South Carolina History

By: Anna McGarity

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The Eastern Woodland Indians were Native Americans. They lived in the South Eastern part of the United States, before the Europeans came.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

The Triangle Slave Trade was a term used for a trade of African slaves between America, Africa and Europe. Europe sent supplies to Africa. Africa sent slaves to America. America sent things such as crops to Europe.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Mercantilism is an economic system, that was controlled by the government. It was used by the thirteen colonies, to help them make more money.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was established by a Spanish man named Luis Vasquez de Ayllon. It is a Spanish settlement located near current day Georgetown.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1776

The 13 English colonies included New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylivania, Massachusettes, Conneticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They were controlled by England and then later by Great Britain.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

A proprietary colony is a colony that is given to proprietor to control and govern.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1698 - 1770

Rice and Indigo was grown in South Carolina. Sales were out of the roof. They grew it to trade to other countries, and made a lot of money.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was fraught between the South Carolina Brittish colonists and different Native American groups. The Native Americans were mad that the colonists abused trade and ripped them off.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1752

A colony that is ruled by the king or monarchy.

The Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was a rebellion by slaves in South Carolina. It was the largest uprise up until the American Revolution.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

This war was faught mainly between the French and the British Americans. It was started because both sides thought they owned land that wasn't theirs. It escalated from there.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee War was faught between the British and the Cherokee Indians. They started out as allies but then turned on each other because they were afraid of betrayal.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The Sugar Act was a revenue raising act that was passed by the British.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The Regulator Movement was an uprising of North and South Carolina. They were mad because they wet being overtaxed.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act was a law that increased taxes on the colonists by British Parliament.

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty was a group that was started to help protect the colonists and their rights. They are most famous for starting the Boston Tea Party.

Tea Act

1773 - 1774

The Tea Act was a law passed by the Parliament. It placed a tax on all tea for the colonists.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was faught between the British and the colonists. The Americans won!

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The South Carolina Constitution is the document that protects our state. It is still effective today. In 1776, it was renewed.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence is a document that was written by Thomas Jefferson. It was created to declare our independence. We still use it today.

Battle of Camden

1778 - 1780

The Battle of Camden was fought between the British and Americans in Camden, South Carolina. The British were victorious.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

This battle was between the Patriots and the Loyalists. The Patriots defeated the Loyalists.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The Battle of Cowpens was considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War. The Americans defeated the British.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Battle of Eutaw Springs was a battle of the Revolutionary War. It was the last major battle in the Carolinas.

Articles of Confederation

1781

The Articles of Confederation is an agreement between all of the 13 states at the time. It was written in 1777, and ratified in 1781.

Commerce Comprimise

1787

The Commerce Compromise is when The Constitution allowed the federal government to tax imports, but not exports.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states. It is found in Article 1, Section 2, Paragraph 3 of the United States Constitution.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

The Great Compromise is a combination of the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan.

Constitution

1788

The United States Constitution is a document that protects the way our country is set up. We have used it ever since it was written in Philadelphia by Thomas Jefferson, and others.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act was a law that was passed by the US against Great Britain. It banned all trade to them.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a war between the United States and the British Empire. It was fought on the Oceans.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was a soldier, businessman, educator and author. During the Civil War, he served as a General.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

This was a plan created by Vesey. He wanted all slaves to revolt against their owners. The plan failed, and they were all hung.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Abolitionists were people who were against slavery. They created a movement to get rid of it.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Crisis was a crisis during the period of Andrew Jackson's presidential term.

Plantation System

1838

The Plantation System was the division of the land into smaller units, under private ownership.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American. He became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician during the Civil War.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The Kansas–Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. It repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Dred Scott was a United States slave, who decided to sue for liberty after living in a non-slave state.

Slave Codes

1860 - 1865

Slave Codes were laws limiting slave rights. They were different for each state.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

A secessionist is someone who leaves or withdraws from a union.

Election of 1860

1860

This was the Presidential election that set the stage for the Civil War.

Cotton Trade

1861

The south stopped trade of cotton to foreign countries, like Europe.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

This was the creation of a new type of government in the southern states. It was called Confederacy.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

A war between the north and the south over slavery.

Ft Sumter

1861

Fort Sumter was a battle site in the Civil War. The south used it as their fort, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.

Port Royal

1861

This was a battle that was part of the Civil War. The Union (North) won.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

President Lincoln was assassinated on April 14th, 1865. He was shot by John Wilkes Booth while watching a play at Fords' Theater in Washington, DC.

“Total War”

1915 - 1918

Total War was General Sherman's idea to have an unrestricted war.

Cotton Gin

1973

The cotton gin is a machine that separates the cotton fibers from the seeds. It was invented by Eli Whitney.