Mid-Term Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

The Eastern Woodland Indians were Native Americans that lived in the eastern United States.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement in what is now the United States.

Plantation System

1600

The Plantation System was the division of land into small, private ownerships.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The thirteen English colonies were the land in America that belonged to England.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

A Proprietary Colony was run by the eight Lord Proprietors. They owned a land under the king's permission and sold it off to the settlers.

Mercantilism

1650 - 1673

Mercantilism is an economic system where the mother country dominates the trade with the colonies. The mother country is trying to make money for the colonies.

Triangle Slave Trade

1680 - 1880

The Triangle Slave Trade carried cash, slaves, crops, and manufactured goods between America, Africa, England, and the Caribbean.

Rice & Indigo Trade

1698 - 1730

In South Carolina, rice and indigo was a major cash crop so it was traded throughout the world.

Slave Codes

1705

The Salve Codes were codes that every state had that defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was a conflict between the British settlers in South Carolina and various Native American tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1776

A Royal Colony were also called Crown Colonies and were loyal to the king. They were ruled by a governor chosen by the king.

Stono Rebellion

1739

A slave rebellion lead by an African American called Jemmy. 20 whites and 44 slaves were killed during this rebellion.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War was a war fought between Britain and the French and the Native Americans in America.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee War was between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The Sugar Act was a tax put on foreign sugar and a higher tax on coffee, indigo, and some kinds of wine.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The Regulator Movement was an uprising in North Carolina that colonists took against officials. It was unsuccessful.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

The Sons of Liberty was a group of American patriots that wanted to protect the rights of the colonies and put a stop to British taxes.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act was when the British Parliament told everyone that all paper products had to have the a stamp of the Birtish seal on it.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

The Tea Act told the Americans that they could only buy tea from the East Indian Company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was the war that won America their independence.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was a document that gained America's independence and gave the people their rights.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The South Carolina Constitution of 1776 was the laws that the U.S. made after they broke away from Britain.

Articles of Confederation

1777

The Articles of Confederation was the 13 colonies' first constitution.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a battle fought in the Revolutionary War that resulted in a Patriot victory.

Battle of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was one of the battles in the Revolutionary War that resulted in a British victory.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The Battle of Cowpens was a battle in the Revolutionary War that resulted in an overwhelming American victory.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was one of the last major battles in the Carolinas.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The 3/5 Compromise was a comprmise between the Northern and Southern states that said that slaves would only be counted as 3/5 of a person.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise states that the government can tax imports but not exports.

Great Compromise

1787

The Great Compromise says that each state will have representatives from the House of Represetatives according to its population. The states will also get the same number of representatives in the Senate.

Constitution

1789

The Constitution is the laws of the United States of America.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1791

The Denmark Vesey Plot was when an African American was planning to start a rebellion in the United States.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1860

When the cotton gin was invented, the cotton trade business took off. Because of how easy it was to get the seeds out of cotton, slave owners began to grow more to be sold to make more money.

Cotton Gin

1793

The cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily removes the seeds from cotton.

"Total War"

1800 - 1899

"Total War" was an idea made up by William T. Sherman in which weapons and damage is unrestricted. It is the complete assembling of weapons and troops.

Embargo Act

1807

The Embargo Act banned all trade with Britain and France.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was when the United States took on Great Britain because America wanted to expand its territory.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman served as a General in the Civil War.

Abolitionist Movement

1830

The Abolitionist Movement was when people fought to end slavery.

Nullification Controversy

1832

The Nullification Controversy was a crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson over tariffs.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who freed himself, his crew, and his family. He was elected into the House of Representatives.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska which opened new land for settlers.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14, 1856

The assassination of President Lincoln occured when the Civil War was drawing to an end. John Wilkes Booth was the man responsible for killing President Lincoln.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Dred Scott Decision said that the government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

A secessionist is a person who was for breaking away from the North.

Election of 1860

November 6, 1860

The election of 1860 was a race between Abraham Lincoln and John Breckinridge. It was what started the outbreak of the Civil War.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The CSA was made up of Southern slave states that had declared independence from the United States.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was a war fought between the Northern states and the Southern states.

Fort Sumter

1861

The Battle of Fort Sumter was the surrender of Fort Sumter and this battle started the Civil War.

Port Royal

1861

The Battle of Port Royal was one of the battles in the Civil War where the U.S. Army and Navy captured Port Royal Sound.