sikora midterm

Main

Eastern woodland Indians

800 B.C. - 800 A.D.

Eastern Woodland Culture Indian tribes inhabiting eastern United States and Canada.

Triangle slave trade

1500 - 1800

The triangle slave trade would trade slaves, cash crops, and manufacturing goods. The trade would be between west Africa, Caribbean, and America.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

It was an economic system developed in Europe

San Miguel de Guadlape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement on the United States.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1699

a colony governed by the crown through a governor and council

13 English colonies

1607 - 1733

The 13 colonies were divided into three regions New England, middle and southern colonies.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Various colonies granted by British king.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Indigo is a blue dye grown in slave plantation during the colonial period. Rice is a difficult crop to grow, it's grown on swampy soil.

rice and indigo

1700 - 1799

The United States produced Indigo and rice and traded it with other countries.

slave codes

1700 - 1850

Stricter slave laws passes in result of many slaves revolts. These also gave rules for the masters to follow.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Conflict was between British settlers of South Carolina and between Native American Indians. It killed hundreds of colonist and destroyed many settlements .

Stono rebellion

1739 - 1740

It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland.

Plantation System

1750 - 1865

harvested crops using salves. Started in Virginia and quickly spread throughout the south.

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

the french and indian war had two objectives, one was to tax colonies. and the second was to restore profitabilties from the east indian companies

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

the war was between the british and the cherokee indians. they thaought that they were betraying one another.

Regulator Movement

1764 - 1771

Western farmers who joined together and North and South Carolina to fight local government officials.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

it was also know as the American Revenue Act. and it was one of the reasons why the revolutionary war started.

regulator movement

1765 - 1771

there were two groups one was in South Carolina and the other was in North Carolina. In South Carolina, the Regulator movement was for settlers to restore law and order.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

tax by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America. it required that many printed materials in the colonies had to be produced on stamped paper.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

it was a group of american patriots.it was formed because they wanted to protect the rights of the colonists.

Tea Act

1773 - 1774

the whole purpose of the tea act was to bail out the britsih economy.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

War between the British/loyalists and the patriots. War was fighting against/for freedom. Major victory for the US. Made our country free.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

state constitution gave laws and structure to South Carolina. Written for South Carolina but then came the Declaration of Independence.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

Official government document that stated that the colonies were independent and no longer under British rule. This is why we celebrate 4th of July.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

First constitution of the United States, replaces later by the current Constitution.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

Took place in South Carolina. Turning point for the war in the south.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Major victory for the British during the American Revolution. and it took place in South Carolina.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

Last major battle of the war in SC.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

Victory for the Patriots. Took place in South Carolina.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

States all laws for our country and rights for our citizens.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1865

Compromise between the Northern and Southern states that each slave would be counted as 3/5 of a person in the population.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1788

Separated congress into two branches, the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

Made various taxes and laws.

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1865

Machine used to quickly and easily remove seeds from pieces of cotton. Invented by Eli Whitney.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808

United States restricted any cargo to ship out afraid of trade with Europe.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Conflict between United States and Great Britain over land

Nullification Controversy

1816 - 1828

Crisis during Andrew Jackson’s presidency over tariffs

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

General for the Union Army during the Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

Slave revolt planned in Charalston, SC by Denmark Vesey.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

abolitionists worked to free slavery. This informing the public of the horror of slavery and starting slave revolts.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Was an enslaved African American who later became a famous politician.

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

Created the territories Kansas and Nebraska to the United States.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

Supreme Court said whether or not Scott was a U.S. citizen even though he was a free black.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

19th presidential election of the United States.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

A person that left the Union and joined the CSA.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Government formed of southern states in the US. These states seceded from the union and created their own country.

port royal

1861 - 1862

Located in Beaufort, SC. Battle was fought here during the beginning of the Civil War.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

War between the northern and southern states in the US. Fought over many things such as slavery and land.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1862

First battle was fought here during the Civil War and the first cannon shot signaled the beginning of the war.

Cotton Trade

1861 - 1865

During the time of the Civil War, lots of cotton was growing in the south. Slaves started to produce it quickly and it was traded with countries all over the world.

"Total War"

1864 - 1865

Strategy created by William T. Sherman. Sherman and his men marched from Atlanta, GA to Savannah, GA destroying everything in their path.

Lincoln's Assassination

1865 - 1866

Lincoln and his wife were watching a play in Ford’s Theater when John Booth came from behind and shot him in the back.