South Carolina history

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

These were the native Americans who lived in the eastern United States

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

A slave trading circle between America, England and Africa.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1500 - 1860

It was the first European settlement in what is now known as United States territory.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

A system were the United States sold to England and then they sell it for more to other country.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The colonies were a branch of England. They left for religious freedom.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1721

A colony which as more than one land owner.

Plantation System

1700 - 1800

The Europeans began to establish settements in the Americas. The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system. Starting in Virginia, the system spread to the New England colonies. Crops grown on these plantations such as tobacco, rice, sugar cane, and cotton were labour intensive

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Was a conflict between British settlers of South Carolina.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1775

The north and south divided from the union.

Stono Rebellion

1739

A slave rebellion in South Carolina.

French And Indian War

1756 - 1763

The finial colonial battle between French, Indian and British it was called the 7 year war

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British and Cherokee Indian Tribes. The British and the Cherokee Indian tribes were suspected of others betrayals.

Rice and indigo trade

1763 - 1783

Valued crops were traded for other ones and money.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar Act which made you pay taxes on sugar

Regulator Movement

1764 - 1771

A group of western farmers who were over taxed and wanted to fight against the colonial officials.

Sons Of Liberty

1765 - 1776

In Boston in early summer of 1765 a group of shopkeepers who called themselves The Loyal Nine, began preparing for agitation against the Stamp Act.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Men dressed up as Indians and threw the tea overboard into the sea.

Tea Act

1773 - 1869

When they put taxes on tea.

Battle of Cowpens

1775

The battle of Cowpens was a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1778

The Revolutionary War started between the 13 colonies and the british and many more come

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

Congress of South Carolina approves a new constitution and government.

Declaration of Independence

1776

Drafted by Thomas Jefferson the Declaration of Independence is at once the nation's most cherished symbol of liberty

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

Known as the American war of independence. Fought for the rights of the people!!!!!! :3

Battle of Camden

1778 - 1780

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the south of the American Revolutionary War

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

The two armies were now on an equal footing as regards position, with the British having the advantage of one hundred men But there was no counting of men. For the battle was a life and death struggle

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

a campaign to end British control over the South Carolina backcountry.

3/5 Compromise

1787

A compromise between the north and the south.

Constitution

1787

The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.

Great Compromise

1787

The Great Compromis was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise was only one of many compromises achieved during the Constitutional Convention of 1787

Cotton Gin

1793 - 2013

The cotton gin was a machine made for slaves to help pull seeds ou tof the cotton quicker than pulling it out by hand. Instead of decreasing the slave population, which was what Eli Whitney, the creator of the cotton gin, hoped it made the population increase more then he could imagine. They are still used today but have become more efficient.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France.

War of 1812

1812

This war was a war between the US and Great Britain. It ended as a tie

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was an American soldier, business man, educator, and author. He served as a general in the Union Army during the American civil War (1861-65), for which he recieved recongination fr his outstanding command of military strategy as well a criticism for the harshness of the “scorched earth” policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States. Military historian B. H. Liddell Hart famously declared that Sherman was “the first modern general”.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

The Denmark Vesey Plot wa a plot created by Vesey. Slaves were going to revolt against their masters. Word got out about it and it failed. Vesey and other people involved in the plot were hung.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the aboolitionist movement was the immeditate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocatign for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates whjo argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas and prevent its spread further west.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The root of the problem of prtective tariffs is that they are almost by definition designed to assist certain segments of the economy. In the era in question, the country was distinctly divided along economic lines. Because a large percentage of Southern capital was out into land, cotton, and slaves, less capital was available for industrial for manufactoring enterprises, since in the volatile period in history they such investments were far riskier the cotton, the prime resource of the booming textile industry.

Slave Codes

1833

Slave codes were laws that governed the slave owners rights and esablished slaves, mostly blacks, as the master’s property and provided a way for injustice

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship’s pilot, sea captain, and politician

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

The Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Soverignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory

Cotton Trade

1857

The cotton trade is when the south decided to sell the cotton to Europe and get money for it and they did the deal all through history.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The decision began by concluding the Scott, as a person of African ancestry, was not a citizen of the United States and therefore had no rigt to sue in federal court. This holding was contrary to the practice of numerous states at the time, particularly free states, where frees balcks did in fact enjoy the rights of citizens, such as the right to vote and hold public office. In what is sometimes considered mere prohibit slavery in federal territore because slaves are personal property and the 5th Amendment to the Constution protects property owners against deprivation of thei property withou due process of law.

Election of 1860

1860

The United States presidential electionof 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presenditial election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The CSA, also know as the Confederacy, was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declaed their secession from the United States. The Confederacy recongnized as members eleven states that had formally declared secession, two additional states with less declarations, and one new territory. The Confederacy was eventually defeated in the American Civil War against the Union

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was a war between the North and South over slavery which lead to the North’s success.

Port Royal

1861

The Battle of Prt Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American CIvil War, in shich a United States Navy fleet and United States Army exepditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, on November 7, 1861

Ft Sumter

1861

The firing on Fort Sumter was when the CSA tried to take control of the Northen Fort which started the Civil War.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Secessionist is when someone or something withdraws from its greater authority.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at the Fords Theater in Washington D.C. on April 14, 1965 by John Wilks Booth. Booth shot Lincoln in the back of his neck but the shot didn’t kill Lincoln instantly…Lincoln died the next day in a hotel across the street.

Total War

1935 - 1949

Total War is a war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population.