Midterm Interactive Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indiana

1000 - 1400

The Eastern Woodland Indians were natives who inhabited the eastern portion of the United States. The most well-known groups within the Eastern Woodland people, were the Cherokee Indians and the Iroquois Indians.

Merchantalism

1500 - 1800

Created in Europe, Merchantalism was an economic system which controls foreign trade. It was created to profit the countries or states who exported their goods instead of hoarding them.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

The Triangle Slave Trade took place on the Atlantic Ocean. Slaves were sold from Africa to European traders, and were later sold to colonies in the United States by ship.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1750

Mercantilism is a economic system established in Europe to make the countries prosper by its main exports. The country would import little and increase foreign trade by exporting their goods all over the world.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

Founded by Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon, San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement in "the New World." Even though the colony was able to endure many hardships like disease and harsh winters, they ended up abandoning the colony in 1527.

Port Royal

1562

Port Royal is a low country town in South Carolina. It was explored and named in 1562. During the Civil War It was the site of the Naval Battle of Port Royal in 1861.

Cotton Trade

1600

Originally cotton pickers could only remove the seeds from around one pound of cotton per day, making slow trade. After the invention of the cotton gin business for it boomed giving workers the ability to remove seeds from 50 pounds of cotton per day. This helped strengthen slavery in the South.

Royal Colony

1625 - 1776

Several colonies were made "royal" in the Untied States, and ruled by the King and Queen of England as well as their governers. It didn't end up working out well because the colonies had too much power as governing bodies, and didn't reflect the King.

The 13 English Colonies

1630 - 1750

Many hopeful settlers left their mother-country England in hope of a better life in the "New World." Over time, they created many towns and farms throughout the East Coast, Creating the thirteen colonies. These included Virginia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Georgia.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Proprietary Colonies were places granted by their mother country or "crown" to have their own governing rights. That means that one or more individuals received full rights to self-govern.

Rice and Indigo Trading

1680 - 1740

Rice ad Indigo were South Carolinas main exports during this time period. Rice was grown successfully in South Carolina since 1680, and Indigo was highly demanded in Europe; in 1740 being produced in quantities, the industry disapearing soon after the war.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was fought between the Native Americas and the British settler in South Carolina. The Natives became annoyed by the English traders and felt cheated , the traders occasionally killing a warrior to supplement out the trade.

Stono Rebelion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was the biggest reported uprising of slaves against their owners, killing them and burning down their homes. After journeying for ten miles the rebels were confronted by the militia and put to death.

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

Also called the "Seven - Years War," it was a conflict between France and British Colonies in the states over the expansion of the Ohio Valley. The French were joined by the Native Americans who were afraid that the British would take over their land. The war ended in 1759 when the British general captured Quebec, and the peace treaty was signed in 1763.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee War was fought between Britian and the Cherokee Indians. It was fought during the French and Indian War. They used to be allies but tensions grew with suspicion of betrayal.

Regulator Movement

1760 - 1771

The Regulator Movement was when rebels from the Carolinas fought against royal government officials and their unfair systems. They wanted to establish local governments with "law and order" and fair tax distribution.

Sugar Act

April 5 1764 - 1766

The sugar act put a tax on foreign sugar, coffee, indigo, and types of wine. It was a modified version of the Molasses Act imposed on the New World in 1733. Britain did this to pay for colony security. When the Americans boycotted the act, it united them more as a country.

Sons of Liberty

1765

They were a group of men who believed that liberty was their right. It began when a group of artisans and shoemakers were protesting against the stamp act. The Sons of Liberty wanted to be part of the protests and flame the rebellions but at the same time not receive to much public exposure as a group.

Stamp Act

March 22 1765 - 17 March 1766

The Stamp Act was a direct tax that the British Parliament placed on the colonies of British America. It was a tax on the paper used throughout the colonies. It was intended to help pay off the Seven Years War. The colonist eventually resulted to violent matters, and it was repealed in 1766.

Tea Act

May 10 1773 - 1778

This was designed for Britain to help the East India Company which was deeply in debt and was burdened with millions of pounds of tea in its storage. The colonists were never a fan of the act, and that eventually led to the Boston Tea Party. That movement led to much British resistance and force which led to the war.

Revolutionary War

April 19 1775 - September 3 1783

The Revolutionary War was known as the American War of Independence. It was fought between the British colonies who were loyal to Britain, Britain, and the British colonists who wanted independence. It was ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris, where Britain acknowledged America's independence.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

March 26, 1776

On March 26, 1776, South Carolina created their own temporary state constitution. It was to make them eligible to self-govern. They created this before the Declaration of Independence was published.

Declaration of Independence

June 1776 - July 4 1776

The Declaration of Independence stated that America's 13 colonies would be independent from Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson drafted the document, which was later finalized by the Congress. It was adopted by congress on July 4th, 1776, which is why we celebrate Independence Day today.

Articles of Confederation

November 15 1777 - March 1 1781

The Articles of Confederation basically served as the States first constitution. This document gave them all a sense of one unified government, and become a nation. It resulted weak, and was later rewritten.

Battle of Camden

August 16 1780

The British forces were under command of General Charles Cornwallis and the American forces were under command of General Horatio Gates. This battle took place in South Carolina, and was one of the most disastrous losses of the war. The British over estimated the number of his soldiers and was beat two to one.

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7 1780

This battle is also referred to as the turning point in Americas war for independence. This battle ended the British's invasion towards North Carolina. It also gave the American's time to reorganize their army.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17 1781

This battle is also referred to as the turning point of the war in the South. It took place in Cowpens, South Carolina. The Americans set up a good plan and won easily. This really helped boost their confidence.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8 1781

In this battle the Americans first advanced on Britain. The British were eventually able to make a counter attack. However, the British were too weakened to finish and suffered their greatest loss of men, so they withdrew.

The Constitution

1786 - 1787

The Constitution was basically a revision of the Articles of Confederation. Representatives from each state were sent to Philadelphia to debate on revisions, and they agreed on a completely new type of document.The constitution now includes 27 rights/limitations in our country.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The 3/5 compromise was created by Northern and Southern states in 1787. They agreed that slaves would count as 3/5 a person in both taxation and representation. It helped settle the North and Souths arguments over regional power.

Commerce Compromise

1787

Northerners and Southerners were fighting over government tariffs. So the commerce compromise was created, and the government could only tax imports and not exports. The arguments occurred during the Constitutional Convention.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

During the Constitutional Convention delegates argued over how many representatives each state should have. They agreed that all states would have an equal number of representatives. This favored both states, and settled disputes.

Cotton Gin

1793

The cotton gin was a cotton harvesting device created in 1793 by Eli Whitney. People didn't have to hand pick cotton anymore, speeding up the process. This turned cotton into a major cash-crop.

Embargo Act

1807

This law was passed by congress in 1807. It stopped all trade between America and other foreign countries. America wanted Britain and France to stop limiting their trade with them during the war, but it backfired because they couldn't import the things they needed.

War of 1812

June 18 1812 - February 18 1815

Sometimes called the "Forgotten War," The War of 1812 was a dispute between America and Britain. It was caused by arguments over trade, shipping and British naval harassment. It resulted in an American victory.

William T. Sherman

February 8 1820 - February 14 1891

Sherman commanded the Union armies in the Civil War and is know for his famous "march to the sea" across Georgia. His troops set a path of destruction in the South causing a sink in the Confederacy's will to fight, as well as loss of supplies. He is recognized alongside Ulysses Grant as a strong and wise general of the war.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

This plot was created by African American, Denmark Vesey. Slaves were to revolt against their owners, but the word got out about the plan and it failed. The leaders including Vesey were later hanged.

Ft. Sumter

1829

The construction of Ft. Sumter began after the War of 1812 in 1829. It is located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The first shots of the American Civil War were fired there.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the Abolitionist Movement was to rid of racial discrimination and segregation. Many Southern states disagreed with abolitionists. Some abolitionists were in government, some spoke out, and others helped slaves escape to freedom.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Controversy was the tension between South Carolina senator John C. Calhoun and President Andrew Jackson. They were arguing over whether a state could invalidate federal law or not. Nullification ended up failing.

Robert Smalls

April 5 1839 - February 23 1915

Robert Smalls was an African American slave who became a sea captain during the civil war, and after a politician. He freed his family, crew, and himself in 1862, by steering a Confederate transport ship, the "CSS Planter." He sailed it into the Charleston harbor and surrendering it to the Federal blockade.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The U.S. had open area with opportunity for farm owners. This went along with "popular sovereignty". This allowed settlers of one of the territories to decide whether to use slavery or not.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Dred Scott Decision was made by the supreme court in 1857. He was an African American who had lived in a free state with his master, and wanted to declare independence as a citizen. The court declined, and said that under the Constitution he was his owners property.

Election of 1860

November 6 1860

The election of 1860 was between Abraham Lincoln John Bell John Breckinridge, and Stephen A. Douglas. It was heavily influenced by questions on slavery. Lincoln ended up winning the election.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

This was created by a number of Southern states who had declared secession from the States. It was created during the Montgomery Convention, after Lincoln's inauguration. The first state to secede was South Carolina.

Secessionist

1861

It is a person who secedes from the U.S. They can also just support the secession. Many states joined the secession including South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas

"Total War"

1861

The total war strategy used by the North against the South was he "Anaconda Plan." The North but a blockade on the Confederate ports, preventing imports of supplies or exports. The North succeeded, but the South suffered greatly.

Civil War

April 12 1861 - May 9 1865

The Civil War was the result of the rivalries between the North and South. It was focused on slavery, states rights, and preserving the union. After the election of President Lincoln southern states began to secede, and formed the Confederate States of America. Through many major battles the Northern forces eventually conquered the South.

Slave Codes

1862

This code gave slave owners total control/power over their slaves. It included slave restrictions and rules, as well as punishments. It varied between states, but was very similar.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14 1865

Lincoln actually has nightmares about being killed before the event, as well as his wife having bad feelings about it. The assassination was planned by the popular actor John Wilkes Booth. He hoped to fire up Confederate cause again. The President was killed at Ford's Theatre and apparently was the happiest his wife had seen him in a long time.

Plantation System

1937

The colonial plantation system is set up on mass production agriculturally. Regions with history of having a plantation system are the U.S., South America, the Caribbean, and Africa. It is also associated with large slave exports.