War between Persians and the Greeks. Greeks win both wars.
Greece at its height - art, architecture, wealth.
War between Sparta and Athens, Sparta wins.
Great military figure of the Macedonians, amassed an empire.
The kind took advice from a council of elders, which limited his power. His position was not hereditary; instead, he was elected by a committee of 300 members of the ruling patrician class - the Senate.