South Carolina History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

These were Native Americans who lived in the Eastern United States.

Triangle Slave Trade

1450 - 1750

This was a trading of slaves. This was a voyage that stared when the slave traders left Europe and went straight to African West coast to collect slaves and then they would finally sail to America. This voyage took about 12 months or a year. When they finnaly got to America the slave would be sold.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1475 - 1526

A man from Spain called Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon established San Miguel de Gualdape in the south, but this was a fail because within a year many diseases and famine accrued. When the settler returned to Santo Domingo only 150 men returned out of the original 600.

13 English Colonies

1585 - 1732

The first 13 colonies that started in the east coast of United States.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

A economical system use to advance our Military.

Plantation System

1607 - 1865

This system splitting land into smaller pieces. These smaller lands were owned by private owners.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1865

This code were like guidlines for the states.These laws said that slave owners had absollute power over their slaves.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1729

Certain groups of people that were appointed by the British crown and were guaranteed rights.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Rice was grown in SC during the late 1600s. Rice and indigo trade ended when a massive hurricanes washed out the rice and indigo plaines and fields.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

A War between settlers of South Carolina and the Indians in the native areas. But in the end the war was not much of a threat.

Royal Colony

1732 - 1752

A royal colony is a colony that is ruled by a king.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

Well there was a slave named Jemmy, he led several of slaves into a revolt. Many of them were killed,But the slaves eventually lost the fight.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian war was a war between the French ,British, Indians

Stamp Act

1756 - 1766

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act put taxes on legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies. This had to be paid in British Currency.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

A big conflict started between Britain, Cherokee,and the Indians.Cherokee ended up making peace with South Carolina.

Sugar Act

1764

This was a time period when the British began putting taxes on sugar.

Regular Movement

1765 - 1771

An uprising in North and South Carolina when the colonists went against colonial officials.This was unsuccessful.

Sons Of Liberty

1765 - 1776

An organization created to free the colonies from Britain’s rule.

Tea Act

1773

This was a law passed by the British government to allow raising the tariff on tea and letting tea traders to sell more tea to the colonies. Eventually this led to the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was the fight for independence between the United States and their allies (France, Netherlands, Spain) and Great Britain.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The S.C Constitution was a document that was used to establish an official government. This document was made before the United States Constitution.

Declaration of Independence

1776

On July 4th the constitutional representatives passed a document
declaring that the US was now independent from British control.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

This was the first attempt of the United States’ formation for a constitution. But later on this had to be replaced because it was really weak and it was outdated. It was replaced in 1781.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

This was a battle fought between the patriot and the loyalist.This battle took place in the south. this was a turning point for the Revolutionary war.

Battle of Camden

1780

This battle was fought against the British. Brittish wanted to to win because then they would be in control of the Carolina's.This was a one day battle.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

This was one of the last mayor battles in the revolutionary war.The British won but it took a lot of hardwork, and many life's were lost.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

The battle of Cowpens was a turing point for south carolina. , were the british surrendered.

Cotton Trade

1784

After the cotton grain inventsion, cotton trade became a really easy thing to produce.When trading the cotton was mostly uses as material for clothing.

3/5 Compromise

1787

This was a law that said that three-fifths of a state’s slave population was to be added to it’s free population. This was made so that the Southern States wouldn’t have control of Congress.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This was when the federal government was able to tax imports but not exports. This was used to increase national revenue.

Great Compromise

1787

This Comprimise allowed for deliberations to continue and this led to the Three Fifths comprimise.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

The Constitution was the revised version of the Articles of Confederation. The consitiution gave more power to the federal government and less to the states.

Cotton Gin

1794

This machine was invented by Eli Whitney. It made it easier to clean cotton.The porpose of this was to get rid of slavery.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

This was a law created by President Thomas Jefferson. The purpose of this law was force Great Britain and France out of war. It was also made so that the American ships would not trade with the battling nations, but It failed.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

This war was between the United States and Great Britain over issues that were not settled in the Revolutionary War.

Nullification Controversy

1816 - 1828

This was a conflict during Andrew Jackson’s presidency over tariffs. Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun disagreed over this.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was a general for the Union Army during the Civil War. He also created the strategy of the “Total War”.

Denark Vesey plot

1822

Denark Vesey and associates got executed after trying to form a slave revolt. The revolt fail after the Charleston authorities found out.

Abolitionist Movement

1830

The abolitionists goal was to end racial discrimination and segregation.

Robert Smalls

1830 - 1870

This man was an enslaved African American. Later on became a famous politician. Was a representative for South Carolina in the House, and convinced President Lincoln to allow African American soldiers in the union army.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Controversy was a tariff enforced by Andrew Jackson. He places taxes on basically everything, making it harder for merchants to live.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1856

the Kansas-Nebraska Act opened new lands for settlement. It also created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

This was about a free black man that was not a slave. The Supreme Court was deciding whether Scott should be considered a U.S citizen or not. In the end he was denied U.S citizenship.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

The time period of 1860 is when America elected our 16th president Abraham Lincon.This was the 19th persidential election.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Government formed of southern states in the US. These states seceded from the union and created their own country. We were unhappy with the Union and how they were treating the south.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Many southern states became secessionist during the Civil War. They became a Secessionist becaue they left the Union and joined the CSA.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

This War was fought between the northern(Union) and southern(Conederacy) states in the US. These two fought over many things such as slavery, land, etc. In the end, the Union won and the confederacy rejoined the Union.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1862

The First battle was fought here during the Civil War.Battleground in Charalston, SC

Port Royal

1861

Located in Beaufort, SC.

“Total War”

1864 - 1865

The "Total War" was a strategy created by William T. Sherman. this strategy was used when Sherman and his men marched from Atlanta, GA to Savannah, GA.They destroying everything in their path which evetually made the Confederate soldiers weak.

Lincoln’s Assassination

1865

While Lincoln and his wife were watching a play in Ford’s Theater, a man named John Booth came from behind and shot him in the back of the ear.Lincoln died from this shot.