The Eastern Woodland Indians were the Native Americans who lived in the South Eastern part of the United States. They were here before the Europeans.
1500 - 1700
Mercantilism is an economic trading system controlled by the government. It was used by the thirteen colonies to make money.
Triangle Slave Trade
1500 - 1800
Triangle Slave Trade is trade from North America, Africa and Europe. Europe sent supplies such as copper and guns to Africa, Africa sent slaves to America and America sent crops to Europe.
San Miguel de Gualdape
1526 - 1527
San Miguel de Gualdape was a Spanish colony in the United States. It was established by Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon.
13 English Colonies
1607 - 1776
The thirteen colonies included Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, New York, Pennslyivania, New Hampshire, Delaware, Maryland, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Conneticut, and Massachusetts. We gained independence in 1776.
1660 - 1690
A colony given to a proprietor. They are the government.
Rice and Indigo trade
1698 - 1770
Rice and Indigo were grown in South Carolina. They grew it to trade to other countries and make a profit.
1715 - 1717
A war between the British colonists and Indian tribes. The Native Americans were mad because the colonists ripped them off.
1720 - 1880
The Plantation system was an economy that was based on agriculture. They rely on cash crops as the source of income. Slaves did the field work.
1729 - 1752
A colony ruled by the king. South Carolina was a Royal colony
The Stono Rebellion was an uprising among slaves against their owners. It was the largest slave rebellion in the colonies up until The American Revolution.
As a result of the Stono Rebellion, the laws for slaves became harsher. Slaves couldn't gather together in large groups or carry any sort of weapon.
French and Indian war
1754 - 1763
This war was between the French, British colonists and Native Americans. It escalated into a world wide conflict.
1758 - 1761
This was was against the British in North America and the Cherokee native Americans. Some people call it the Cherokee uprising.
The Sugar Act was a tax on sugar, molasses and rum when imported from other countries.
1765 - 1771
The Regualtor movement was an uprising of the citizens of the Carolina's. It was against corrupt government officials.
Sons of Liberty
A group of American patriots who formed to protect the colonies. They are most famous for the Boston Tea Party.
A tax on papers such as newspapers and contracts.
1773 - 1774
The Tea Act put a tax on all imported tea. It's law was passed by parliament.
Declaration of Independance
The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson. It was made to declare our independence for Great Britain.
1776 - 1783
The Revolutionary war was fought between the British and the colonists who wanted to be free from the King. At the end colonists gained independence.
South Carolina constitution of 1776
In 1776 South Carolina decided to write a state constitution. It was approved on March 26.
Articles of Confederation
1777 - 1789
The Articles of Confederation was the first government written by the United States. It had many flaws and was overwritten by the Constitution.
Battle of Camden
The Battle of Camden was a Revolutionary War battle fought in South Carolina. The British won this battle. This was an important battle because almost half of the American forces were captured or killed.
Battle of Kings Mountain
The Battle of Kings Mountain was a Revolutionary War battle fought in South Carolina. It was Patriots versus Loyalists. This battle is called the turning point because the Americans won after losing three in a row.
Battle of Cowpens
This was a Revolutionary War battle fought in South Carolina. This was an important battle because the British never bothered South Carolina again, meaning it is free.
Battle of Eutaw Springs
This was a Revolutionary War battle fought in Eutaw Springs, South Carolina. The British won, but this battle left the Americans with an advantage.
1787 - 1868
The 3/5 Compromise says that slaves count as 3/5 's of a person when counting population. This helped when deciding how many state representatives you will get.
The Commerce Compromise is the Constitution allowing the federal government to tax imports, not exports. State governments can choose to allow taxing. This was a compromise between the north and the south, the south didn't want exports to be taxed.
The Constitution is the outline of how to run our country, amendments can be made. It was written and signed in 1786 but not ratified by the states until 1787.
The Great Compromise
The Great Compromise was an agreement about representation of states in the federal government. The states with large populations favored representation based on population, the states with small populations favored equal representation. In the end they agreed to have two houses, the Senate was equal representation. The House of Representatives was representation based on population.
The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney to make slaves' lives easier. It removes the seeds from cotton. It ended up making their lifes harder because when cotton production increased the slave owners needed more slaves.
1793 - 1940
The cotton trade is the business of growing, picking, and selling cotton. It includes slaves, plantation owners, and the buyers of cotton. It is also exporting cotton to other countries and states.
1807 - 1809
The Embargo Act meant that U.S ships couldn't export to other countries. This was because when we went to other countries they would seize out cargo and men. Many people were against this act, it was repealed in 1809.
War of 1812
The War of 1812 is known as the second war of independence. It was against Great Britain because they were threatening trade and the U.S wanted to expand.
William T. Sherman
1820 - 1891
William Sherman was a general in the Union Army. He invented the "total war" strategy. He was also an author and businessman.
Denmark Vesey Plot
A man named Denmark Vesey had a plan for slaves to overthrow their plantation owners. It would have been one of the largest uprisings in U.S history. However, word about the plan got out and the leaders were hung.
1830 - 1870
An abolitionist is a person who wanted slavery to be abolished. The goal of the abolitionist movement was to get slaves emancipated, and to end discrimination.
1832 - 1833
The Nullification controversy was over a pair of tariffs. Some people wanted there to be tariffs and others didn't. South Carolina did not like this tax because it supported northern manufacturers.
1839 - 1915
Robert Smalls was a slave and a boat captain. He became free by sailing his ship to Union lines. He was also a South Carolina representative in the House of Representatives.
Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas Nebraska act repealed the Missouri Compromise that said there could be slaves above a certain line. The Act says that slaves are not allowed there.
Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott was an American slave. He sued because he and his family were slaves in a territory where slavery was illegal. After lots of arguing the court decided that he couldn't sue because slaves aren't citizens.
Election of 1860
The election of 1860 was the presidential race between Abraham Lincoln and Stephan Douglas. The big issue was slavery, if Lincoln was elected he would try to abolish slavery. After he won, South Carolina seceded from the Union.
1861 - 1865
The south wanted slavery and the north didn't. The south seceded from the Union and the Union didn't want them to leave. The Union took control and fought to get them back. The Civil War is the bloodiest war in American history.
Fort Sumpter was the place where the first shots of the Civil War were fired. Ironically, there were no deaths in this battle.
The Battle of Port Royal was fought on Hilton Head Island. There are still remains in Port Royal Plantation. The Union won this battle.
Someone who wants to be separate from the Union and openly speaks out about it. They believed that if they didn't like the rules they could quit.
The creation of the Confederate states of America
The southern states favored slavery, when Lincoln was elected they didn't want him to take that away from them. They thought that if they seceded from the Union they could do whatever they wanted.
This strategy was used by the North to defeat the South during the Civil War. It would destroy anything in the way of what they needed, and demoralized people
President Lincoln went with his wife to see the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theater. During the play a man named John Wilkes Boothe shot him. He was taken across the street to a boarding house where he died the next day.