South Carolina history

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

These where the Native Americans that lived in the Eastern United States.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

A trading system, that traded slaves, cash, crops, and manufactured goods. They traded goods between West Africa, Caribbean, and America.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Government control of foreign trade.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1859

First European settlement, which is now United States territory.

Proprietary Colony

1600 - 1830

A colony that had one or more individuals that were usually land owners. Staying loyal to their parent states.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

Colonies were founded on the Atlantic Coast of North America.

“Total War”

1700 - 1800

Was a war. It brings complete mobalization and fully available resources.

Regulator Movement

1700

A group of western farmers in North Carolina who came together to fight against the local colonial officials who were overtaxing them.

Slave Codes

1705

Laws in each state, that told them what the slaves rights of their masters were. Codes made the masters more powerful over their slaves.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

A conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and Native Americans tribes. And other American Indian tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1775

The south and north divided in 1712.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion, that happened in South Carolina. Also the largest slave uprising in British mainland colonies.

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

The final colonial war. A huge conflict involving Austria, England, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Sweden. It was called the Seven Years War.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between the British and the Cherokee Indian Tribes. The British and the Cherokee Indian Tribes were suspected of others betrayals.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1763 - 1783

High value crops that were traded for other crops, cash, and other food and living needs.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Act that put three-cent increased taxing on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. And refined sugar.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Put taxes on anything that was paper made.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

A African- Caribbean who was famous because he came up with the first slave rebellion in the US.

Tea Act

1773 - 1869

When they put taxes on the tea.

Sons of Liberty

1773 - 1775

A group of people that were lead by Paul Revere, and dressed up as Indians and got on a British ship and threw the tea off the ship.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Also known as the American war of Independence. Fought for the rights of people.

Battle of Cowpens

1775

The battle of Cowpens was a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary War.

Plantation System

1776 - 1860

When land got smaller and it was under private ownership.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was the first time that they were free from the British.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The provincial congress of South Carolina approves a new constitution and government. Legislature renames it selfs the general assembly.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

A agreement among the 13 founding states.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Was a major British victory. Happened in the southern theater of the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of kings Mountain

1780

Battle between the Loyalists and the Patriots militias.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

A battle of the Revolutionary War. The last of the major engagement of the war in the Carolina's.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

When delegates from different backgrounds came together and put together different political views.

Constitution

1787

"The work of many minds" a model for cooperation statesmenship. Also the art of compromise.

Commerce Compromise

1787

When the federal government was allowed to tax imports and not tax their xports.

3/5 Compromise

1787

A compromise between Southern and Northern states. Population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment.

Cotton Gin

1793

A machine that easily seperated the Cotten from the seeds, made a lot easier so people didn't need to do it by hand.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleon wars.,

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

A 32 month conflict between thenUnited States and the British Empire and their allies, didn't make any territorial changes.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

A American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a general for the union army during the American civil war.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Tried to archive emancipation for slaves and racial segregation.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

A famous nullification crisis that happened when Andrew Jackson was president.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

A enslaved African American who became a ships pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Dred Scott Decision

1847 - 1857

He was chosen by his owner who was a officer in the U.S army.

Cotton Trade

1850 - 1865

When colonists would trade cotton for other goods.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Created territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands of territory

Secessionist

1860

A act of withdrawing from a organization.

Election of 1860

1860

All met in Charleston, SC. They selected their candidate for president in the upcoming election.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Southern slave states who refused to remain in a nation that they believed in what they didn't.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Known as a war between the states. It was four years of bloody combat. Between the north and the south.

Ft Sumter

1861

Where the civil war took place. Also is a sea fort, located in the Charelston Harbor.

Port Royal

1861

The American civil war took place in port royal.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

Was the assassination of the president of the United States. Lincoln was the first United States president to be assassinated. The assassination was planned out by the known stage actor John Wilkes Booth. Happened in Ford's Theater.