicna monk who said that Medici was immoral; people believed him and kicked out Medici, but then they burned him on account of it was a terrible to kick out Medici.
Basically says to increase state power as much as possible and to do the best thing possible for the state.
Invasion of Charles V ended it. Stupid Il Moro let him in.
WHY U DO DIS, IL MORO? WHY U DO DIS.
Basically says that the Rennaiance man should be all around just a quality guy.
Emergence of individualistic ideas and re-emergance of classical literature and idealogies.
Proving the Copernicus was right about heliocentrism. YAYAYAYAY. So we are not the center of the earth, so that's too bad.
Wanted to outlaw torture.
Balance of power; reinstatement of original powers; war reperations
Young Italy wanted to unite all of the city states.
Helped to bring about a unified Italy. "Young Italy."
Too many ideas and too little compromise.