South Carolina Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1491 - 1492

The were native indians that lived in the eastern part of South Carolina. The Woodlands used spears & atlatls until the end of the period, when they were replaced by bows & arrows. However Southern Woodland people used blowguns.

San Miguel de Guadalupe

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Guadalupe was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory. It was to last only three months of winter before being abandoned in early 1527.

Plantation System

1600 - 1800

It's like a farm full with slaves.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The 13 colonies were some of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America. Each colony developed its own system of sel-government.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Any of certain colonies that were granted to an individual or group by the British crown.

Slave Codes

1712 - 1740

South Carolina established its slave codes in 1712 based on the 1688 English slave codes.

Yamassee War

1715 - 1717

Was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1775

Royal colonies were ruled by a governor appointed by a Monarch.

Stono Rebellion

1739

20 slaves met near the Stono River to plan their escape, then minutes later they broke into Hutcheson's store killed two storekeepers and stole guns and powder inside.

Triangle Slave Trade

1752 - 1763

Trade among three ports or regions.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Was between the colonies of British America and New France. In 1756, the war escalated from a regional affair into a world-wide conflict.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The British and the Cherokee had been allies at the start of the war, but each party had suspected the other of betrayals.

Sugar Act

1764

It was an act on sugar and the colonist didn't like the idea of it.

Sons of Liberty

1765

Was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre- independence North American British colonies.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Was a North and South Carolina uprising in which citizens took arms against colonial officials.

Stamp Act

1765

An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties and other duties.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

Was an African- Caribbean most famous for planning slave rebellion.

Tea Act

1773

An act to allow a drawback of the duties of customs on the exportation of tea to any of his Majesty's colonies or plantations in America.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a world war between Britain.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

It describes the structure and function of the state's government.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

Was a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Was a decisive victory by Continental army forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, and was the last major engagement of the war in the Carolinas.

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1789

The original constitution of the US.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

Is the supreme law of the United States of America.[1] The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court.

Commerce Compromise

1787

Refers to a compromise between the Northern and Southern States during the Constitutional Convention.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for representation in the House of Representatives.

Great Compromise

1787

Centered on how many representatives each state should have in the new government's lawmaking branch.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1794

It's a machine that took the seeds out of cotton

Cotton Trade

1794 - 1861

It's when they trade cotton

Embargo Act

1807

Is the partial or complete prohibition of commerce and trade with a particular country.

War of 1812

1812

Was a 32-month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change, but a resolution of many issues which remained from the American War of Independence.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Attempted to achieve all slaves and the ending of racial segregation.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1860 - 1890

Rice became a major export crop of the region.

Mercantilism

1870 - 1875

Adam Smith coined the term “mercantile system” to describe the system of political economy that sought to enrich the country by restraining imports and encouraging exports.