Midterm Timeline - SC History - Michael Caramello

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 BC - 1000

Were the Native Americans that lived in Pre-Colonial America. Eventually adopted different cultures and time passed, and technology advanced.

Mercantilism

1400 - 1789

Was the economic policy that the government controlled trade with other countries in order to maintain military security of their country.

Triangle Slave Trade

1450 - 1865

Transatlantic trade between America, Europe, and Africa. Traded slaves, manufactured goods, and cash crops.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First European settlement in US territory. Colony failed after only lasting 3 months due to a severe winter, little food or supplies, disease, and troubles with the Native Americans.

Thirteen Original Colonies

1607 - 1733

The colonies that originally belonged to Great Britain. Eventually became the United States of America. They were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island.

Proprietary Colony

1608 - 1683

It was a type of colony where a landlord was the head of the colony. Eventually, South Carolina became a Royal colony instead.

Royal Colony

1624 - 1775

A Royal Colony is a colony with a governor appointed by the British Parliment. South Carolina evemtually became a Royal Colony.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1855

Was the main two cash crops for South Carolina before cotton began to take off.

Slave Codes

1705 - 1865

Laws made specifically for slaves that destroyed many of their rights, and forced them to do their master's bidding.

Yemassee War

April 14, 1715 - 1717

A conflict between the British settlers of South Carolina, and various Native American tribes. The South Carolina colonist eventually established uncontested control of the coasts.

Plantation System

1730 - 1865

A type of business which involved Americans using slaves to farm and produce cash crops, and sell them for money.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739

One of the largest slave revolts in SC history. Led by Jemmy, the slaves killed nearly 25 whites before being executed by the militia.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A war between the colonies of British America, and New France. Both sides received help from their parent countries, Great Britian and France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between American colonists, and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.

Cotton Industry begins

1760

The trade of cotton, and using its fibers to create many different materials. It took off with slavery.

Sugar Act

April 5, 1764 - 1766

A tax by the Parliament on all sugar goods.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1784

A group of American patriots that was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to protest against the taxes set by the British parliament.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

It was a South and North Carolina uprising between the colonists, and British colonial officials.

Stamp Act

March 22, 1765 - March 17, 1766

Tax passed by British parliament. Meant that all printed goods needed to have a stamp for them to be legal. This included paper, newspaper, playing cards, magazines, etc.

Tea Act

May 10, 1773 - 1861

A tax imposed by the British parliament on all tea products. It intended to get the British East India Company back in business.

Revolutionary War

April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783

The was fought between the United States and Great Britain that determined America's independence from Britain.

SC Constitution of 1776

March 26, 1776

The Constitution that SC made to create their own laws.

Declaration of Indepence

July 4, 1776 - July 5, 1776

The document that declared Indepence from Britain, as America declared itself it's own country.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777 - March 4, 1789

Was the original constitution of the United States. It was eventually replaced by the U.S. Constitution in 1789.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

It was a battle in the Revolutionary War, and was a decisive victory for the British. It took place in Camden, SC.

Battle of King's Mountain

October 7, 1780

It was a decisive battle between Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Revolutionary War. The Patriot militia defeated the Loyalist milita.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

It was a decisive victory by the continental army against the British in the Revolutionary War. It is considered the turning point in the reconquest of SC from the British.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

It was the last major battle in the south of the Revolutionary War. The Americans defeated the British.

The Great Compromise

May 25, 1787 - September 17, 1787

It was a compromise the US reached in 1787, that helped create the legislative structure and how each state would be represented under the US Constitution.

Commerce Compromise

May 25, 1787 - September 17, 1787

Allowed the federal government to tax imports but not exports. It was established during the Constitutional Convention.

3/5 Compromise

September 17, 1787 - July 9, 1868

A compromise made by the North and the South, that they would only count 3/5 of all slaves towards the total population.

US Constitution created

September 17, 1787

The document that contains all laws of the US. It is the supreme law of the US.

Cotton Gin created

1793

A machine that was invented by Eli Whitney that separated the cotton fibers from its seeds. It was much more efficient that doing it by hand, and increased slavery in the 1800s.

Embargo Act

December 22, 1807 - March 1, 1809

An act passed by the US against Great Britain that forbidded all trade with the country. It was one of the instigators of the War of 1812.

War of 1812

June 18, 1812 - February 18, 1815

It was a war between the US and Great Britain that resolved many issues that resolved many remaining issues from the Revolutionary War.

William T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

A Union general during the Civil War who received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy.

Denmark Vesey Plot

July 14, 1822

An unsuccessful slave rebellion led by Denmark Vesey to temporarily liberate the city of Charleston.

Nullification Crisis

1828 - 1833

A crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson that declared that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore, needed to be nullified.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

A movement by abolitionists to try to free slaves and end slavery forever.

Kansas - Nebraska Act

1854

It created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Act, by allowing them to decide whether they would support slavery or not.

Dred Scott Decision

February 11, 1856 - March 6, 1857

A decision by the Supreme Court that said that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in territories, and that black people weren't protected by the US Constitution, whether they were slaves or free.

Secessionist

1860 - 1865

Somebody who withdrew from the Unoted States of America. South Carolina was the very first state to secede to the Confederacy.

Election of 1860

1860

The 19th US election in which Abraham Lincoln beat John C. Breckinridge to become the President of the United States. It served as the main cause for South Carolina seceding, and the main cause of the Civil War.

Confederate States of America

February 4, 1861 - May 5, 1865

A government set up by the Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States. The states eventually returned after they lost the Civil War.

Battle of Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

The very first battle of the Civil War in which the Union bombarded Fort Sumter until it eventually surrendered.

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865

A civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the Union and the Southern slave states who declared their secession to become the Confederacy.

Battle of Port Royal

November 3, 1861 - November 7, 1861

One of the earliest amphibious operations in the Civil War in which the Union Navy Fleet captured Port Royal Sound.

Robert Smalls

May 13, 1862

An enslaved African American who is most famous for taking his Confederate ship, the CSS Planter, and sailing his family to freedom, past the federal blockade and into Union territory during the Civil War.

"Total War"

November 15, 1864 - December 21, 1864

A war strategy implemented by General William T. Sherman during his march to the sea. He destroyed military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property, that eventually demoralized the South.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 15, 1865

Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theatre while going there to watch a play.