Midterm timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1,200 bc - 500 bc
  • they lived near the Mississippi River
  • these indians were dependent on natural resources for everything from food to shelter

San Miguel de Gualdape

1445 - 1526
  • The first European settlement in north America
  • Founded by a spaniard named Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800
  • the belief that trade generates wealth through the government

Triangle Slave Trade

1600 - 1900
  • Raw goods were sent from north america to europe
  • manufactured goods were sent from Europe to Africa
  • slaves were sent from africa to north amerca

Royal Colony

1600 - 1760
  • A colony that is ruled by an official who is overseen by someone of higher position(king)

Plantation System

1600 - 1800

-The colonial cultivation of cash crops like cotton and indigo
- It was a very profitable investment during this time because of trade and slaves were available

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1750
  • The first established 13 US states
  • Included
  • The New England Colonies : Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire -The Middle Colonies : Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey
  • The Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia

Proprietary Colony

1650 - 1708
  • A colony that had the full rights of self government
  • This gave colonies independence

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1800
  • the two major cash crops in the south during the colonial period
  • profitable crops while slaves were permitted

Slave Codes

1705 - 1865
  • A list of rules provided for the slaves
  • It included many restrictions and limitations

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717
  • When the Yemassee went to war with the settlers
  • happened in southern south carolina
  • disputes over taken land

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740
  • The largest slave rebellion in history
  • harsher slave codes were enforced after this
  • the rebellion happened in south carolina

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763
  • better known as the 7 years war
  • tention was formed between Britain and France

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761
  • Started as a conflict between the british americans and the cherokee indians
  • It ended when the Cherokee signed a peace treaty with Virginia

Regulator movement

1760 - 1771
  • two groups from nc and sc tried to make the government change
  • they wanted the government to restore old laws

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766
  • new taxes placed on sugar ruled by Great Britain
  • the taxes went to Great Britain in order to do a number of tasks including to protect their country

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766
  • direct taxes enforced by the British Parliament on stamps
  • the taxes also applied to other printed materials as well

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1783
  • a group of american patriots
  • they helped protect the rights of colonists and go against the british government

Tea Act

1773 - 1774
  • this act was not intended to add any additional taxes
  • it led to the Boston Tea Party

Battle of Camden

1775 - 1783
  • Battle between the British, Americans, and the Germans
  • it was the continental's most disastrous losses in history

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783
  • began with tention from the 13 colonies and the colonial government
  • soon France entered, supporting the colonists

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1778
  • it announced that the 13 colonies were now independent and separated from Great Britain
  • now on display at the national archives

South Carolina constitution of 1776

1776 - 1778
  • South Carolina's original constitution was written and the General assembly of SC was created. The president of it was John Rutledge.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789
  • The Articles of Confederation was the first written constitution for the US. It lacked in power of the central government which became a major issue.
  • It was written to declare separation from Great Britain

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781
  • a battle between the patriots and the loyalists
  • the patriots won this battle which took place in nc

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782
  • This battle was known as the turning point in the revolutionary war
  • the Americans won this battle

The Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782
  • The last major engagement of war in the south
  • the patriots won which gave them partial control over the southern part of the country

The Great Compromise

1787 - 1788
  • The Great Compromise was held in Philadelphia during the constitutional convention
  • It was an agreement to have two senators in each state and the number of house of representatives would be based on the population of the state

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1788
  • An agreement between the north and south
  • It was held during the constitutional convention in Philadelphia
  • 3/5 of the slave population was counted for taxes and representation in the government

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788
  • A compromise between the north and the south during the constitutional convention
  • They discussed how the government could regulate commerce

Constitution

1787 - 1788
  • The updated version of the Articles of Confederation
  • Seven articles were written and combined by one delegate from each state
  • It listed the basic rights and powers of peoples rights and powers

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1795
  • A famous invention during the colonial period
  • Invented by Eli Whitney
  • Made cotton much easier to spin and was faster

Cotton Trade

1794 - 1795
  • A major cash crop
  • Used and sent over to Europe during triangular trade
  • The south was the worlds largest exporter and producer of cotton

"Total War"

1800 - 1900
  • A war tactic used during the civil war
  • The belief of destroying everything in its path

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808
  • Was set up to prevent international trade to and from the US
  • the US wanted to force Great Britain into being less strict about the trade rules

War of 1812

1812 - 1815
  • A three year long war that was between Great Britain and the US
  • Fought because the British were constantly seizing american cargo

Robert Smalls

1815 - 1839
  • A slave who became a pilot for a ship
  • He managed to sail his way out of slavery and escape

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891
  • A general of the union army during the civil war
  • He used a war tactic called total war
  • He believed in destroying everything in his path

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823
  • A famous abolitionist from Charleston, SC
  • He was executed for planning a slave revolt against the whites in his town

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1829
  • Protective Tariffs were passed which only benefited the north
  • The south was based off agriculture
  • The north was mostly industrialized

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870
  • An effort to end slavery
  • Many abolitionists believed it everyone should be equal
  • Abolitionist movements became so large it was a major contribution to the civil war

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855
  • It repealed the Missouri Compromise
  • Slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty
  • lead to civil war and created lots of disputes

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858
  • A decision that all slaves free and captive could never become citizens of the US
  • Dred Scott stayed a slave

Secessionist

1860 - 1861
  • The event of 11 southern states withdrawing from the union
  • Believed to be one of the causes of the civil war

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

-The 19th election in US history
- Close call between Lincoln and Breckenridge
- Lincoln won 39% of the votes
- Lincoln was a Republican President

Civil War

1861 - 1865
  • The bloodiest conflict in american history which consisted of several battles between the confederates and the union

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1862
  • A sea fort located in Charleston, SC
  • The first shot of the civil war was here

Battle of Port Royal

1861 - 1862
  • A battle during the Civil War which place in the Port Royal area
  • It was an easy victory for the union

Confederate states of America

1861 - 1865
  • the confederacy was a government set up by many southern states
  • These states declared succesion
  • they had their own flag, motto, and anthem

Lincoln's Assassination

1865 - 1866
  • Lincoln was the first American President to be assassinated
  • His death occurred on Good Friday when the civil war was almost over