South Carolina History

Main

Sanmiguel de gualdape

1475 - 1526

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526.It was to last only three months of winter before being abandoned in early 1527.

Eastern woodland Indians

1491 - 1492

The eastern woodland Indians were native Americans that inhabit the eastern part of the united states. this group of Indians has been known to live in northwestern states such as Tennessee and Kentucky. The majority of the Indians live in log homes, which they build out of tree bark trees ,twigs, branches ,and mud-clay.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangular trade, or triangle trade, is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions. Triangular trade usually evolves when a region has export commodities that are not required in the region from which its major imports come

port royal

1518

port royal hosted the battle of port royal during the civil war.

Mercantilism

1607 - 1732

Mercantilism is the economic doctrine that government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the military security of the country.

13 English colonies

1607 - 1732

Each colony developed its own system of self-government. Peopl of these colonies were mostly independent farmers, who owned their own land and voted for their local government.

Proprietary colonies

1627 - 1652

A proprietary colony was a colony in which one or more individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state's sanctions, retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state, and in all cases eventually became so.

slave codes

1650 - 1833

these codes gave slaves owners power over the Blacks.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

In 1660 the English began to regulate trade with the colonies more closely

The Yamasee War

1715 - 1717

The Yamasee war was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes, including the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others

Royal Colonies

1729 - 1775

Royal Colonies were established in North America by England, France, the Netherlands, and Sweden over the course of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries

The stono rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion (sometimes called Cato's Conspiracy or Cato's Rebellion) was a slave rebellion that commenced on 9 September 1739, in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution.[1]

Fench and Indian War

1754 - 1763

It was a war between the British America colonies and the New French. The Native Indians helped the French.

Cheerokee war

1758 - 1761

It was a war between the British and the Cherokee Indians. It place between the French and Indian war.

Regulator movement

1760 - 1771

Regulator movement, designation for two groups, one in South Carolina, the other in North Carolina, that tried to effect governmental changes in 1760s

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The sugar act was also called the American revenue act. It was when the put tax on sugar, wine and other important things.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

It put tax on many stamped paper produced in London and carrying a revenue stamp

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1775

It was a group of American patriots who protected the protested the British taxes. They also protected the rights of citizens.

Tea Act

1773 - 1775

When they taxed all tea products in British and British controlled America.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

It was a war between the thirteen colonies and the empire of Great Britain. The thirteen colonies had a victory.

Declaration of Independence

1776

It annouced the thirteen colonies were free from Britain empire.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

It describes the function of South Carolina’s government

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

Was an argument between the thirteen colonies which established the United States of America

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

It was a major victory for the British when they trailed the american troops for 5 miles strengthening them

Battle of King's Mountain

1780

It was a one day battle when the patriots militia defeated the British army

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The American army won and it was called the turning point in reconquest of South Carolina from the British

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The goal of the battle was to regain South Carolina and it was successful.

3/5 Compromise

1787

It was a compromise where 3/5 of the slaves would be counted for representation purposes.

Commerce Compromise

1787

It is when they allowed tax imports but they did not allow tax exports.

Great Compromise

1787

it was an agreement between small states reached during on convientional congress. It defined part of the legislative structure

the cotton gin

1794

a machine theat seperated the cotton from the seeds quickly & easily.

Cotton Trade

1794

In 1794 American inventor Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin a machine that revolutionized the production of cotton

Nullification controversy

1800 - 1817

The nullification crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolinas 1832 Ordiance of nullification

Abolishment movement

1807 - 1863

The abolishment movement was an attempt to get slavery abolished

Embargo act

1807 - 1809

Was a general enacted by the United States congress against Great Britain and France during the napolnic wars

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The war of 1812 was a thirty two month military conflict between the US and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change but a resolution of many issues which remained from the American war of independence

William T Sherman

1820 - 1891

American solider businessmen educator and author he served as a general in the union army during the American civil war for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the scorched earth policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the confederate states

Denmark Vesey plot

1822

an african american who planed one of the largest slave rebellion in the Us.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

He was a slaved black, during the civil war and after. He became a pilot sea captain and polition he freed himself his crew and family from slavery.

Dred Scott decision.

1846 - 1857

Secessionist

1850

a person who secedes, advocates secession, or claims secession as a constitutional right

Kansas -Nebraska act

1854

Envisions compromise as a compromise over slavery.

Election of 1860

1856 - 1864

The United States was divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the slavery and the rights of slave owners. In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party into Northern and Southern factions, and a new Constitutional Union Party appeared.

Plantation system

1859

A plantation enconmy which is based on agriculture mass productin

election of 1860

1860

the US presidential election of 1860 set the stage for the American Wa.

FT SUMTER

1861

a fort in charslton south carolina it was the sceane of a bombardment from april 12 to 14th.

Civil War.

1861 - 1865

a war between the citizens of the same country. it was faught for independence of a region.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

was a government made up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.

Total War.

1864

this is when the opposing army destroys everything in its path

lincolns assasitnation.

1865

on april 14th lincoln was killed by john Wilkes. he shot him in his head.