United States History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 - 1492

The Eastern Woodland Indians are Native Americans who settled in the eastern part of the United States.

Mercantilism

1401 - 1799

Mercantilism is when a government controls foreign trade as a way to provide money and security of the country.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangular Trading System is the transatlantic slave trade, that started in the late 16th century and ended in the early 19th century, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

It was the first european settlement in what is now the United States, it was founded by Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón. The settlement only lasted 3 months of winter and ended in 1527.

Abolitionist Movement

1542 - 1948

A movement to end slavery.

Plantation System

1588 - 1889

The plantation system was based on slave labor.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The British empire settled its first permanent colony in America in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. This was the first of the 13 colonies.

Proprietary Colony

1622 - 1891

A proprietary colony was a place where people worked for the state that owned the colony and did not own the land themselves.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1848

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners complete power over the African slaves.

Rice and Indigo Production and Trade

1680 - 2013

Rice and Indigo dye became crops of South Carolina in the 17th Century. Rice and Indigo are still grown and sold in SOuth Carolina.

Cotton Trade

1700 - 2013

The cotton trade was the largest crop of the savery era and is still grown in SC today.

Yamassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yamasee American Indian tribes. The name of one of the tribes was the 'Yamasee'. Some of the Indians did not fight with the colonisits but others made attacks all around South Carolina to destroy the colony.

Royal Colony of South Carolina

1729 - 1761

A Royal Colony is another name for a Proprietary Colony.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739 - September 10, 1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave riot that started on 9 September 9, 1739 in South Carolina.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War is the American name for the Seven Years' War. The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France.

Stamp Act

1756 - 1766

a law passed by the British Parliament requiring all publications and legal and written documents in the American colonies to suffer a tax stamp

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee War was really three different wars by the colonists against Cherokees Indians.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

A tax on sugar that was produced by the American colonists.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1784

The Sons of Liberty was a group of American patriots. They formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight the taxes of the British against the Americans. .

Regulator Movement in South Caroina

1767 - 1771

The Regulator movement tried make peace and return law and order to South Carolina by creating local governments.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

an act of the British Parliament that put taxes on tea that was unfair to American tea merchants, the main cause of the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The war that made America free from the British.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1777

The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1778

The first change of the South Carolina Constitution

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776 - 2013

The Declaration of Independence announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, were declaring themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780 - August 21 1780

The Battle of Camden was a major British victory in the Revolutionary War.

Battle of King's Mountain

October 7, 1780

The Battle of King's Mountain was a decisive Patriot victory

The Battle of Cowpens

1781

The Battle of Cowpens was a Decisive American victory

Battle of Eutaw Springs

May 22, 1781 - September 25, 1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last battle of the American Revolutionary War in the Carolinas.

3/5 Compromise

1783 - 1793

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a agreement between Southern and Northern states that said three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for the purpose of taxes and representation in the government.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

The Commerce Compromise is when The Constitution allows the federal government to tax imports but not exports.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1790

A bicameral system of the House and Senate.

United States Constitution

1789 - 2013

The United States Government is based on this document

Denmark Vesey Plot

July 17, 1791 - August 9, 1791

A plan created by Vesey where slaves were going to revolt against their masters, but word got out about it and it failed. Vesey and other people involved in the plot were hung.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 2013

A machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers
gin

Embargo Act

December 22, 1807 - March 1, 1809

The Embargo Act of 1807 was a law by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 lasted 32 months and was between the Americans and the British.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1820 - 1854

The act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

A powerful General of the US Union forces in the Civil War.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The nullification confrontation between President Andrew Jackson and South Carolina senator John C. Calhoun over whether a state could nullify federal law.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

An African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it to freedom beyond the Federal blockade.

Dred Scott Decision

March 1857 - April 1857

In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared that all blacks -- slaves as well as free -- were not and could never become citizens of the United States. The court also declared the 1820 Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, thus permiting slavery in all of the country's territories

Election of 1860

November 6, 1860 - November 7, 1860

Considered the starting fator of the US Civil War.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

A civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the United States

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

A government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Those who supported the right to leave the Union of AMerican States.

Fort Sumter, SC

April 10, 1861 - April 14, 1861

The first battle of the US Civil War

Port Royal

November 3, 1861

The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest operations and it was a Union victory.

Total War of the US Civil War

September 21, 1864 - December, 1864

A total war is a war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population.

Lincoln’s assassination

April 14, 1865 - April 15, 1865

The Assassination of then President Abraham Lincoln.