Rules for her incompetent sons, tried to be a politique but failed because of St. Bartholomews day massacre
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
01/01/1572 - 12/31/1572
Catherine de Medici ordered this to happen. The pope laughed and gave the messenger a bag of god.
1589 - 1610
Switched from Huguenot to Catholic. Created the Edict of Nantes which gave huguenots cities, or huguenot pockets. He was killed by a religious fanatic.
Louis XIII/ Richelieu
1610 - 1643
He turned his power over to Richelieu. Made the French Academy. He decreased power of the nobles and he also took the walls of cities of Huguenot cities. He helped Gustavus Adolphus in the war between HRE and Sweden.
Thirty years war
1618 - 1648
Richelieu sends french troops to limit the power of the Hapsburgs and by the time this is over, France is the strongest country in Europe.
1643 - 1715
I am the state. He fought way to many wars that hurt the economy. Disbanded the Edict of Nantes. He kept the nobles in Versailles.
War of Spanish Succession
1702 - 1713
Unite the thrones of Spain and France. Every other country that opposed it.
1715 - 1774
Roccoco art style. And his famous mistress was Madame de Pompadour.
01/01/1748 - 12/31/1748
Separation of power.
seven years war
1756 - 1763
Austria versus Prussia on the continent fighting. Off the colony Austria's allies versus Prussia's allies. France loses American colonies.
01/01/1759 - 12/31/1759
I don't agree with what you say but I will fight to the death to defend your right to say it. Hated the Catholic Church
01/01/1762 - 12/31/1762
General will is the most important thing. Learned through experience is his theory on education.
1774 - 1792
A fat schlub. His wife was Marie Antoinnete they hated her cause she wasn't in touch with reality and the plight with the poor. He was executed for treason against France
1776 - 1783
France helped to get back at Britain for the seven years war. this crippled the French economy.
1789 - 1791
Was the first attempt at a democratic government in France
1st French Republic
1792 - 1795
The government that executed their own people to get rid of all traces of religion and monarchy from government.
1795 - 1799
Replaced the Republic after the Thermidorian Reaction
1799 - 1815
The concordat of 1801 reestablished Catholicism in France.The napoleonic code gave equal rights to all. the Continental system was to try to embargo Britain. peninsular war was to get control of Spain. The invasion of Russia was a military blunder. Waterloo was Napoleons final defeat.
1814 - 1824
Was Louis XVI's brother and he wrote the charter of 1814
Congress of Vienna
1815 - 1820
Military reperations, balance of power, fix what napoleon messed up. France was treated pretty fairly
1824 - 1830
He was a conservative and undid what Louis XVIII did. The people revolted again.
01/01/1830 - 12/31/1830
They were against Charles X.
1830 - 1848
called the civilian king and his reign was known as the progressive monarchy or the merry monarchy. He didn't dress up like the monarchy before him but dressed like the civilians. he ignored the demands of people and that caused the February rebellion.
2nd French Republic
1848 - 1852
A republic and the ones that could vote was the middle class and lower class. They were influenced by socialism
02/01/1848 - 02/29/1848
against Louis Philippe. A democracy took over afterwards.
03/01/1848 - 04/30/1848
He was the president during the the government
06/01/1848 - 06/30/1848
they were rioting against the provisional government. A republic
Holy Roman Empire
01/01/1465 - 12/31/1465
He invented the printing press.
01/01/1517 - 12/31/1517
Sola fidie is his views of salvation through faith. He believed everyone should be able to read the bible and interpret it for themselves. Really conservative on government.
1519 - 1556
Nicknamed the Universal Monarch, he inherited the land from his parents. He split his land between his brother and his son.
Diet of Worms
01/01/1521 - 12/31/1521
It was to try to get Luther to Recant and take everything back.
German Peasants Revolt
01/01/1525 - 12/31/1525
The peasants believed in his priesthood of all believers and used it to try to overthrow princes. Luther was appalled by the revolt.
Council of Trent
1545 - 1563
Reformed the Church and started the Counter-Reformation. It was slightly successful.
1546 - 1548
Protestant trade league versus the Catholic princes. It ended with the peace of Augsburg.
Peace of Augsburg
01/01/1555 - 12/31/1555
Freedom of religion to be Catholic or Lutheran. Cuius regio, euius regio.
Thirty years war
1618 - 1648
Everyone versus HRE. It started as a religious war but became political.