South Carolina History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

Eastern Woodland Indians are Native Americans who lived in the South Eastern Portion of the US before Europeans.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1850

A trade route in which Europeans traded their commerce for slaves which was brought to America for labor. Where then the labor was used to get raw materials to be brought to Europe.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1780

Mercantilism is an economic system that increases wealth through government regulations.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

The First European settlement in United States Territory. It was abandoned three months after it was established in early 1527.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1732

The English expanded their empire by settling North America into thirteen colonies over a period of 125 years from the first colony founded to the last.

Royal Colony

1624 - 1981

Royal Colonies were ruled by governors appointed by the monarch. Otherwise a colonial administration.

Proprietary Colony

1632 - 1681

A proprietary Colony was a colony in which one or more individuals remained under their parent's states rules, regulations, and sanctions.

Plantation System

1680 - 1865

The plantation system is the division of the land into smaller units under private ownership where it is mostly worked by slaves in America.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1776

During the Colonial period of South Carolina the two most profitable exports in South Carolina was rice and indigo.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee war was a war between the colonists of South Carolina and various Native American groups.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion in South Carolina on September 9. 1739. It was the largest slave rebellion prior to the American Revolution.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A war fought primarily against British Colonies in North America and the French with their native allies.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

A conflict between British forces and the Cherokee in the French and I Dian war in North America

Sugar act

1764

An act that put a three cent tax that was put on foreign sugar and increased taxes on other simmiliar commodities. It also banned French wine and other French commodities.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

It was a North and South uprising against corrupt British officials. It was unsuccessful.

Stamp act

1765

Was a direct tax in which printed paper in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London carrying a re ensue stamp.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1784

It was a group of American Patriots that came from pre revolution and was responsible for the Boston Tea party.

Tea Act

1773

The Tea act was made to help the India Trading company
Who had financial problems and ad 18 million pounds of unsold tea. The town shed acts were still in place so it lead to the piston tea party in late 1773.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

It was a war between Great Britain and the newly created American states and grew into a larger conflict in which France, Spain, and the Netherlands interviened.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The provincional congress of South Carolina approves a new constitution and government four months before the Declaration of Independence by the continental congress.

Declaration of Independence

1776

It was a declaration of war against Great Britain by the continental congress and ratified on July the fourth of 1776.

Battle of Camden

1780

A major battle won by the British in South Carolina in the Revolutionary war.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a decisive battle between loyalist and patriot militias in which the patriots defeated the loyalists.

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1789

The articles of confederation served as the constitution before it was replaced by the U.S. constitution in 1789.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The battle of cow pens was a decisive battle in which continental forces defeated British forces and was a turning point of the southern theatre in the Revolutionary War.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major battle in the Southern theatre of the Revolutionary war.

3/5 compromise

1787

An agreement between northern and southern states to make three fifths of the slave population be counted as representation.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The commerce compromise was an agreement between northern and southern states on how the federal government can only tax its commerce. Which made the federal government only tax its imports.

US Constitution

1787

The US Constitution is the basis of government that replaced the articles of confederation. It was written at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787 and ratified by eleven states making its way into full effect on March 4, 1789.

Great Compromise

1787

The Great compromise was an agreement between the delegates in the United States Constitutional Convention. It created two houses, the House of Representatives and the United States Senate, the House of Representatives is based on population and elected by the people, and the other house elects two senators per state being appointed by state legislatures.

Cotton Gin

1793

A cotton gin is a machine that separates seeds from cotton.

Embargo Act

1807

The Embargo Act was an embargo created by congress, against both Britain and France during the Napoleonic wars.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

A war between the empire of Great Britain and the United States of America. The conflict was started between tensions of the two superpowers such as Britain having trade restrictions, imprisonment of US seamen to the royal navy, and support for Native Americans who were hostile to the US.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

A famous Union general in the civil war who commenced total war against the south.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

Denmark Vesey had a plot to take the city of Charelston and become free with his newly freed blacks because of liberation killing of slave owners.

Slave Codes

1822 - 1865

We're laws in each state defining what power the masters had over slaves and punishments for slaves.

Abolishionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The Abolishionist movement planned to emancipate all slaves and make them equal to whites.

Nullification Controversy

1832

Declared that the feral tariff acts of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and South Carolina refused the tariffs on items.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

A former slave, who escaped o. A confederate ship to the union ship making him free.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1856

Created the territories Kansa and Nebraska and determined if there was to be slavery through popular sovernty.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the us territories.

Election of 1860

1860

In the election of 1860 Abraham Licoln was elected. Shortly after the civil war started.

Seccionist

1860

Someoneone who wanted to not be a art of the Union anymore.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The war between the USA and the CSA.

Creation of The Confederate States of America

1861

The creation of the confederate states of America was in response to the election of Licoln.

Port Royal

1861

An amphibious battle early in the civil war where the US took port Royal.

Fort Sumter

1861

Confederates demanded the union surrender the fort they refused starting the civil war.

Cotton Trade

1862 - 1865

The CSA withholding cotton to Europeans In hope of foreign intervention.

Total war

1864

When a nation uses all its resources to fight another nation. One slouch example is William T. Sherman.

Abraham Lincoln's Assasination

1865

Lincoln assassinated by John Wilks booths in fords theater.