South Carolina History

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

Eastern Woodland Indians lived in the eastern part of the United States. The most famous Woodland Indian tribe was the Cherokee.

Triangle Slave Trade

1440 - 1800

European empires in the New World did not have a work force which was seen as a major resource.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first european settlement in the United States. It was founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526.

Port Royal

1562

Port Royal is a town in Beaufort County, South Carolina.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1700

A colony ruled directly from a King or any country ruled by a English Royal family.

Proprietary Colony

1601 - 1700

A Proprietary colony is a colony given to a proprietor to govern

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The thirteen colonies were located on the Atlantic coast of the United States. The colonies were separated into three areas. The New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

Mercantilism

1650 - 1860

Mercantilism was an economic system to increase a nation''s wealth by the nation''s interests.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1850

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which stated the status of slaves and the rights of masters.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1750

South Carolina's plantations produced cotton, rice, indigo and tobacco.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

It was a war between the British and different Native American tribes. In the end, the British won.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave uprising in the 13 colonies before the American Revolution.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French Indian War was one of a series of wars between the British and the French.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between the British and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.

Sugar Act

1764

The Brtish placed a tax on sugar, wine, and other important things.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

A North and South Carolina uprising.

Stamp Act

1765

A tax on certain documents.

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty was a group made up of American patriots. They protected the rights of the colonists and spoke out against Britsh taxes.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

He was most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

It was an attempt by the British to gain control of the tea trade in America and to rescue the British East India Company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

War between the 13 colonies and Great Britain. The 13 colonies wanted their independence.

Declaration of Independence

1776

It was a important document that stated the 13 colonies had independence and freedom from Great Britian.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

South Carolina became the first independent government in the colonies.

Articles of Confederation

1777

The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution for the United States.

Battle of Camden

1780

A battle that occurred during the American Revolutionary. The British won.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

A war between the Patriots and Loyalists during the American Revolutionlary War.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

This war marked the turing point in the the Revolutionary War.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Last major battle during the Revolutionary War in the Carolinas.

Abolitionist Movement

1783 - 1888

A movement to end slavery.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The 3/5 Compromise stated that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person in terms of both taxation and representation.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise is when the Constitution allows the federal government to tax imports but not exports.

Constitution

1787

To replace the Articles of Confederation and it serves as the supreme law for the United States.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

This determined how many representatives would serve for each state.

Cotton Trade

1793

Trade between Europe and United States.

“Total War”

1801

a war in which every weapon is used and the nation's full financial resources are used.

Cotton Gin

1801 - 1900

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds.

Embargo Act

1807

The Embargo Act was an American law to block all export of cargo from American ports.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

A war between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author.

Plantation System

1820

Land that was used for smaller units under private ownership.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

This bill reduced tariffs for 11 years, putting off the nullification question.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Smalls was an enslaved African American who became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Made new lands for settlement.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

This decision was made by the U.S. Supreme Court. It stated that the federal government had no power to hold slavery in the territories.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln was elected president in this election.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by some southern states that declared their independence from the United States.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

A civil war between the United States and the Confederate States of America.

Ft Sumter

1863

This fort is known as the shots which were fired and started the American Civil War, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

On Good Friday, President Linclon was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.

Secessionist

1990

Is the act of withdrawing from a union.