Humans controlled their destine.
Florence is were it started.
It allowed the French King to appoint Bishops in France if Pope was stronger than church councils.
She was ruled for her children. She did not become a good politique since she had Protestants killed.
Happened during Wedding of a Huguenot and many Protestants died. Pope gave messenger a bag of gold.
"Paris is well worth a mass" is his famous quote. He kept changing religions to get throne. Made it legal to be a Huguenot with Edict of Nantes. He was a politique since he was tolerant of religion. He was killed by religious zealot.
He gave power to Richelieu. French Academy made an official dictionary. They took the power away from Nobles by taking their castles away. He took the Huguenots walls away. He fought the Hapsburgs in Thirty year war.
Richelieu sends French troops to fight Hapsburg because they were to powerful. "By the time this is over, France is the strongest Country in Europe."
He said "I am the state". He was bad at economics because he spent so much money he dd not have to build Versailles. He repelled the Edict of Nantes. He controlled nobles by making them move to Versailles. Controlled Hugues by making their religion illegal.
France wanted Spance. France lost everyone else won.
Rocco is his art style. Madam de Pompador was his mistress.
Published Spirit of Laws. Believed that the government should be divided into three branches of government and checks and balances.
Austria vs Prussia on content fighting over territory. Off content Austria Allies( France and Russia). vs Prussia allies (England) fought over colonies. Treaty of Paris 1763 no major changes in Europe only colonies gained by Britain in America.
Published Candide. "I disagree what you say but will defend your right to say it". Wanted to destroy the church.
Wrote Social Contract and Emile. Wanted students to learn naturally no formal education. People should do what they want no thinking before speaking. Against structure of Enlightenment.
Marie Antoinette was unattarctive, overspending, and Austrian. Louis incompetent and was guillotined for treason
France hated Britain. France lost a lot of money.
Abee Sieyes was a 3rd estate author. Assignats currency backed by church property taken by Revolutionaries.Civil Constitution of the Clergy put the church completely under control of the revolutionary government.Constitution of 1791 established a constitutional monarchy.
National Convention took over and ruled. Committee of Public Safety run by Robespierre lead the Reign of Terror by killing people. Thermidorian Reaction was agains reign of terror.
Oligarchy that was weak and inefficient. Was not a good form of government but was better then the previous government. It relied on the military to much.
Concordat 1801 made it legal to be a Catholic. Napoleonic Code allowed people to earn their title. Continental System made it illegal to trade with the English. Fought Spain in Peninsular War (1808-1812). Fought Russia winter defeated
his army. Hundred Days was the time he came out of exile. Waterloo where he was finally defeated.
He was brothers to Louis XVI. He was important to charter of 1814 because he needed it to get power.
3 goals were to restore kings to thrones, reparations for war loss, and prevent future wars. France was represented by Charles Maurice. He had good influence on the decisions.
Conservative. July Ordinances gave the King more power. The people revolted.
Against Charles X. The Barricades in the street where sometimes believed to be in the French Revolution but really were in this revolt lead by the common man.
Called the Citizen King and reign was known as the " July Monarchy" He helped the people unlike other monarchs. Ignored the demands of the Urban Factory Worker and caused the February Revolt.
Against Louis Philippe. A Provisional Government took over.
Louis Blanc was the leader. He wanted Public workshops for all. They did not work and the overthrew him. The June Days were against this government.
4 days in June. The People did not like that the workshops failed. A Republic took over.
A Republic. They could Vote. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte. Influenced by Socialism.
Loose confederation of many small countries. Not very powerful.
He made a printing press which allowed the bible and other documents to be made quickly in native languages.
Believers were saved by faith not Works. All Believers could pray to God and equal in the eyes of God in Priesthood of all believers. Believed that people were not equal in government.
Universal Monarch was his nickname. He inherited his land from both sides of his family. He split his empire with his son getting Spain and brother getting Holy Roman Empire.
They wanted Luther to confess that he was lying to people. Luther did not confess.
They wanted to be equal in government because Luther said they were equal in the eyes of God. Luther condemned their actions.
It was a council trying to reform the Catholic Church. It made some changes to the Catholic church but did not fix the damage already done.
It was Catholics Versus Lutherans leads to Peace of Augsburg.
It allowed the Prince of an area to decide which religion they wanted to be Lutheran or Catholic.Cuius regio, eius religio.
Catholics Versus Protestants. France joined the Protestants to take down the Hapsburgs.
Allowed people to be more religions. Netherlands was split and one half Protestant other Catholic.
3 goals were to restore kings to thrones, reparations for war loss, and prevent future wars. Poland was split up. Concert of Europe was an alliance that would prevent people from fighting.
Had many ethnic groups.
Labor Tax( forced labor)such as working on roads and things that improved the country.
The Ottomans tried to take Vienna but the Polish came to save the day.
Pragmatic Sanction which allowed anyone to inherit the thrown, but the Empire must stay together.
It allowed Maria Teresa to inherit the throne.
She started reforms such as no more torture. Allowed to rule because of Pragmatic Sanction.
The Prussian Empire attacked the Austrian Empire. Prussia won but not as much as they hoped. Silesia became part of Prussia.
Austria vs Prussia. Britain Won. Yes England Won.
Maria Theresa was his mother. He was the most reformed ruler of his time.
Metternich System suppressed of revolutionary and nationalist movements. Carlsbad Decrees banned national movements in Germany. Concert of Europe was their to keep balance of power. He hated Nationalism and Revolutionaries.
The people wanted democracy inspired by nationalism. King Ferdinand's troops led by General Radetzky destroyed the revolts.
Sparta of the North.
“The Soldier King” because he built up the Prussian army to a World Power.
Austria Vs. Prussia. Prussia won. Silesia gained by Prussia.
He allowed Jews into his country. He also did not uphold the agreement not to attack Maria Theresa in Pragmatic Sanction.
Austria vs Prussia on content fighting over territory. Off content Austria Allies( France and Russia). vs Prussia allies (England) fought over colonies. Treaty of Paris 1763 no major changes in Europe only colonies gained by Britain in America. This is the third time this event happened on this timeline. I started Coping and Pasting.
aid everyone should be treated equal. early German romantic and showed paintings as storms. Wanted Germany to unify.
The argument if Germany should unify should Austria be included.
That the power comes and goes from the ruling class as they our taken over by their underlings.
Wanted to unify Germany. They offered a crown to Friedrich Wilhelm IV. He refused since it was offered to him by elected officials and not nobles.
The Political Structure divided into city states.
Ruled by Medici. They were powerful because they owned the banks.
He was a son of Pope Alexander the 6th. He wanted to unify Italy which Machiavelli wanted.
Ruler of Florence. He was a banker. Gave money to artists.
He was a friar that said the Medics were corrupt. H convinces the people to run them out and give himself power until they realized he was crazy.
It was in Rome since Church had all the money.
This was a book that said that a Prince should be feared not loved.
The Renaissance Ended when Charles V invaded on invitation of Ll Moro.
It was for the perfect Renaissance Man. Then It talked about perfect lady.
Showed that the Earth revolted around the Sun and made fun of the Pope. Catholic Church got mad.
He wanted better treatment for Prisoners and no more death penalty.
The unification of Italy. Neogufs( under Pope), Young Italy (republic) and, Sardinians (constitutional monarchy).
3 goals were to restore kings to thrones, reparations for war loss, and prevent future wars. Parts of Italy given to Austria http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTUuXaNo_H2lN5GwZtjt5nQjAEQcNSbYR6wiDuf3xBA6W4xiDce-fgpQ7f-3Q
The Pope called in French troops which destroyed the Movement.
Leader of Young Italy. He wanted a Republic.