Midterm study guide

A full time line and basic summary of everything we've learned in Social Studies from the first semester.

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The Eastern Woodland Indians were different tribes of Native Americans living east of the Mississippi in the thick woodland. Some include the Cherokee, and the Powhatan.

Triangle Trade

1440 - 1460

The Triangle Trade was the series of tade between America, England, and Africa. Crops would be brought to Europe, man made goods are brought to Africa, and slaves to America.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Goverment control and protection of foreign trade

Royal Colony

1533 - 1733

Colonies controlled by parent countries.

San Miguel de Allende

1541 - 1811

Major Mexican city where Ignacio Allende was born (Important during the Mexican revolutionary war)

13 colonies

1607 - 1733

The 13 colonies were founded by Britain on the east coast of America. These states included Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Conneticute, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, and Providence Plantations.

Slave codes

1650 - 1863

Due to fear of slave uprisings, owners set up a system of laws to prevent slaves from getting out of hand.

Yemasee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemasee War was a conflict between the Americans and the natives. It took place in SC and included tribes of Catawaba, Cherokee, Waxhaw, Santee, and the Yemasee.

Proprietary colony

1729

States that see their own laws as the highest authority

Sons of Liberty

1733

An American activist group based around protecting colonists from taxes.

Tea Act

1733 - 1861

A British tax on America that puts taxes on tea. One of the events that pushed for the American Revolution.

Sugar Act

1733 - 1766

A British tax on America putting a tax on sugar and molasses. One of the events that pushed the American Revolution.

Stono Rebelion

1739 - 1740

The largest slave revolt in America; 20 slaves marched to Spanish freedom, recruiting, burning plantations, and killing whites along the way

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A war between British and French Americana colonies over two vital rivers.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Between the British and the Cherokee during the French and Indian War. Was started over the British tricking the Cherokee.

Cotton and Indigo Trade

1763 - 1783

Both are crops that dominated British-colonial trade

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Citizens took arms up against plantation officers.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

A British tax on American printed items. One of events that pushed for the American Revolution.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

A war between America and Britian over the independence of the American colonies.

South Carolina constitution of 1776

1776

A basis for laws to be set upon, and to define the government of SC.

Declaration of Independence

1776

A document written by America declaring its freedom from Britian and the start of the Revolutionary War.

Cotton trade

1780

Cotton was one of the main cash crops and an economical staple in southern economy.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

A Revolutionary war battle fought between American patriots and American loyalists.

Battle of Candem

1780

A war in the south that was a huge win for the British, and a devastating loss for America.

Articles of Confederation

1781

The constitution of the Confederacy.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

An American campein to reclaim SC.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

A war turning point as the British reclaimed SC.

Commerce Compromise

1787

A compromise formed between the north and south during the constitutional convention; they would tax imports but not exports.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

A compromise made during the constitutional convention; big states claimed they should be weighted more in votes because they have larger populations, but the smaller ones claimed their vote would be smothered. The compromise decided that each state would be represented by 2 senate and a certain number of house seats based on population.

Constitution

1787 - 2013

A set of laws or code of a country that dictates the basis of the country.

Three-Fifths Compromise

1787

A compromise made during the Philadelphia convention, it stated that a slave counted 3/5ths of a vote.

Cotton Gin

1793

Invented by Eli Whitney, the cotton gin automatically removes the seeds from cotton.

Embargo Act

1807

A united states embargo put on France and Britain for attacking American ships.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The war was over the Embargo act between America, Britain, and France, and Britain encouraging Native Americans to attack colonists.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

General for the North in the Civil War. Invented the Concept of total war.

Abolitionist movement

1820

A movement of anti slave ideas and campiens, is the basis of the original republican party.

Denmark Vessey Plot

1822

A failed plot for slaves to overthrow their masters.

Nullification controvesy

1832

Congress began to pass tariffs that the south didn't feel applied to them so they nullified (ignored them). There was much controversy over the subject because the president believed in strong government, and the vice in strong states.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Former slave who became a captain, politician, and a pilot.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Formed the borders of Kansas and Nebraska, making it void of the Mississippi Compromise.

Dred Scott Desicion

1857

A supreme court case were a black person was a slave in a no slavery zone. He took his case to court, but the court ruled it could and never would be able to intervene in cases of slavery.

Election of 1860

1860

The election Abe Lincoln was elected president, he was the first republican (abolitionist) president.

Port Royal

1861

Civil war battle where the North captured port royal in SC.

Ft Sumter

1861

The first battle of the Civil War.

Creation of Confederat States of America

1861 - 1865

The South seceded from the north due to conflict of interest, starting the Civil War.

Total War

1864 - 2013

Total war is the concept of war of destroying all in ones path, including civilian areas and civilians.

Lincoln's Assasination

1865

Lincoln was assassinated in the theater by Booth.

Plantation System

1865

Land owned by private owners in where cash crops were grown by colonists.