Midterm South Carolina Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The eastern woodlands indians were Native Americans who lived in the south eastern part of the unites states before the Europeans came.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

The triangle slave trade traded slaves from Africa to U.S to Europe. Slaves had to travel in small ships. They were in tightly packed in the boats by the hundreds.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

An important foreign trade and it demands a balance of trade earning the difference in value between imports and exports.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Guadldape was a European settlement founded by spaniard Lucas Vàzquez de Ayllon. When he died a year later, war broke out over who would be the new leader. While they were fighting, all the slaves revolted and escaped.

Plantation System

1600

The plantation system was huge piece of land in which the master live in the main house with his family, and had slaves work in the fields.

Royal Colony

1600

It's when a colony in another part of the world is still ruled by the mother country. Like the 13 colonies and England.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

Europeans came over from England to start a whole new life with religious freedom. They explored the new world, and made the first settlements which were going to become America.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1729

It's a colony given to a proprietor to govern.

Rice and indigo trade

1698 - 1770

Rice and indigo were rich crops that were grown in South Carolina and traded between colonies in Europe.

Slave codes

1712

Laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Yamasee War

1715 - 1717

It was a conflict between the European settlers and the Yamasee Indian tribe.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion in South Carolina. It was the largest slave rebellion to happen before the Civil War started. They recruited 60 slaves and killed nearly 25 whites. They were caught and killed by the South Carolina militia by the Edisto river.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought between the British colonies and New France, and both of their military units was supported by their mother countries Great Britain and France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

This war was between the Cherokee Indians and the colonists. They thought that they were betraying each other.

Sugar Act

1763 - 1776

It was an increase on taxes in the colonies. The colonists were very unhappy about these taxes.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

It required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper made in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

North and South Carolina uprising, in which citizens took up arms against corrupt colonial officials.

Sons of Liberty

1765

A group of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government.

Tea Act

1773

Great Britain was in a lot of debt and they has a surplus of tea, so they started over pricing the tea in the colonies to help pays off their debt.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The war that the American colonists and Great Britain fought. The Americans won, and we are now free from Britain.

South Carolina Constitution 1776

1776

It's much like the U.S. constitution. It said that South Carolina free from Britain and part of the United States

Declaration of Independence

1776

The document that the United States sent to Great Britain to declare our independence.

Articles of Confederation

1777

An agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

This battle was a failure to the Americans but a great victory for British. Even though the colonists outnumbered them 2-1.

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7, 1780

This was a major win for the patriots after the British leader died the rest surrender but were killed in cold blood.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

It was an American win. It was a turning point in the war of gaining back control of South Carolina from the British.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

The Americans won the battle after taking all of Britians supplies.

Great Compromise

1787

It was the agreement between the states to have a dual congress. The House of Representatives, and the Senate.

3/5 compromise

1787

That every five slaves count for three people

Commerce Compromise

August 29, 1787

Constitution allows tax imports but not exports.

Constitution

September 17, 1787

The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the Unites States of America. Iit was signed by the constitutional convention in Philedelphia, Pennsylvania.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1860

With the help of cotton gin, cotton was at an all time high during this time.

Cotton Gin

March 14, 1794

This was an invention made by Eli Whitney that picks the seeds out of cotton.

Total War

1800

During the 1800s this type of warfare was just starting to be used. The U.S. army used it during the civil war. Its when you take away all the other sides resources and take no mercy.

Embargo Act

1807

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized because of the war between the French and British navies.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

In the war of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, the cause was the restriction of the U.S. trade.

Wiliam T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

He was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

Slaves were going to revolt against their masters but word got out and it failed.

Abolitionists Movement

1830

Movement to end slavery and free the blacks.

Nullification Controversy

1830

The Nullification Crisis arose in the early 1830s when leaders of South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal aw and could in effect, "nullify" the law.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

He was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Dred Scott Decision

1847

Dred Scott went to trial to sue for his freedom. His trial eventually got to the Supreme Court, and they ruled that slaves are not U.S. citizens, so they cannot sue.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

Secessionist

1860

The withdrawal of 11 Southern states from the Union in 1860-1861, precipitating the U.S. Civil War.

Election of 1860

November 6, 1860

The election was the 19th quadrennial election and was started because of the outbreak of the American Civil War.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

When 11 southern states seceded from the union becuase they dodnt agree with the laws being set up by the national government. They were eventually defeated in the Civil War and cam back to the union.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

A war fought between the Confederate States of America and the United States of America. The CSA were 11 southern states that had seceded from the U.S. The U.S. won and the CSA joined back into the union and they formed the U.S. again.

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

The bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War.

Port Royal

November 7, 1861

When the U.S. navy fleet captured the Port Royal Sound in Suth Carolina.

Lincoln's Assasination

April 14, 1865

Lincoln was at a play when well known actor John Wilkes Booth shot and killed him as a supporter of the south and hates Lincoln.