Midterm Timeline: SC History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1400 - 1700

Indians who lived in the eastern U.S. before European colonists came.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1780

A dominating economic policy used in several west-European nations. It involved putting tariffs on goods, maintaining a large network of overseas colonies, and creating monopolies in specific areas of trade.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

The first European settlement on United States territory. It lasted for three months.

Triangle Slave Trade

1600 - 1800

Slave trade that took place in the Atlantic. Guns from Britain to Africa, Slaves from Africa to America, and crops from America to Britain.

Proprietary Colony

1607 - 1776

Proprietary colonies were run by people who led within sanctions set by a mother country. Many of the 13 British colonies in America were proprietary.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1776

The colonies that became the first U.S. states after the U.S. Revolutionary War

Royal Colony

1624 - 1776

A colony led by someone appointed by a monarch.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1890

Rice and indigo were cash crops grown in sc. Plantations required the work of many men, usually slaves.

Slave Codes

1712

Codes enacted in SC to require punishments and stricter rules for slaves after a revolt killed many slaveowners.

Yamasee War

1715 - 1717

A war between the settlers of SC, who won with the help of the Cherokee, and several Indian Tribes including the Yamasee.

Stono Rebellion

1739

A slaves named Jemmy led a large number of armed slaves in revolt, killing 40+ whites before being suppressed by militia. In response, the Negro Act of 1740 was passed.

Cotton Trade

1750

Cotton is cash crop grown in sc. The plantations required the work of many men, usually slaves.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A war over land between France and GB. Both belligerents had many allied Indians.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Part of the French and Indian war, it was fought in the SC area after the Cherokee turned on the British.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

A tax on sugar imposed on colonists by Great Britain to raise revenue.

Sons of liberty

1765 - 1785

Group of patriots formed to protect the rights of colonists.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Citizens of both Carolinas took up arms against corrupt officials. It was unsuccessful.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Tax on printed materials for the colonists to pay.

Tea act

1773 - 1776

British tax on tea In colonies.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

America's war against British occupants.

Declaration of Independence

1776

A statement made by the Continental Congress declaring U.S. independence from Britain.

Sc Constitution of 1776

1776

State constitution ratified by SC Provincial Congress

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

Made as an agreement between 13 states as a confederation.

Battle of Camden

1780

Devastating defeat of american forces against British forces at Camden

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

A victory for American militia against loyalist militia at kings mountain

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Victory for the continental army against the British army at Cowpens.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Neither side "won", but Stewart retreated to charleston.

Commerce compromise

1787

Solution to problem on whether or not to tax imports and exports: only tax imports.

3/5 compromise

1787

Solution on the problem of whether or not to count slaves as persons in the census: count them as 3/5.

Great Compromise

1787

Solution to problem as whether or not congress should be proportional or equal: have two houses.

Constitution

1788

To replace the articles of confederation, provides guidelines and bill of rights.

Cotton Gin

1793

Invented by Eli Whitney, it made the separation of seeds from cotton vastly easier.

Embargo act

1807

Embargo on France and Great Britain while they waged war on each other.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

War fought between British and Americans, with Indians on either side.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1823

Denmark Vesey had a plan to liberate Charleston and thousands of slaves. The plan was leaked and the conspirators were hung/hanged.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The fight to get slavery abolished in the antebellum period.

Nullification Crisis

1832 - 1833

SC passed legislature to repeal federal tarrifs. The federal government didn't like that, and it was later repealed.

Plantation System

1840

The system in which land is divided up under private ownership, usually for farming.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Repealed Missouri Act, said Kansas and Nebraska slavery would be determined by popular sovereignty.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

It said that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that Africans were not protected by the Constitution and were not citizens.

1860 Election

1860

The election in which Lincoln was put into office.

Creation of C.S.A.

1861

Several Southern States secceded from the union after statewide votes to do so.

Secessionist

1861

A person who wanted to secede from the union.

Ft. Sumter

1861

First battle of Civil War, C.S.A successfully bombarded a U.S. occupied Ft. Sumter.

Port Royal

1861

U.S. army captured the fort at Port Royal from the C.S.A.

William T. Sherman

1861

Union general who implemented a total war strategy on the south.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The war over slavery between U.S.A and C.S.A.

Robert Smalls

1862

He as a slave took his family and other slaves from a stolen boat to a U.S. naval blockade outside Charleston. He then served the union.

Total War

1864

A warfare strategy that strips the country of its infrastructure in an attempt to intimidate.

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

As the war was coming to a close, Lincoln was killed by an actor as he was attending a play.