Indians who lived in the eastern U.S. before European colonists came.
1500 - 1780
A dominating economic policy used in several west-European nations. It involved putting tariffs on goods, maintaining a large network of overseas colonies, and creating monopolies in specific areas of trade.
San Miguel de Gualdape
1526 - 1527
The first European settlement on United States territory. It lasted for three months.
Triangle Slave Trade
1600 - 1800
Slave trade that took place in the Atlantic. Guns from Britain to Africa, Slaves from Africa to America, and crops from America to Britain.
13 English Colonies
1607 - 1776
The colonies that became the first U.S. states after the U.S. Revolutionary War
1607 - 1776
Proprietary colonies were run by people who led within sanctions set by a mother country. Many of the 13 British colonies in America were proprietary.
1624 - 1776
A colony led by someone appointed by a monarch.
Rice and Indigo Trade
1680 - 1890
Rice and indigo were cash crops grown in sc. Plantations required the work of many men, usually slaves.
Codes enacted in SC to require punishments and stricter rules for slaves after a revolt killed many slaveowners.
1715 - 1717
A war between the settlers of SC, who won with the help of the Cherokee, and several Indian Tribes including the Yamasee.
A slaves named Jemmy led a large number of armed slaves in revolt, killing 40+ whites before being suppressed by militia. In response, the Negro Act of 1740 was passed.
Cotton is cash crop grown in sc. The plantations required the work of many men, usually slaves.
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
A war over land between France and GB. Both belligerents had many allied Indians.
1758 - 1761
Part of the French and Indian war, it was fought in the SC area after the Cherokee turned on the British.
1764 - 1766
A tax on sugar imposed on colonists by Great Britain to raise revenue.
1765 - 1771
Citizens of both Carolinas took up arms against corrupt officials. It was unsuccessful.
Sons of liberty
1765 - 1785
Group of patriots formed to protect the rights of colonists.
1765 - 1766
Tax on printed materials for the colonists to pay.
1773 - 1776
British tax on tea In colonies.
1775 - 1783
America's war against British occupants.
Declaration of Independence
A statement made by the Continental Congress declaring U.S. independence from Britain.
Sc Constitution of 1776
State constitution ratified by SC Provincial Congress
Articles of Confederation
1777 - 1789
Made as an agreement between 13 states as a confederation.
Battle of Camden
Devastating defeat of american forces against British forces at Camden
Battle of Kings Mountain
A victory for American militia against loyalist militia at kings mountain
Battle of Cowpens
Victory for the continental army against the British army at Cowpens.
Battle of Eutaw Springs
Neither side "won", but Stewart retreated to charleston.
Solution on the problem of whether or not to count slaves as persons in the census: count them as 3/5.
Solution to problem on whether or not to tax imports and exports: only tax imports.
Solution to problem as whether or not congress should be proportional or equal: have two houses.
To replace the articles of confederation, provides guidelines and bill of rights.
Invented by Eli Whitney, it made the separation of seeds from cotton vastly easier.
Embargo on France and Great Britain while they waged war on each other.
War of 1812
1812 - 1815
War fought between British and Americans, with Indians on either side.
Denmark Vesey Plot
Denmark Vesey had a plan to liberate Charleston and thousands of slaves. The plan was leaked and the conspirators were hung/hanged.
1830 - 1870
The fight to get slavery abolished in the antebellum period.
1832 - 1833
SC passed legislature to repeal federal tarrifs. The federal government didn't like that, and it was later repealed.
The system in which land is divided up under private ownership, usually for farming.
Repealed Missouri Act, said Kansas and Nebraska slavery would be determined by popular sovereignty.
Dred Scott Decision
It said that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that Africans were not protected by the Constitution and were not citizens.
The election in which Lincoln was put into office.
1861 - 1865
The war over slavery between U.S.A and C.S.A.
Creation of C.S.A.
Several Southern States secceded from the union after statewide votes to do so.
First battle of Civil War, C.S.A successfully bombarded a U.S. occupied Ft. Sumter.
U.S. army captured the fort at Port Royal from the C.S.A.
A person who wanted to secede from the union.
William T. Sherman
Union general who implemented a total war strategy on the south.
He as a slave took his family and other slaves from a stolen boat to a U.S. naval blockade outside Charleston. He then served the union.
A warfare strategy that strips the country of its infrastructure in an attempt to intimidate.
As the war was coming to a close, Lincoln was killed by an actor as he was attending a play.