South Carolina history

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The Eastern Woodland Indians were the Native Americans who lived in the South Eastern part of the United States. They were here before the Europeans.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangle Slave Trade is trade from North America, Africa and Europe. Europe sent supplies such as copper and guns to Africa, Africa sent slaves to America and America sent crops to Europe.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Mercantilism is an economic trading system controlled by the government. It was used by the thirteen colonies to make money.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was a Spanish colony in the United States. It was established by Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1776

The thirteen colonies included Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, New York, Pennslyivania, New Hampshire, Delaware, Maryland, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Conneticut, and Massachusetts. We gained independence in 1776.

Proprietary colony

1660 - 1690

A colony given to a proprietor. They are the government.

Rice and Indigo trade

1698 - 1770

Rice and Indigo were grown in South Carolina. They grew it to trade to other countries and make a profit.

Yemasse war

1715 - 1717

A war between the British colonists and Indian tribes. The Native Americans were mad because the colonists ripped them off.

Plantation System

1720 - 1880

The Plantation system was an economy that was based on agriculture. They rely on cash crops as the source of income. Slaves did the field work.

Royal colony

1729 - 1752

A colony ruled by the king. South Carolina was a Royal colony

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was an uprising among slaves against their owners. It was the largest slave rebellion in the colonies up until The American Revolution.

Slave Codes

1740

As a result of the Stono Rebellion, the laws for slaves became harsher. Slaves couldn't gather together in large groups or carry any sort of weapon.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

This war was between the French, British colonists and Native Americans. It escalated into a world wide conflict.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

This was was against the British in North America and the Cherokee native Americans. Some people call it the Cherokee uprising.

Sugar Act

1764

The Sugar Act was a tax on sugar, molasses and rum when imported from other countries.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

The Regualtor movement was an uprising of the citizens of the Carolina's. It was against corrupt government officials.

Stamp Act

1765

A tax on papers such as newspapers and contracts.

Sons of Liberty

1765

A group of American patriots who formed to protect the colonies. They are most famous for the Boston Tea Party.

Tea Act

1773 - 1774

The Tea Act put a tax on all imported tea. It's law was passed by parliament.

South Carolina constitution of 1776

1776

In 1776 South Carolina decided to write a state constitution. It was approved on March 26.

Revolutionary War

1776 - 1783

The Revolutionary war was fought between the British and the colonists who wanted to be free from the King. At the end colonists gained independence.

Declaration of Independance

1776

The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson. It was made to declare our independence for Great Britain.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

The Articles of Confederation was the first government written by the United States. It had many flaws and was overwritten by the Constitution.

Battle of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was a Revolutionary War battle fought in South Carolina. The British won this battle. This was an important battle because almost half of the American forces were captured or killed.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a Revolutionary War battle fought in South Carolina. It was Patriots versus Loyalists. This battle is called the turning point because the Americans won after losing three in a row.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

This was a Revolutionary War battle fought in South Carolina. This was an important battle because the British never bothered South Carolina again, meaning it is free.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

This was a Revolutionary War battle fought in Eutaw Springs, South Carolina. The British won, but this battle left the Americans with an advantage.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1868

The 3/5 Compromise says that slaves count as 3/5 's of a person when counting population. This helped when deciding how many state representatives you will get.

Constitution

1787

The Constitution is the outline of how to run our country, amendments can be made. It was written and signed in 1786 but not ratified by the states until 1787.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise is the Constitution allowing the federal government to tax imports, not exports. State governments can choose to allow taxing. This was a compromise between the north and the south, the south didn't want exports to be taxed.

The Great Compromise

1787

The Great Compromise was an agreement about representation of states in the federal government. The states with large populations favored representation based on population, the states with small populations favored equal representation. In the end they agreed to have two houses, the Senate was equal representation. The House of Representatives was representation based on population.

Cotton Gin

1793

The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney to make slaves' lives easier. It removes the seeds from cotton. It ended up making their lifes harder because when cotton production increased the slave owners needed more slaves.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1940

The cotton trade is the business of growing, picking, and selling cotton. It includes slaves, plantation owners, and the buyers of cotton. It is also exporting cotton to other countries and states.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act meant that U.S ships couldn't export to other countries. This was because when we went to other countries they would seize out cargo and men. Many people were against this act, it was repealed in 1809.

War of 1812

1812

The War of 1812 is known as the second war of independence. It was against Great Britain because they were threatening trade and the U.S wanted to expand.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William Sherman was a general in the Union Army. He invented the "total war" strategy. He was also an author and businessman.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

A man named Denmark Vesey had a plan for slaves to overthrow their plantation owners. It would have been one of the largest uprisings in U.S history. However, word about the plan got out and the leaders were hung.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

An abolitionist is a person who wanted slavery to be abolished. The goal of the abolitionist movement was to get slaves emancipated, and to end discrimination.

Nullification controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification controversy was over a pair of tariffs. Some people wanted there to be tariffs and others didn't. South Carolina did not like this tax because it supported northern manufacturers.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was a slave and a boat captain. He became free by sailing his ship to Union lines. He was also a South Carolina representative in the House of Representatives.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

The Kansas Nebraska act repealed the Missouri Compromise that said there could be slaves above a certain line. The Act says that slaves are not allowed there.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Dred Scott was an American slave. He sued because he and his family were slaves in a territory where slavery was illegal. After lots of arguing the court decided that he couldn't sue because slaves aren't citizens.

Election of 1860

1860

The election of 1860 was the presidential race between Abraham Lincoln and Stephan Douglas. The big issue was slavery, if Lincoln was elected he would try to abolish slavery. After he won, South Carolina seceded from the Union.

The creation of the Confederate states of America

1861

The southern states favored slavery, when Lincoln was elected they didn't want him to take that away from them. They thought that if they seceded from the Union they could do whatever they wanted.

Secessionist

1861

Someone who wants to be separate from the Union and openly speaks out about it. They believed that if they didn't like the rules they could quit.

Port Royal

1861

The Battle of Port Royal was fought on Hilton Head Island. There are still remains in Port Royal Plantation. The Union won this battle.

Ft Sumpter

1861

Fort Sumpter was the place where the first shots of the Civil War were fired. Ironically, there were no deaths in this battle.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The south wanted slavery and the north didn't. The south seceded from the Union and the Union didn't want them to leave. The Union took control and fought to get them back. The Civil War is the bloodiest war in American history.

Total War

1862

This strategy was used by the North to defeat the South during the Civil War. It would destroy anything in the way of what they needed, and demoralized people

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

President Lincoln went with his wife to see the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theater. During the play a man named John Wilkes Boothe shot him. He was taken across the street to a boarding house where he died the next day.