Patriots who revolted against British tax laws.
Responsible for the Boston Tea Party.
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. It allowed cotton to be picked much faster than by hand. The cotton gin was responsible for the institutionalization of slavery in the South, and caused cotton to become a major cash crop.
1830 - 1870
The goal of the abolitionist movement was to get rid of slavery. Frederick Douglas escaped slavery and became the 'voice' of the movement.
The Election of 1860 was the 16th presidential election. The southern candidates were pro-slavery, while the northern candidates were anti-slavery. Abraham Lincoln won the election and became the 16th President of the United States.
Creation of the Confederate States of America
1861 - 1865
The Confederate States of America, or the CSA, was a collection of 11 states that seceded from the Union. Jefferson Davis became the president of the CSA.
A secessionist was a person (or state) that either secceded from the Union or supported the succesion from the Union.
Total war was used by the Union side in the Civil War. William T. Sherman had the idea of using it by coming up with the Anaconda Plan.
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while watching a play at Ford's Theater.
The plantation system was when large areas of land were divided into smaller areas and given private ownership.
Wars and Battles
1715 - 1717
It was the Yemassee VS the British. The British won, and the Yemassee fled to Florida.
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
Great Britain VS France and Native Americans. The British won, and the war was ended by the Treaty of Paris.
1758 - 1761
Cherokee VS Great Britain. Britain won, and the Cherokee fled to the north.
1775 - 1783
The Revolutionary War was a war fought between Great Britain and the American colonies to gain the colonies's independence.
Battle of Camden
The Battle of Camden was a battle of the Revolutionary War fought in Kershaw County. Over half of the American troops were either captured or killed, and the British won the battle.
Battle of Kings Mountian
The Battle of Kings Mountian was the turning point of the Revolutionary War for the Americans. It was fought in York County.
Battle of Eutaw Springs
The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major battle in the Carolinas.
Battle of Cowpens
The Battle of Cowpens was fought in Cherokee County. The Americans won, and as a result, the British left South Carolina.
War of 1812
June 1812 - February 1815
The War of 1812 was fought between the Americans and the British. It was caused by the British harrassment of American ships, and the war united the Low Country and the Up Country. No one won it.
1861 - 1865
The Civil War was caused by disagreements about slavery, states rights, and other issues. The Union won and slavery was abolished.
1764 - 1766
Taxes put on sugar, coffee, and wine imported from Great Britain to the American colonies.
1765 - 1766
The British put taxes on all paper products sold in the colonies to support their troops.
1773 - 1778
The Tea Act lowered the prices on Great Britain's tea to try to get the colonies to buy it, so that the company could be saved.
South Carolina Constitution of 1776
South Carolina created a temporary constitution that gave them the right to self-govern. It was created before the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson wrote the original draft, and it was signed on July 4.
Articles of Confederation
November 1777 - March 1781
The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the US. It was very weak and gave the federal government a minimal amount of power.
1786 - 2013
The constitution is a revision of the Articles of Confederation. It was written down by Gouverneur Morris, and signed by 39 out of the 55 delegates who contributed to the writing of the document.
1787 - 1865
The 3/5 Compromise stated that, in official population counts, slaves are recorded as 3/5 of a person.
This allowed the federal government to tax imports but not exports
1787 - 1800
This settled the issue of how the states would be represented in Congress. It split Congress into the Senate and the House of Represenatives, with the Senate containing two representatives per state, and the House containing representation by population.
The Embargo Act prevented American ships from going to any foreign destination.
The territory of Kansas was split into Kansas and Nebraska and the allowation of slavery in the two states was decided by the citizens of the states.
Triangle Slave Trade
1450 - 1800
England sent manufactured goods to Africa, Africa sent slaves to America, and America sent raw materials to England.
San Miguel de Gualdape
1526 - 1527
First European settlement in America. It lasted 3 months.
Port Royal is an island off of the Port Royal Sound. During the Civil War, the Battle of Port Royal was fought here.
13 English Colonies
1607 - 1732
Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia.
1629 - 1729
The proprietary colonies included Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They were allowed by Great Britain to self-govern.
1729 - 1775
Royal colonies were ruled directly by the king and queen of Great Britain.
1739 - 1740
44 blacks and 21 whites were killed. I was the largest slave revolt before the revolutionary war.
William T. Sherman
February 1820 - February 1891
William T. Sherman was a Union general. He had the idea to use the strategy of total war.
Denmark Vesey Plot
The Denmark Vesey Plot was a slave revolt planned by Denmark Vesey in Charleston. The plans were exposed and the leaders were hung, including Vesey.
April 1839 - February 1915
Robert Smalls was a slave who got freedom for himself and for his family by sailing a ship out of the Charelston Harbor.
Dred Scott Decision
The Dred Scott Decision stated that slavery couldn't be excluded from any territory, because slaves were property that could be taken wherever.
**1861 was when Fort Sumter was fired at.
Ft. Sumter is located in Charleston, and the first shots of the Civil War were fired there. After the firing, Arkansas, Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina left the Union.
The Slave Codes were rules, restrictions, and other guidlines relating to the treatment and punishment of slaves. They became stricter as a result of slave revolts.