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Eastern Woodland Indians

600 BC - 200 BC

They lived between the Atlantic and the Mississippi, and the Cherokee were the largest tribe in SC.

Mercantilism

1400 - 1700

The belief that the government control of foreign trade helps the military.

Cotton Trade

1600

The south traded cotton with European countries. Thanks to the cotton gin, cotton was a major cash crop, so the southern colonies recivied large profits from the trade.

Rice & Indigo Trade

1680 - 1740

South Carolina traded rice and indigo with European countries. The industry disappeared after the war though.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

North Carolina and South Carolina citizens tried to get rid of corrupt officials. It was unsuccessful.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1776

Patriots who revolted against British tax laws.
Responsible for the Boston Tea Party.

Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. It allowed cotton to be picked much faster than by hand. The cotton gin was responsible for the institutionalization of slavery in the South, and caused cotton to become a major cash crop.

Abolitonist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the abolitionist movement was to get rid of slavery. Frederick Douglas escaped slavery and became the 'voice' of the movement.

Nullification Contraversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Contraversy was a disagreement between John C. Calhoun and Andrew Jackson on whether or not states could nullify laws.

Election of 1860

1860

The Election of 1860 was the 16th presidential election. The southern candidates were pro-slavery, while the northern candidates were anti-slavery. Abraham Lincoln won the election and became the 16th President of the United States.

Secessionist

1861

A secessionist was a person (or state) that either secceded from the Union or supported the succesion from the Union.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederate States of America, or the CSA, was a collection of 11 states that seceded from the Union. Jefferson Davis became the president of the CSA.

"Total War"

1861

Total war was used by the Union side in the Civil War. William T. Sherman had the idea of using it by coming up with the Anaconda Plan.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 1865

Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while watching a play at Ford's Theater.

Plantation System

1937

The plantation system was when large areas of land were divided into smaller areas and given private ownership.

Wars and Battles

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

It was the Yemassee VS the British. The British won, and the Yemassee fled to Florida.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Great Britain VS France and Native Americans. The British won, and the war was ended by the Treaty of Paris.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Cherokee VS Great Britain. Britain won, and the Cherokee fled to the north.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was a war fought between Great Britain and the American colonies to gain the colonies's independence.

Battle of Camden

August 1780

The Battle of Camden was a battle of the Revolutionary War fought in Kershaw County. Over half of the American troops were either captured or killed, and the British won the battle.

Battle of Kings Mountian

October 1780

The Battle of Kings Mountian was the turning point of the Revolutionary War for the Americans. It was fought in York County.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major battle in the Carolinas.

Battle of Cowpens

January 1782

The Battle of Cowpens was fought in Cherokee County. The Americans won, and as a result, the British left South Carolina.

War of 1812

June 1812 - February 1815

The War of 1812 was fought between the Americans and the British. It was caused by the British harrassment of American ships, and the war united the Low Country and the Up Country. No one won it.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was caused by disagreements about slavery, states rights, and other issues. The Union won and slavery was abolished.

Acts/Compromises/Documents

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Taxes put on sugar, coffee, and wine imported from Great Britain to the American colonies.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The British put taxes on all paper products sold in the colonies to support their troops.

Tea Act

1773 - 1778

The Tea Act lowered the prices on Great Britain's tea to try to get the colonies to buy it, so that the company could be saved.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

South Carolina created a temporary constitution that gave them the right to self-govern. It was created before the Declaration of Independence was signed.

Declaration of Independence

June 1776

Thomas Jefferson wrote the original draft, and it was signed on July 4.

Articles of Confederation

November 1777 - March 1781

The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the US. It was very weak and gave the federal government a minimal amount of power.

Constitution

1786 - 2013

The constitution is a revision of the Articles of Confederation. It was written down by Gouverneur Morris, and signed by 39 out of the 55 delegates who contributed to the writing of the document.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This allowed the federal government to tax imports but not exports

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

This settled the issue of how the states would be represented in Congress. It split Congress into the Senate and the House of Represenatives, with the Senate containing two representatives per state, and the House containing representation by population.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1865

The 3/5 Compromise stated that, in official population counts, slaves are recorded as 3/5 of a person.

Embargo Act

1807

The Embargo Act prevented American ships from going to any foreign destination.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The territory of Kansas was split into Kansas and Nebraska and the allowation of slavery in the two states was decided by the citizens of the states.

Places/People/Slaves

Triangle Slave Trade

1450 - 1800

England sent manufactured goods to Africa, Africa sent slaves to America, and America sent raw materials to England.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First European settlement in America. It lasted 3 months.

Port Royal

1562

Port Royal is an island off of the Port Royal Sound. During the Civil War, the Battle of Port Royal was fought here.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1732

Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

The proprietary colonies included Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They were allowed by Great Britain to self-govern.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1775

Royal colonies were ruled directly by the king and queen of Great Britain.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

44 blacks and 21 whites were killed. I was the largest slave revolt before the revolutionary war.

William T. Sherman

February 1820 - February 1891

William T. Sherman was a Union general. He had the idea to use the strategy of total war.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

The Denmark Vesey Plot was a slave revolt planned by Denmark Vesey in Charleston. The plans were exposed and the leaders were hung, including Vesey.

Robert Smalls

April 1839 - February 1915

Robert Smalls was a slave who got freedom for himself and for his family by sailing a ship out of the Charelston Harbor.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Dred Scott Decision stated that slavery couldn't be excluded from any territory, because slaves were property that could be taken wherever.

Ft. Sumter

1861

**1861 was when Fort Sumter was fired at.
Ft. Sumter is located in Charleston, and the first shots of the Civil War were fired there. After the firing, Arkansas, Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina left the Union.

Slave Codes

1862

The Slave Codes were rules, restrictions, and other guidlines relating to the treatment and punishment of slaves. They became stricter as a result of slave revolts.