Midterm Timeline

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

These were Native Americans who lived in the Eastern United States

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1537

A spanish colony that Lucas Vasquez found. it was the frist European colony and is now known as United States territory

Port Royal

1562 - 1863

Port Royal was the site of the Naval Battle of Port Royal during the Civil War. The benefits of a large and sheltered natural harbor, Port Royal was able to develop port facilities to support the growing mining activities after the Civil War.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

the belief in the benefits of profitable trading.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1763

Great Britain controlled these states

Triangle Slave Trade

1650 - 1900

Manufactured goods and sold enslaved people

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

A colony given to a proprietor to govern. A proprietary colony was a colony of one or more person, usually land owners

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1800

Rice was grown successfully in South Carolina about 1680 when Henry H. Woodward planted a seed given him by the captain of a Madagascar ship.In 1742, Eliza Lucas succeeded in growing the indigo plant on her father’s plantation.

Royal Colony

1700 - 1900

A crown colony, also known in the 17th century as royal colony where colonies that were ruled by a governor appointed by the Monarch

Plantation System

1700 - 1910

The plamtaion system was a division of the land into smaller units under private ownership.It started in Virginia the system spread to the New England colonies.tobacco, rice, sugar cane and cotton were crops grown on these plantations. Slaves were in the fields from sunrise to sunset and did an eighteen hour day. Women worked the same hours as the men and pregnant women were to continue until their child was born.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

a war between British settlers of colonial South Carolinians and Native American Indian tribes.this killed hundreds of colonists and destroyed many settlements.

Stono Rebellion

1739

20 slaves went and killed slave owners and their families and took the slaves with them.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Great Britian fought aginst France and their indian allies in America fighting over territories. The British lost many battles at first, but they defeated the French and the Native Americans. The Treaty of Pairs was signed in 1763 ending the war.

Stamp Act

1756 - 1766

Since the sugar act didn’t work,George Grenville pushed to the Stamp Act. It was a tax on every paper product (newspapers, playing cards, books, pamphlets, etc. )

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.the results of the war was, the british won

Regulator Movement

1764 - 1771

when North Carolina and South Carolina uprising. which citizens took up arms against colonial officials, but was unsuccessful.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1776

Geroge Grenville put a colonial tax on sugar,coffe,and wine that was imported from Great Britian.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1776

The sons of liberty were patriots who would go against British tax laws.The Sons of Liberty organized protests against Parliamentary. Sometimes it turned into violence

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

The tea act was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The American Revolutionary started as a war between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies,but it grew into a world war.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The Congress of South Carolina agrees a new constitution and government in 1776.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was the thirteen American colonies known as independent states, and not part of the British. On june 11, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was writted. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write the Declartion of Independence, Jhon Hancock signed the doucment who made it legal, and later 55 other members of the congress signed it.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America.On March 4, 1789, the Articles were replaced with the U.S. Constitution

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

The battle was between the Americans and Great Britian. More than half of American troops were killed. Great Britian won .

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

a battle between the Patriots and Loyalists.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

It was the last major engagement of the war.It was fought during the American Revolution.It was the Patriots victory also one of the bloodiest battles of the Revolution.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

It was a turning point of the reconquering of South Carolina from the British

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1865

It was a compromise between Southern and Northern states to count each slave as 3/5 of a person for tax purposes.The Three-Fifths Compromise is found in Article 1, Section 2, Paragraph 3 of the United States Constitution

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

It was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787

Commerce Compromise

1787

It was a compromise between the Northern and Southern States during the Constitutional Convention. North wanted to stop forgein competition for goods and finished products by taxing imports and exports. But the South didnt want taxes on exports since their economy depended on cheap agricultural exports. The compromise allowed the federal government to only tax imports

Constitution

1787

the supreme law of the United States. The first articles of the Constitution were the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1825

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton from their seeds. The cotton gin was created by Eli Whitney.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

the U.S. Congress in December 1807 closed all U.S. ports to all exports and restricted imports from Britain. This act was made by Thomas Jefferson (During the Napoleonic Wars)The embargo had little effect on Europe.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The war of 1812 was a conflict between the United States and the British and their allies .United States declared war in 1812 for several reasons.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

Famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States. It was one of the largest slave rebellions. Took place in Charleston, South Carolina,arrested the plot’s leaders before it could begin. Vesey and others were tried, convicted and executed

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

a movement to end slavery. People who went aginst slavery.

Nullification Controversy

1832

This declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1832 were unconstitutional and that null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Born in Beaufort, South Carolina.Was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship’s pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Slave Codes

1852 - 1865

Slave codes were laws in each US state.These codes gave slave-owners full power over the slaves.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Kansas and Nebraska decide for them if they were free or slave. People of the area were given to vote and decide

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Was the decision if slaves were property or humans.It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

The withdrawal of 11 Southern states from the Union

Election of 1860

1860

Was a election between Abraham Lincoln and John C. Breckinridge. For the rights of slavery or still having slavery.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

These were who wanted slarvery in the south. Orginzed by 11 states

William T. Sherman

1861 - 1865

an American soldier, businessman, educator and author.He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War

Civil War

1861 - 1865

War between the North and the South over slavery. The North won

Ft. Sumter

1861

After the south states secede from the union.SC demends the union to surrender to South.Lincoln refues to Fort Sumter to surrender.Confederate fires on Fort and forcing to surrender.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

Abraham Lincoln was shot while watching a play with his wife at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.The assassination happene five days after the commander of the Confederate Army General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant.

"Total War"

1899 - 1930

Total war is a war in which a belligerent engages .known by scholars as a separate class of warfare.

Cotton Trade

1900

cotton is traded with britain and other european countries.