History of the Web and Internet Timeline


Vannevar Thinks Up Early Internet (Memex)


In 1945, Vannevar Bush writes in the Atlantic Monthly about the possible uses for information technology. He dreams about a device where individuals can store books, records, and communications as a supplement to their memory. He describes it as a photo-electrical-mechanical device called the Memex, which can link documents on microfiche.

Packet Switching Theory Introduced


The fundamental foundation of the internet was created in the early 60's. At MIT in 1961 Leonard Kleinrock produced the first paper on packet switching theory. This theory was the foundation for giving computer the ability to become networked and communicate.

SAGE (Warning System) Introduced in US


In 1962, the SAGE also known as the Semi Automatic Ground Environment was used as North America's early warning system.

Initial Creation of the Internet


The Internet as we know it today first started being developed in the late 1960's.

Work Began on ARPANET


ARPANET was the precursor to todays internet. It was the first networked system to utilize packet switching rather than circuit switching, the method used before then.

Birth of the Internet


The birth of the Internet occurred in Leonard Klieinrock's UCLA laboratory (3420 Boelter Hall at MIT) when his Host computer became the first node of the Internet in September 1969 and it was from there that he directed the transmission of the first message to pass over the Internet on October 29, 1969.

First Electronic Message Sent


October 29, 1969 - The first electronic message was sent over the ARPANET network - this network consisted of the first four computers located apart but connected to each other and communicating across distances.

First E-mail System Created


In 1972, BBN programmer Ray Tomlinson created the first e-mail system on the ARPANET.

First SPAM Message Sent


1978: The first unsolicited commercial email message (now known as spam) was sent to 600 ArPlanet users by Gary Thuerk.

Online Shopping Began


In 1982 the first Videotext was completed allowing for online purchases, market sharing, and chatting.

TCP/IP Adopted


TCP/IP is the Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol suite of protocols that was developed in 1970s and adopted by the Department of Defense in 1983 as part of ARPANET in order to communicate over long distances over networks. With this development, instead of only being able to share information locally (within an office building for instance) people became able to share the information between multiple offices across the country. Basically it connects multiple networks together creating the "internet."

Domain Names Introduced


In 1983 the idea for the domain naming system arrived.

U of M Creates Gopher


In 1991 the Unversity of Minnesota comes up with a "point-and-click navigation," and names it Gopher.

Hotmail Was Developed


In 1994, Hotmail was developed by Sabeer Bhatia and Jack Smith.

JAVA Creation


In 1995, JAVA, an independent programming language, was created by Jim Gosling.

The Development of PayPal


1998: PayPal was developed to exchange the money generated by sales via the Internet.

Facebook was launched


The explosive social networking site known as Facebook was officially launched in February of 2004 by Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg.

Youtube Introduced


2005: The launch of You Tube video-sharing site.

First Decentralized Digital Currency


The world's first decentralized digital currency, Bitcoin, was devised in 2009 by a programmer
called Satoshi Nakomoto.


USSR Launches First Satellite Into Space


In 1957 the USSR launched the first satellite into space (Sputnik).

Program Created that allowed Links Between Nodes


In 1980 Tim Berners-Lee created a program that allowed links to be made between nodes

Tim Berners-Lee Invented the World Wide Web


In 1989 Tim Berners-Lee, then a software engineer at CERN, invented the World Wide Web.

First Web Page Posted by Tim Berners-Lee


The first web page was posted by Tim Berners Lee in 1990. Tim Berners-Lee came up with the three fundamental technologies that are the foundation of the Web, HTML, URL, and HTTP.

First Web Server Out of Europe


On December 12, 1991, Paul Kunz installed the first Web service outside of Europe, at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

Mosaic Is Developed


1993: Marc Andreessen develops Mosaic.

First Mobile Browser: PocketWeb


The first mobile browser was PocketWeb and could be used on PDAs in 1994.

Online Advertising Becomes Commonplace


In 1994, shopping malls, banks, radio stations, and advertising become comonplace online.

Creation of eBay


In 1995, Pierre Omidyar came up with a code that soon developed into one of the most popular online shopping sites on the web: eBay.

Introduction of Dial-up Services


In 1995, companies like CompuServe, America Online and Prodigy began to provide online connections through traditional dial–up services.

Adobe Flash Introduced


Flash is a multimedia media platform widely used to create animation and add videos and interactions to web pages. It was introduced in 1996 by Jonathan Gay as an improvement to SmartSketch. Flash content can be seen on varying computer systems and devices through Adobe Flash Player.

Internet Explorer Introduced


1996: Microsoft created their own browser - Internet Explorer

Introduction of Skype


Skype is a form of communication online that began in 2003.