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Eastern Woodland Indians

2000 B.C - 1000 A.D

Their diet consists of deer meat, bear, beaver, moose, and bison and corn, beans, and squash and they would also hunt small game like rabbit, squirrels, geese and oysters.
The Eastern Woodland tribes were one of the first to use animals to help them. They used dogs and wolves to scare the game and then they would shoot them.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

It was the first European colony in what is now America.The colony was not a successful colony at all it only lasted for 3 months during the winter.

Proprietary Colony

1600 - 1800

Any of certain early North American colonies, such as Carolina and Pennsylvania, organized in the 17th century in territories granted by the English Crown to one or more proprietors who had full governing rights.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

Mercantilism is economic nationalism for the purpose building a wealthy and powerful state.The period 1500–1800 was one of religious and commercial wars, and large revenues were needed to maintain armies and pay the growing costs of civil government.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1800

A Royal colony was ruled or administered by officials appointed by and responsible to the reigning sovereign of the parent state.
Royal colonies were those that in the absence or revocation of a private or proprietary charter came under the direct, everyday governmental control of the English monarchy.

Triangle Slave Trade

1600 - 1900

The first European slave traders were from Portugal. The little country of Portugal built the first European fort in Africa in 1481. It was called Fort Elmina. It was when people would still people from Africa and make them come back to America in tight packed ships with no food for weeks.

13 English colonies

1607 - 1752

The thirteen colonies were on the eastern-coast of now what's known as America. There were three groups of colonies and they are: The New England Colonies : Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire
The Middle Colonies : Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey
The Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia
The reasons they left their home was because they wanted to be free and to have a better life kind of like a start over in their life.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1660 - 1783

So in 1660 the government began to regulate trade with the colonies. The close regulation of trade for the benefit of the states.Rice was planted in 1670 on the experimental farm at Albemarle Point but had not grown very well. Many Carolina planters did not own land where rice could grow. But indigo could grow almost anywhere in the warm Carolina climate. Indigo plants produced a blue dye that brought a high price in Europe.

Plantation System

1700 - 1800

The Europeans began to establish settlements in the Americas. The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system. Starting in Virginia the system spread to the New England colonies. Crops grown on these plantations such as tobacco, rice, sugar cane and cotton were labour intensive

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Fighters killed hundreds of colonists and destroyed many settlements. the first year of the war the Yamasee lost about a quarter of their population, either killed or enslaved. The survivors moved south to the Altamaha River, a region that had been their homeland in the 17th century

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

Stono's rebellion was only one among the 250 rebellions documented in the Colonies and later in the southern United States. 20 black slaves met in secret near the Stono River in South Carolina to plan their escape to freedom.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War is the American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years' War. The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France. In 1756, the war escalated from a regional affair into a world-wide conflict.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Anglo–Cherokee War broke out in 1758 when Virginia militia attacked Moytoy (Amo-adawehi) of Citico in retaliation for the requisition of some horses by the Cherokee.The Cherokee finally declared open war against the British in 1759 (but were fighting independently and not as allies of France).In November 1761, the Cherokee signed a peace treaty with Virginia. They made peace with South Carolina the following year.

Regulator Movement

1760 - 1768

In South Carolina, the Regulator movement was an organized effort by backcountry settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government. Plagued by roving bands of outlaws and angered by the assembly's failure to provide the western counties with courts and petty officers, the leading planters, supported by small farmers, created an association to regulate backcountry affairs.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1765

An act for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America.The act also listed more foreign goods to be taxed including sugar, certain wines, coffee, pimiento, cambric and printed calico, and further, regulated the export of lumber and iron.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1784

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. Boston had the "Boston Caucus Club," led by Samuel Adams and comprising artisans, merchants, tradesmen, and professionals, as well as the "Loyal Nine".Groups such as these were absorbed into the greater Sons of Liberty organization. Its name comes from a speech in the British Parliament by Colonel Isaac Barré referring to the colonials as sons of liberty.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act 1765 imposed a direct tax by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America, and it required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

This was supposed to convince the colonists to purchase Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid.they colonists were so angry that it lead to the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

American War of Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War in the United States, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a world war between Britain on one side and the newly formed United States, France, Netherlands and Spain on the other.
The war was the result of the political American Revolution.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

It was a declaration declaring that the colonies were officially moving away from the mother country.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1781

It was made in 1776 but it was ratified by all thirteen states on 1781. The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1781

It was made in 1776 but it was ratified by all thirteen states on 1781. The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1778 - 1779

A little bit of the constitution:
I. That this congress being a full and free representation of the people of this colony, shall henceforth be deemed and called the general assembly of South Carolina, and as such shall continue until the twenty-first day of October next, and no longer.

II. That the general assembly shall, out of their own body, elect by ballot a legislative council, to consist of thirteen members, (seven of whom shall be a quorum,) and to continue for the same time as the general assembly.

III. That the general assembly and the said legislative council shall jointly choose by ballot from among themselves, or from the people at large, a president and commander-in-chief and a vice-president of the colony.

IV. That a member of the general assembly being chosen and acting as president and commander-in-chief, or vice-president, or one of the legislative council shall vacate his seat in the general assembly and another person shall be elected in his room; and if one of the legislative council is chosen president and commander-in-chief or vice-president, he shall lose his seat and another person shall be elected in his stead.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War. . On August 16, 1780, British forces under Lieutenant General Charles, Lord Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General Horatio Gates about 10 km north of Camden, South Carolina, strengthening the British hold on the Carolinas following the capture of Charleston.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The actual battle took place on October 7, 1780, nine miles south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina in rural York County, South Carolina, where the Patriot militia defeated the Loyalist militia commanded by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Foot.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

Morgan's army took 712 prisoners, which included 200 wounded. Even worse for the British, the forces lost (especially the British Legion and the dragoons) constituted the cream of Cornwallis' army. Additionally, 110 British soldiers were killed in action. Tarleton suffered an 86 percent casualty rate, and his brigade had been all but wiped out as a fighting force.[58] John Eager Howard quoted Maj. McArthur of the 71st Highlanders, now a prisoner of the Americans, as saying that "he was an officer before Tarleton was born; that the best troops in the service were put under 'that boy' to be sacrificed.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

The British casualty return stated the loss as 85 killed, 351 wounded and 257 missing.However, Greene reported that he had captured 500 prisoners, including 70 wounded.When Stewart moved camp on September 9, he left 54 of his wounded behind with a surgeon to attend them.These men were included in Stewart’s casualty report under the category “wounded” but the remaining 16 wounded captured by Greene would have been returned as “missing”. The disparity between Stewart’s report of 257 missing and Greene’s figure of 500 prisoners may be due to Stewart regarding the capture of his foraging party as a separate engagement and not including their losses in his casualty return for the battle.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1788

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1788

Edmund Randolph of the Virginia delegation proposed the creation of a bicameral legislature. Membership in the lower house was to be allocated in proportion to state population, and candidates were to be nominated and elected by the people of each state.

Constitution

1787 - 2013

A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.

Commerce compromise

1787 - 1789

The Commerce Compromise is when The Constitution allows the federal government to tax imports but not exports.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 2013

the cotton gin was a machine made for slaves to help pull the seeds out of the cotton quicker than pulling it out by hand. Instead of decreasing the slave population, which was what Eli Whitney the creator hoped it made the population increase more than he could imagine.They are still used today but they have become more efficient.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized as contraband of war by the belligerent European navies.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a 32 month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change. The War was basically a draw.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

Was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States.Military historian B. H. Liddell Hart famously declared that Sherman was "the first modern general"

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

It was a plot created by Vesey. Slaves were going to revolt against their masters. word got out about it and it failed. Vesey and other people involved in the plot were hung

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocating for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates who argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas and prevent its spread further west.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The root of the problem of protective tariffs is that they are almost by definition designed to assist certain segments of the economy. In the era in question, the country was distinctly divided along economic lines. Because a large percentage of Southern capital was put into land, cotton, and slaves, less capital was available for industrial for manufacturing enterprises, since in that volatile period in history they such investments were far riskier than cotton, the prime resource of the booming textile industry

Slave Codes

1833

Slave codes were laws that governed the slave owners rights and established slaves, mostly blacks, as the master's property and provided a way for injustice.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls (April 5, 1839 – February 23, 1915) was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it to freedom beyond the Federal blockade.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The decision began by concluding that Scott, as a person of African ancestry, was not a citizen of the United States and therefore had no right to sue in federal court. This holding was contrary to the practice of numerous states at the time, particularly Free states, where free blacks did in fact enjoy the rights of citizens, such as the right to vote and hold public office.[7] In what is sometimes considered mere obiter dictum the Court went on to hold that Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in federal territories because slaves are personal property and the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution protects property owners against deprivation of their property without due process of law.

Cotton Trade

1857

Is when the south decided to sell the cotton to europe and get money for it and they did the deal all through history.

Election of 1860

1860

The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.

Port Royal

1861

The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet and United States Army expeditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, on November 7, 1861

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederate States of America (CSA), also known as the Confederacy, was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States. The Confederacy recognized as members eleven states that had formally declared secession, two additional states with less formal declarations, and one new territory. The Confederacy was eventually defeated in the American Civil War against the Union.

Fort Summter

1861

The firing on fort summer was when the csa tried to take control of the northern fort which started the Civil War.

Civil war

1861 - 1865

It was a war between the north and the south over slavery which lead to the norths success

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Is when someone or something withdraws from its greater authority.