History

Main

Mercantilism

1400 - 1700

Mercantilism is the economic doctrine that government can control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the military security of the country. In particular, it demands a positive/good balance of trade.

Eastern Woodland Indians

1491 - 1492

The Eastern Woodland Indian were made up of many tribes. The Indians in the Eastern Woodland Culture lived east of the Plains Indians. At that time much of the land between the Mississippi River and the east coast was covered with forest.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangular Slave Trade, the term used for the trading of slaves from the 1500 to the mid 1800 between Europe, Africa, and the New World. People from the new world got lots of black people and they used them as slaves

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory. It was founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526.

Plantation system

1600 - 1800

A plantation is an economic unit producing agricultural commodities field crops or horticultural products.Plantations usually employ a year-round labor crew of some size, and they usually specialize in the production of only one or two marketable products.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The colonies were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.Each colony developed its own system of self-government.

Proprietary colony

1632 - 1720

Proprietary colony were grants of land in the form of a charter or a license to rule, for individuals or groups.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Planting rice was extremely profitable so they just kept on growing and made lots of money.Charleston rice exports rose from 10,000 pounds in 1698 to over 20 million pounds by 1730

Yemassee war

1715 - 1717

The yemassee war was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribe.Some of the Native American Indian groups played a minor role while others launched attacks throughout South Carolina in an attempt to destroy the colony.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution.One of the earliest known organized rebellions in the present United States, the uprising was led by native Africans who were Catholic and likely from the Kingdom of Kongo, which had been Catholic since 1491.

Royal colony

1754 - 1757

Royal colonies were those that in the absence or revocation of a private or proprietary charter came under the direct everyday governmental control of the English monarchy.It is important to emphasize that the Crown and not Parliament held sovereignty over royal colonies

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War is the American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years War.The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

The British and the Cherokee have been allies at the start of the war. But each party had suspected the other of betrayals.

Regulator movement

1764 - 1771

Right before battle James Hunter, who many considered the general of the Regulators was asked to lead a band of nearly 2,000 men.Much of the momentum of the Regulators came from the Sons of Liberty and their activities in Massachusetts.

Sugar act

1764 - 1776

The Sugar Act, properly known as the American Revenue Act, was enacted by Parliament on April 5, 1764. The focus of the Sugar Act was to discourage colonial merchants and manufacturers from smuggling non-British goods to avoid taxes imposed by Parliament.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. As that group grew it came to be known as the Sons of Liberty.

Stamp act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act 1765 imposed a direct tax by the British Parliament.The purpose of the tax was to help pay for troops stationed in North America after the British victory in the Seven Years' War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

Remember Denmark Vesey of Charleston was the battle cry of the first black regiment formed to fight in the Civil War.The war achieved what Vesey had so desperately striven for — the abolition of slavery.

Tea act

1773 - 1774

An act to allow a drawback of the duties of customs on the exportation of tea to any of his Majesty's colonies or plantation in America. In Boston the Royal Governor was stubborn & held the ships in port, where the colonists would not allow them to unload.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

That all political power is vested in and derived from the people only.That the people of this State ought to have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police

Revolutionary war

1776 - 1783

The first man shot in the Boston Massacre was a black man named Crispus Attucks.About 5,000 African American men and boys fought in the war.

Declaration of Independence

1776

There is something written on the back of the Declaration of Independence, but it isn't a secret map or code. Instead there are a few handwritten words that say Original Declaration of Independence/ dated 4th July 1776.The Declaration of Independence is without a doubt one of the most important documents ever to be written in American history

Articles of confederation

1777

After winning its independence from Great Britain in the Revolutionary War, the new country situated on the eastern seaboard of North America needed to fashion some form of governmental system. The Articles of Confederation represent the first constitutional agreement made between the 13 American states.

Battle of kings mountain

1780

Generals: Major Patrick Ferguson commanded the loyalists. The American force had a number of officers of similar rank: Colonels Shelby, Campbell, McDowell, Sevier, Williams, Lacey, Cleveland, Hambright and Winston. Size of the army were uncertain but it seemed like each team had around one thousand soldiers on each side

Battle of Camden

1780

This battle was a one day battle. The battle was British and Germans vs. Americans

Battle of eutaw springs

1781

In early 1781 Major General Nathanael Greene of the Continental Army began a campaign to end British control over the South Carolina backcountry. The battle was one of the hardest and bloodiest war.

Battle of cowpens

1781

Americans against the British and loyalist Americans.Colonel Daniel Morgan against Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton

Commerce Compromise

1787

The US Constitution has been called a bundle of compromises. due to the fact that the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 had to compromise on numerous key points in order to create a new Constitution that was acceptable to each of the states.

Great Compromise

1787

A compromise was reached on June 29th, 1787 in Philadelphia combining the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan.This has been a huge conflict for quite a while.

3/5 compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states It was proposed by delegates James Wilson and Roger Sherman

Nullification controversy

1787 - 1816

After the war of 1812, the U.S government worked hard to encourage American manufacturing over British and formed many tariffs as a result.However, once Andrew Jackson stepped into office many claimed they believed these tariffs would be reduced and that they would no longer be as pressed to step up manufacturing in order to meet the demands the government was pushing for them to meet.

Constitution

September 17, 1787

Congress, and the Supreme Court. Each state has its own constitution that is the highest law for the state.While Revolutionary War was going on Second Continental Congress acted as the government.

Cotton gin

1794 - 1807

Eli Whitney was the inventor of the cotton gin and a pioneer in the mass production of cotton. He graduated from Yale college.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

Law passed by Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson in 1807.The goal was to get Britain and France, who were fighting each other at the time, to stop restricting American trade.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The U.S. declared war on Great Britain during its war with France.
America passed a series of laws that closed its ports to British ships that were loaded with goods they planned to sell in the U.S.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William t Sherman died in New York City. He studied at the United States military academy. He had two children's and they are Thomas Ewing Sherman and Eleanor Sherman.

Slave codes

1830 - 1840

English common law did not describe slavery, though it did describe varieties of relations between superiors and inferiors. The number of slaves grew rapidly in colonies such as Virginia, Maryland, and South Carolina.

Abolitionist movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.Advocating for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates who argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was from Beaufort. Robert Smalls was from the Republican Party.

Dred Scott decision

1846 - 1857

Dred Scott was born in Virginia.Dred Scott was a slave and social activist who served several masters before suing for his freedom.

Cotton trade

1850 - 1865

Cotton accounts for about 40 percent of total world fiber production.While some 80 countries from around the globe produce cotton, China (24%), the United States (20%), and India (16%) together produce over half the world's cotton.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1861

On May 30, 1854, the U.S. Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This Act permitted people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.

Election of 1860

1860

The Democrats met in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1860 to select their candidate for President in the upcoming election. It was turmoil Northern democrats felt that Stephen Douglas had the best chance to defeat the black.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederate States of America also known as the Confederacy, was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.The Confederacy recognized as members eleven states that had formally declared secession, two additional states with less formal declarations, and one new territory.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1885

The battle of fort Sumter was the first battle of the civil war.The intense Confederate artillery bombardment of Major Robert Anderson’s small Union garrison in the unfinished fort in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, had been preceded by months of siege-like conditions.

Civil war

1861 - 1865

The war began as the result of a dispute between certain southern states and certain northern slates regarding slavery and the taxation of cotton exports.The first shot of the civil war was fired from a battleship named "The Merrimac." When the ship's missile struck the heart of Manasses, Vermont, the bloody Battle of Manasses began.

Port royal

1861

A small force of four gunboats supported the forts, but did not materially affect the battle.The attacking force assembled outside of the sound beginning on November 3 after being battered by a storm during their journey down the coast

Secessionist

1861

The term secession had been used as early as 1776.Any federal republic by its very nature invited challenge to central control, a danger that James Madison recognized.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

The assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln took place on Good Friday.The assassination occurred five days after the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant.

“Total War”

1915 - 1918

Total war was a whole new different way of fighting. They would bomb churches and innocent people. Lots of soldiers used this way of fighting.