Midterm Timeline

South Carolina history time line

Midterm Timeline

Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

They were Native Americans who lived in the south east region of the United States. The included the Iroquois and the Cherokee.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

The Triangle Slave Trade was trade between Europe, Africa, and America. America sent Europe crops, Europe sent Africa manufactured goods, and Africa sent the Americas slaves.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European Settlement In the U. S. In this settlement, the slaves revolted and failed three months later.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

Mercantilism was a type of government that controlled all trade. The colonies could only sell or buy from England.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1800

A royal colony is a colony ruled by a council appointed by "the crown", or the royal goverment in the mother country. One example is New York and England.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1732

The 13 colonies were British Colonies that declared there independence in America. They traveled to the Americas in search of religious freedom

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Proprietary colonies are colonies given to one person or group to govern.

Plantation Systems

1700

Plantation Systems are a form of economy. They mainly deal with agriculture. In the United States, slaves were a large factor. They began to use slaves to do the work around the plantations, and then sold the crops for money.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1700 - 1800

Rice and indigo became large cash crops in South Carolina.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was fought in South Carolina between colonial South Carolina and various Native American tribes. South Carolina was victorious.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was an unsuccessful slave revolt by the Stono River in South Carolina. The slaves marched into modern day Charleston, broke into an ammunition shop, killed two shop keepers, and stole ammunition and firearms. They were caught near Florida on September 10th, 1739

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

This war was fought between England and France. It was ended by the Treaty of Paris, with England as the victor

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War. The British were victorious.

Sugar Act

1764

An act passed by parliament of Great Britain on April 5th, 1764. It a act for the better securing and encouraging the trade of royalties' sugar colonies in America.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The people who worked as regulators tried to bring criminals to justice in North and South Carolina. These people did not go through the government first, they were colonial citizens acting as cops.

Sons Of Liberty

1765

The sons of liberty were a group put together because they were against the new acts Great Britain had put in place. Their main purpose was to get rid of the Stamp Act

Stamp Act

1765

A tax on printed paper. This included playing cards, newspapers, and legal documents.

Tea Act

1773

A tax on tea. The British put it in place to have a monopoly on the tea trade.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The revolutionary war was fought between the US and Great Britain. The US was victorious.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

This was South Carolina's first federal document. They wanted to give themselves a sense of independence as well as make a way of government for themselves.

Declaration Of Independence

1776

The declaration was drafted by Thomas Jefferson and published on July 4th, 1776. This declared the United States was independent from Great Britain

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1787

The Articles of Confederation were made as a federal document similar to the Constitution that is in place now. This document was made as the original Constitution and was replaced by it in 1787

Battle Of Kings Mountain

1780

The battle of kings mountain was fought in South Carolina. It was a Patriot victory.

Battle Of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was a one day battle. It was a British victory.

Battle Of Eutaw Springs

1781

This battle was one of the last battles in the Carolinas. It was an English victory. It lasted one day and resulted in over 1,000 casualties/losses.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The Battle of Cowpens was fought in South Carolina. It was a patriot victory.

Three-fifths Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was put in place so that slaves were counted towards the population as 3/5 of a person. It was to make the House more equal.

The Constitution

1787

The US Constitution is essentially the back-bone of the United States government. It was ratified on June 21st, 1788. This was created to replace the Articles of Confederation.

The Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise was put in place to stop the feuding between the Northerners and Southerners over the tariffs on shipping. The government taxed imports, but not exports.

The Great Compromise

1787

This compromise gave each state a proportional number of representatives to their population for the House of Representatives. It also said that each state would have an equal amount of representatives in the Senate.

Cotton Gin

1793

This product was created by Eli Whitney in 1793. It was a machine used to separate cotton and cotton seeds much quicker than when slaves were separating it by hand. The Cotton Gin was patented in 1794 and played a huge role in the Cotton Trade. It changed the impact of slavery immensely in the sense that it was beginning to die down before this invention came to light.

Slave Codes

1800

The Slave Codes were put in place to keep the slaves under control. The government put laws in place for just slaves prohibiting them from leaving the plantation, drinking, and even learning how to read and write. They put these in place in order to prevent another slave rebellion.

Cotton Trade

1800

The cotton trade was greatly impacted by the invention of the Cotton Gin. As money began to be made by the cotton sales, the numbers of slaves began to increase.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act was an embargo (blocking of trade between certain countries) against England and France. The government wanted to stop our trade between these countries due to the war they were in the middle of at the time.

War Of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was fought between The US, France, and England. The war began due to an attack on Canada by English forces in the hope to obtain land.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

The Denmark Vesey Plot was a planned slave rebellion. It was unsuccessful. Vesey was a slave that bought his way to freedom, and he traveled to the US to free slaves. The slaves and Vesey were captured in Charleston, South Carolina when word of his plan leaked. Vesey was later hanged in July, 1822.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The Abolitionist Movement was a movement towards the freeing of slaves and the abolishing of slavery. Many leaders such as Fredrick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Sarah and Angela Grimke, and John Brown were against slavery, and were a large part of this movement. They spoke publicly and wrote books to show the horrible truth behind the closed doors of slavery.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Controversy was a tariff enforced by Andrew Jackson. He places taxes on basically everything, making it harder for merchants to live.

Dred Scott Decision

1847 - 1850

The Dred Scott Decision was a supreme court case in which a slave who had lived in a now free state with his master should have been freed but wasn't. Dred Scott then went on trial twice fighting for his freedom. This caused a large issue between the north and south, pointing them closer to a civil war.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

This act basically separated the north and south into areas of slavery and anti slavery. This act was one large step closer to the Civil War

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1860 - 1861

South Carolina was the first to secede from the union in 1860. Many states soon followed, and by 1861, Jefferson Davis was their president and Richmond, Virginia was their capital. The Confederate States of America, or CSA, was created.

Election of 1860

1860

This election was between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Abraham Lincoln won with 180 electoral votes. Lincoln was an abolitionist, which caused the south to become angry and worried they would lose their slaves.

Secessionist

1861

A secessionist is one who believes in seceding from a certain place or government. South Carolina's government was a secessionist government at this time.

The Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, with the Union and Confederacy fighting against each other to abolish or keep slavery. The Union's hope was to abolish slavery, while the Confederacy wanted to keep it.

Ft. Sumter

April 12 1861

Fort Sumter was attacked by the confederacy on April 12th, 1861. This was a confederate victory and the beginning of the Civil War.

Port Royal

November 3 1861 - November 7 1861

The Battle of Port Royal was fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina. It was a victory for the Union. This battle was one of the first amphibious battles that America had ever fought.

Robert Smalls

May 13 1862

Robert Smalls was a free slave who became a ship's pilot during the Civil War. He then freed his family and fellow slaves by sailing off on his boat and taking them to freedom

"Total War"

1864 - 1865

"Total War" was a type of warfare used by William T. Sherman that was used to devastate all of the people involved on the enemy's side. This meant he would destroy entire cities, houses, churches, schools, anything.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14 1865

Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in Ford's Theatre on Good Friday, April 14th, 1865. He was shot in the back of the head by a man names John Wilkes Booth. Booth was a southerner who believed he was doing good by the south, but really just made them angry with him. Lincoln died a few hours later at 10:15 pm eastern time. Lincoln was also the first president to be assassinated.

William T. Sherman

1869 - 1883

William T. Sherman was a general who believed in a type of warfare called "Total War". He led a march through most of the Southern states, destroying everything in his path.