South Carolina History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

Used forest around Mississippi River. And used forest around them to make practically everything they needed. We're made up of many tribes.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1790

Belief in the benefits of profitable trading. Also known as commercionalism

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

First European settlement in the U. S. They were based in theGeorgetown Country in South Carolina.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

These were the first colonies in the United States. All of them were on the Atlantic Coast and each colony developed it own self-government.

Royal Colony

1624 - 1981

Also known as the Crown Colony. They had representatives councils and was governed by an appointed governor.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

When the British control what the American colonies could do.

Triangle Trade

1680 - 1915

Big trading system between three major ports and countries. Africa, 13 Colonies, and Europe were in this trading.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Extremely successful crops. Which made tons of money in the state of South Carolina.

Stamp Act

1712

This was a tax on the transfer of creation documents. The ones that pay that tax get a stamp saying they are an official document.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

This was a war between British settlers and native Americans.

Stone Rebellion

1739

Was a very large slave rebellion is South Carolina on September 7, 1739. The leader was Jemmy a former slave who led 20 armed other to the Stono River.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

This war was between Great Britain and France and became a world wide conflict.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

This was known as the first Cherokee War. Was between the British and American Cherokee tribes. NC SC and Tenassee, it was a British victory

Sugar Act

1764

This act was passed by the Parliment in Great Brittain was was to raise revenue.

Regulaor Movement

1765 - 1771

Most citizens of South Carolina took up arms to the colonial officials. The citizens overthrew the officials.

Sons Of Liberty

1765

This was a group of American Patriots and was formed to protect the rights of the citizens. Which kind of started the Intolerable Acts.

Tea Act

1773

This was just a general tax on the tea sold from and in the United States.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Was simply between the 13 colonies and Great Britain. It ended up in an American Victory and could've became a World War.

Declaration of Independence

1776

This Document practically set the future the the rest of history for the U.S. There were 57 signers and is probably the biggest document in U.S. history.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

This was basically a meeting to try to improve the U.S. Consititution.

Battle of Camden

1780

This was a major war and victory for the British.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

Was a battle between the patriot and loyalist militias. Patrick Ferguson defeated the loyalist militia.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Was known as the turning Point of the Revolutionary War.

Battle at Eataw Springs

1781

The Americans had a good strategy but this became a British Victory

Articles of Confederation

1781

This was basically the first Consisitution. It had to be ratified by all 13 states and they all agreed.

3/5 Compromise

1787

This was a compromise between southern and northern states that for every 5 blacks there would 3 would be counted.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This was also a compromise between the southern and northern states at the consitutional conventions on how they should regulate commerce.

Consitution

1787

This was a revisoion of the Artcles of Confederation and is still our nations most famous document, The U.S. Constitution.

Great Compromise

1787

This was one of the biggest compromises ever. This compromise stated that the number of representatives you can have is based on your populaton of the state.

Cotton Gin

1793

Was a huge invention for this time to pick the seeds out of cotton. Also increased slavery a lot.

Cotton Trade

1800 - 1900

The cotton trade is when many people sold and bought cotton also many imported and exported it to different countries.

Abolitionist Movement

1800 - 1900

This was just a general antislavery movement. Abolitionist were all against slavery.

Embargo Act

1807

This act was mainly to stop trade and tarrifs between the 13 colonies, France, and Great Britain.

War of 1812

1812

This war was a major conflict between the U.S. and the British. It was mainly to solve some issues and independence.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

He had many jobs but was mainly an army general and was rewarded because of his harshness, the scorched heart.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

This was a plot by Vesey, who was a slave, to try to start a slave rebellion but was killed before he could start.

Nullification Controversy

1832

This was a conflict about tariffs during the presidency of Andrew Jackson

Robert Smalls

1835 - 1915

He was an escaped slave who freed himself many friends and family by commandeering a ship.

Sessionist movement

1845

This was to secede from the U.S. states many states wanted to be independent.

Slave Codes

1848

These were prettty much the statuses and right the slaves had to thier owners in each state.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

This was a act for opening new land and kind of repealed the Missouri Compromise.

Dredd Scott Desision

1857

This was an argument between Scott and Stanford between a landmark decision.

Election of 1860

1860

This was an affect of the outbreak of the American Civil War. There needed to be a re-election.

Creation of Confederate States

1861 - 1865

These were basically all of the slaves states in the south. Eventually these states were defeated by the northern states.

Port Royal

1861

This was one of the first amphibious attacks in the Civil War and was on the Port Royal Sound.

Fort Sumter

1861

This battle started the Civil War and declared the beginning.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

This was a major war between the states. It was the Union against the Confederates.

Lincoln's Assisination

1865

This has and always will be a big historic event. This happened on Good Friday of 1865, five days after he Civil War ended. John Wilkes Booth was the killer.

Total War

1866

This was a strategy used to destroy everything in your path. The north did this and destroyed many many houses, stores, railroads and practically everything.

Plantation System

1910 - 1945

This was a plantation system or irrigation plan to grow and profit from crops.